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OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • July 20, 2017

St. Louis Post-Dispatch: Missouri prisoner was assaulted, state workers lied

For as long as 10 days, one inmate at a state prison in Farmington sexually and physically abused a cellmate in a manner so severe that his prison term was extended 22 years. Austin Gallup ultimately pleaded guilty to abusing the St. Louis County man in 2013 in what the victim’s attorney calls torture. During that period, Missouri Department of Corrections employees failed to properly check on the two inmates, who were locked alone together in one of the more restricted areas of the prison. Moreover, the state workers falsified logs and failed to follow procedures aimed at protecting inmates from other prisoners. Those are among the new revelations in a state investigation obtained this month by the Post-Dispatch through an open records request.

Read more: http://www.stltoday.com/news/local/crime-and-courts/missouri-prisoner-was-repeatedly-assaulted-while-state-workers-lied-about/article_18243ea0-f317-5c8f-9aae-f78eae346680.html

Chicago Tribune: Emails show scope of scandal at Chicago's water department

City emails newly obtained by the Chicago Tribune cast light on the scope and offensiveness of racist, sexist and anti-gay slurs by politically connected supervisors at the top levels of the Chicago water department. An image of a Ku Klux Klan "scarecrow" amid a watermelon field, a picture of a naked woman on a beach and off-color comments about gay people found their way into inboxes between early 2013 and April — a month before an investigation of the emails led to high-ranking officials losing their jobs at the Department of Water Management. The emails, among nearly 1,300 provided by the city in response to a request under the Illinois open records law, include more overtly sexist and anti-black messages than those in an earlier, more limited batch obtained by the Tribune that also contained anti-Islamic insults. And the new emails for the first time reveal homophobic statements. They also show that they were sent and received during a yearslong period without any sign that supervisors, including recently ousted department Commissioner Barrett Murphy, did anything to quash the troubling chatter. And in at least one case, Murphy forwarded an offensive email to another department employee.

Read more: http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/local/politics/ct-water-department-scandal-emails-met-0603-20170602-story.html

Hundreds of Georgia inmates escape, but not for long

Fear and a frantic national search followed the escape last month of a pair of armed robbers who allegedly killed two correctional officers along a rural stretch of highway in Putnam County.

Prison breaks are often the stuff of Hollywood movies. But how often do convicts actually get loose? An Atlanta Journal-Constitution review of data found that Georgia has recorded hundreds of inmate "escapes" in the past seven years. But few of them spur the kind of national dragnet that Ricky Dubose and Donnie Russell Rowe's short-lived bid for freedom did. In fact, most are inmates on the verge of being released who simply walk away, records show. And more than half are back behind bars within days. … The AJC based its reporting on warrant logs provided by the DOC in response to an open records request.

Read more: www.AJC.com

Facebook fighting court order over law enforcement access

Facebook is fighting a court order that blocks the social media giant from letting users know when law enforcement investigators ask to search their online information, particularly their political affiliations and comments.

Major technology companies and civil liberties groups have joined Facebook in the case, which resembles legal challenges throughout the country from technology companies that oppose how the government seeks access to internet data in emails or social media accounts during criminal investigations, The Washington Post reported.

Facebook is arguing in the D.C. Court of Appeals that the order violates First Amendment protections of the company and individuals.

A spokesman for the U.S. attorney's office declined to comment. Many documents have been sealed in the case and hearings have been closed to the public.

The timing of the investigation and references in court documents that have been made public suggest the search warrants relate to demonstrations during President Donald Trump's inauguration, when more than 200 people were charged with rioting, the newspaper reported.

New York Times: Twitter users sue Trump over blocks

A group of Twitter users blocked by President Trump sued him and two top White House aides, arguing that his account amounts to a public forum that he, as a government official, cannot bar people from.

The blocked Twitter users, represented by the Knight First Amendment Institute at Columbia University, raised cutting-edge issues about how the Constitution applies to the social-media era. They say Mr. Trump cannot bar people from engaging with his account because they expressed opinions he did not like, such as mocking or criticizing him.

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • July 13, 2017

News Journal: Public information appeals languish in AG’s office

Greenwood kettle corn maker Dan Kramer appreciates life in the slow lane. Except when it comes to state government, according to a story in The News Journal in Wilmington, Delaware.

All told, the septuagenarian has spent more than four years waiting for the Attorney General's Office to rule on his public information requests, making him the longest-running petitioner in recent memory. "You're just sitting here, wondering what in the world is taking so long for them to come to a conclusion," drawls Kramer, who has filed six appeals with the state attorney general since 2011, four of them unsuccessful. "It totally flabbergasted me." State law mandates that Delaware's top law enforcement official rule on Freedom of Information Act appeals within 20 days. In reality, the appeals process drags on for months or even a year, long after governments vote on contracts or approve controversial developments, a News Journal analysis found.

Read more: http://www.delawareonline.com/story/news/2017/07/07/ags-office-routinely-violated-open-records-laws/452156001/

Lexington Herald-Leader: 100 Kentucky students had their state test scores lowered to zero. Here’s why.

The 2015-16 statewide tests scores of 25 fourth-graders at Clark County’s Strode Station Elementary were lowered to zero after Kentucky Department of Education investigators determined that their teacher obtained a test booklet from a locked room without authorization and taught information from it before the exam, state documents show. In all, Kentucky education officials changed the test scores of at least 100 students to zero after violations of the testing code were found in 2015-16 on required statewide tests, the most recent year for which results are available. Because of the time the investigations into allegations took, superintendents across the state have been receiving letters of confirmation in 2017 for the violations that occurred in 2015-16. Some notification letters were dated as late as May 2017. …

Statewide, nearly 200 educators or school staff were required to have extra training when violations were found in the 2015-16 assessments, according to documents obtained under the Kentucky Open Records Act.

Read more: http://www.kentucky.com/news/local/education/article159057544.html

Media groups challenge privacy protections for Wetterling file

Ten media organizations are seeking to legally challenge the family of Jacob Wetterling over its attempt to keep private some investigative documents related to the 11-year-olds 1989 abduction and murder, the Minneapolis Star Tribune reports.

The Minnesota Newspaper Association, Minnesota Broadcasters Association and the Minnesota Coalition on Government Information are among parties challenging a lawsuit filed earlier this month by Jacobs parents, Patty and Jerry Wetterling, to prevent the release of sensitive investigative documents that include personal information about their family.

The organizations are trying to intervene in the case because of concerns about the broader impact a judge’s potential ruling could have on state privacy laws. Interventions allow outside parties into a lawsuit to protect their interests.

Virginia high court rules against newspaper in lawsuit

A Virginia newspaper has lost a bid to compel the release of court records that would shed light on criminal defendants and cases across the state.

The Daily Press filed a lawsuit to get access to a database from the Office of the Executive Secretary of the Supreme Court of Virginia that the newspaper says would provide information such as the names and races of defendants.

Virginia's highest court upheld a lower court ruling denying the newspaper's request. The justices said the General Assembly has designated the court clerks as the "custodians" of court records, so the newspaper has to get the information from the individual clerks.

Marisa Porto, publisher and editor-in-chief for the Daily Press Media Group, based in Newport News, Virginia, said in a statement that she is "baffled" by the decision and believes the issue needs to be addressed by the General Assembly.

Poynter: Court rules on video recording case

The Third Circuit Court of Appeals ruled in favor of journalists and ordinary bystanders video recording police. The three-judges appellate panel ruled in the cases of a Temple University student, Richard Fields, and Amanda Geraci, who was a member of a police watchdog group in Philadelphia called Up Against the Law.

The case drew a “friend of the court” brief from The Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press and was joined by 31 other media organizations including the National Press Photographers Association, Radio Television Digital News Association, The Associated Press, Gannett, McClatchy, NPR, The New York Times, The Online News Association and the Society of Professional Journalists.

The groups argued that the right to video-record police in a public place is a First Amendment right. And if the police could stop a bystander from recording an officer in a public place, then police could stop journalists too.

The American Civil Liberties Union filed the lawsuits on behalf of Fields and Geraci.

Pennsylvania governor OKs bill removing police videos from open records law

A new Pennsylvania law exempts police audio and video recordings from the state's Right-to-Know Law, leaving the release of those records largely to the discretion of police.

Democratic Gov. Tom Wolf signed a bill that also clears legal hurdles that kept police departments from using body cameras, likely expanding their use greatly.

The legislation was supported by police groups. Lawmakers passed it overwhelmingly. The American Civil Liberties Union opposed it, warning it'll keep police videos largely out of public view.

Judge says University of Kentucky violated open records law

The University of Kentucky violated the state’s Open Records Act by improperly withholding documents about a failed business deal between UK HealthCare and a Hazard cardiology firm from the Herald-Leader, Fayette Circuit Judge Pamela Goodwine ruled.

UK also violated the Open Meetings Act with an unannounced Power Point presentation about problems with the business deal to the UK Board of Trustees during what was supposed to be an informal dinner in May 2016, Goodwine ruled. UK failed to keep minutes of that meeting and refused to provide a copy of the Power Point presentation afterward once the Herald-Leader of Lexington, Kentucky, requested it.

No one from the newspaper was present at the meeting, which did not have an agenda.

AP: Facebook now deleting 66,000 posts a week in anti-hate campaign

Facebook said that it has deleted about 66,000 posts a week in the last two months as the social media giant cracks down on what it deems to be hate speech.

The company said in a blog post that deleting posts can "feel like censorship," but that it is working on explaining its process better and improving its enforcement of hate speech.

Facebook defines hate speech as attacks on people based on their race, sexual orientation and other "protected characteristics." The Menlo Park, California, company said it mostly relies on its 2 billion users to report any hateful posts they see. Workers then review the posts and decide whether to delete it.

Facebook Inc. said it plans to hire an additional 3,000 people in the next year to review posts. That's on top of the 4,500 people it currently has reviewing posts.

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • June 29, 2017

AP: Ending guessing game, Trump admits there are no Comey tapes

Ending a month-long guessing game that he started with a cryptic tweet and that ensnared his administration in yet more controversy, President Donald Trump declared he never made and doesn't have recordings of his private conversations with ousted former FBI Director James Comey,

"With all of the recently reported electronic surveillance, intercepts, unmasking and illegal leaking of information," Trump tweeted, he has "no idea" whether there are "tapes" or recordings of the two men's conversations. But he proclaimed "I did not make, and do not have, any such recordings."

That left open the possibility that recordings were made without his knowledge or by someone else. But he largely appeared to close the saga that began in May, just days after he fired Comey, then the head of an investigation into Trump associates' ties to Russian officials. Trump has disputed Comey's version of a January dinner during which the director said the president had asked for a pledge of loyalty.

Trump responded at that time, via Twitter, that Comey "better hope that there are no 'tapes' of our conversations before he starts leaking to the press!"

Imprisoned ex-CIA officer loses appeal of leak conviction

A former CIA officer convicted of leaking government secrets to a reporter lost a bid to clear his name.

A three-judge panel of the 4th Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals affirmed all but one of Jeffrey Sterling's convictions and said there was no need for him to be resentenced.

He was sentenced to 3 1/2 years after he was convicted under the Espionage Act in 2015 on charges that he divulged details of a CIA mission aimed at stalling Iranian ambitions to build a nuclear weapon. Sterling maintains he was not a source for a book by New York Times journalist James Risen.

The operation, described in Risen's 2006 book "State of War," involved using a CIA agent nicknamed "Merlin" to deliver flawed nuclear blueprints to Iran in the hopes that they would spend years trying to develop a product that would never work.

Pentagon believes Chelsea Manning's leaks had no significant impact on U.S. interests

Army Pvt. Chelsea Manning's unauthorized release of hundreds of thousands of classified U.S. military documents to WikiLeaks in 2010 failed to significantly affect American interests, according to a newly released government assessment.

A federal multi-agency review undertaken in 2011 after the soldier shared the documents with WikiLeaks concluded that their release had little impact on the country's wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, the report suggests, contrary to previous claims raised by Manning's critics.

The government concluded with "high confidence" that Manning's disclosure of over 400,000 records related to the Iraq War would "have no direct personal impact on current and former U.S. leadership in Iraq," according a highly-redacted copy of the assessment obtained by BuzzFeed News through a Freedom of Information Act request and published online, the Washington Times reports.

Manning's separate disclosure of over 90,000 documents related to the war in Afghanistan was not expected to have any "significant 'strategic impact'" on U.S. operations, the same report concluded, but its authors nevertheless cautioned that the leak of those documents had the potential to cause "serious damage" to "intelligence sources, informants and the Afghan population."

Sacramento Bee: Teen murder rate far too high

Jackie Diaz kneeled near a statue of the patron saint of adolescents, whispered to her son’s grave and gently rubbed the gravestone as if comforting her child. She does this nearly every day, bringing fertilizer and fresh water so the grass around Isaiah Diaz’s grave stays green.

Here, at St. Mary’s Cemetery in south Sacramento, she is quiet and angry and focused, especially on this day – Oct. 3, 2016 – one year after someone shot her 16-year-old son in his grandmother’s driveway and escaped into the night. … All told, 114 teenagers died violently in Sacramento County since the beginning of 2007. The bloodshed claimed honor roll students and street gang soldiers, young fathers and children of immigrants. Young people in Sacramento between the ages of 15 and 19 are twice as likely to be killed in homicides as the general population, and the teen murder rate here is higher than both the state and federal averages, according to an analysis of Sacramento Coroner’s Office records obtained by The Bee through the state’s Public Records Act.

Read more: http://www.sacbee.com/news/investigations/article157183969.html

Oregonian: Who’s watching the children?

A 4-year-old with autism walks out the front door of a day care center and into the parking lot of a nearby fast-food restaurant, only to be rescued by a drive-thru customer. A 3 ½-year-old falls from a climbing structure designed for older children. The boy dangles off the ground, tangled in a lanyard that his caretaker improperly allowed him to play with. A 3-year-old is removed from classmates and placed outside in an apparent act of discipline. The boy stands isolated on a dark February night, with temperatures hovering only a few degrees above freezing. Each of these day-care horror stories stems from Iris Valley Learning Center, which amassed one of the worst health and safety records in Oregon over a decade based on sheer volume of state rule violations. The state Office of Child Care tagged Iris Valley with 102 violations from 2007 through 2016. Eight children broke bones while attending the Keizer day care, the largest number of fractures at any provider during that period, according to state records. Inspectors found grimy toys, dirty carpets, a filthy kitchen and too few teachers. And yet, until lurching to action this spring, Oregon's child care office allowed the center to keep serving young children. … Problems within the state agency that provides oversight of childcare facilities have mounted for years with little action, according to an internal state audit from 2016. The report, the contents of which have remained private until now, depicts a regulatory environment chock-full of ineffective safeguards and bureaucratic failures that jeopardize child safety. The report was obtained by The Oregonian/OregonLive through a public records request.

Read more: http://www.oregonlive.com/politics/index.ssf/2017/06/oregon_kids_at_elevated_risk_o.html

On open records, half Florida's legislators rate "F" or "D"

Half of Florida's legislators failed or nearly failed in a review of their support for public records and meetings given by Florida newspapers and an open-government group after this year's legislative sessions, according to a report in the Palm Beach Post.

In a “scorecard” produced by the Florida Society of News Editors and based on information provided by Florida’s First Amendment Foundation -- which tracked a priority list of public records exemptions -- the 160 legislators totaled three Fs, 77 Ds, 71 Cs, and 9 Bs.

Each year FSNE completes a project devoted to Sunshine Week, a nationwide initiative to educate the public about the importance of transparent government. This year FSNE members created a scoring system to grade legislators on their introduction of bills and their final votes.

"As an advocate for open government, the grades of course, are disappointing," said Barbara Petersen, president of the First Amendment Foundation, a nonprofit supported mostly by newspapers and broadcasters.

Poynter: Knight Foundation awards $1 million to fight misinformation

A mobile game that tracks falsehoods, a tool that busts lie-spewing internet bots and projects aimed at increasing the reach of fact checks are among the winners of a $1 million challenge from The Knight Prototype Fund aimed at improving the flow of accurate information.

The 20 ideas, which are eligible for $50,000 each, come from universities, news organizations and nonprofits across the United States and propose tackling misinformation by educating news consumers, pulling back the curtain on sources of fake news and making fact-checking more memorable and shareable. (Disclosure: The Knight Foundation funds Poynter's coverage of local news.)

Demoted Wisconsin police officer accused of mishandling sexual assault case

The police officer in Beloit, Wisconsin, who was caught listening to a racially charged podcast also was reprimanded for mishandling a sexual assault case and improper use of a town credit card, according to an investigative report.

Officer Richard Felger was demoted from sergeant after an investigation of his performance. Felger was reprimanded for mishandling a sexual assault investigation, improper use of a town credit card and improper use of a work computer, according to the investigation report obtained by The Gazette through an open records request.

Mexico probes spyware attacks on journalists, activists

Mexican prosecutors have opened an investigation into the reported targeting of journalists, lawyers and activists with spyware that is sold exclusively to governments, authorities said.

In a statement, the federal Attorney General's Office said its division responsible for investigating crimes against freedom of expression will probe possible violations such as intercepting private communications and illegally accessing computing equipment.

Prosecutors will seek to analyze the targeted cell phone numbers and identify the source of the spyware attacks, and they will also contact the providers of the technology for information on which government entities have acquired it.

"The Attorney General's Office energetically condemns the illegal intercepts of communications," the statement said.

The University of Toronto's Citizen Lab, an internet watchdog group, reported this week that Pegasus spyware produced by Israel's NSO Group had been used to target people who were investigating or criticizing the government at the time. They included prominent journalists Carmen Aristegui and Carlos Loret de Mola.

The targets were sent messages containing links that, if clicked on, opened up their communications devices to being exploited and spied upon.

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • June 15, 2017

What officers found when they investigated carnival electrocution

Wichita officers investigating outside a carnival bouncy house where 15-month-old Pressley Bartonek was electrocuted on May 12 found an industrial light and a power box that were not insulated, a police investigative report says. Both were plugged in with extension cords. The base of the light was sitting in water, and the pole was touching a metal guardrail, according to the police reports. A police supervisor who was sent to investigate was also shocked that night when he touched either the guardrail or power box near where the girl was electrocuted. Police took the uninsulated light and power box at the traveling carnival as evidence “related to the electrocution,” says the reports, obtained by The Eagle on June 8 through a request under the Kansas Open Records Act.

Read more: http://www.kansas.com/news/local/article155195969.html

Ohio chief justice pursues study of judges' workloads

Ohio Supreme Court Chief Justice Maureen O'Connor is pushing for a study of judges' workloads at a time the number of cases on judges' dockets is steadily declining in Ohio and nationally. O'Connor told a gathering of judges in March the study was a proactive move at a time of a tight state budget, and a chance to explain the changing nature of the judiciary, according to written and recorded minutes of that meeting obtained by The Associated Press through an open records request.

O'Connor, a Republican, said no sitting judges would lose jobs as a result. O'Connor will meet with a panel of municipal, common pleas, juvenile court and other judges June 30 for more discussion. A decision is probably weeks away. The court has set aside $250,000 to pay for such a study.

Read more: https://www.usnews.com/news/best-states/ohio/articles/2017-06-07/ohio-chief-justice-pursues-study-of-judges-workloads

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • June 8, 2017

Sacramento Bee: Oroville Dam crisis was boon to contractors

The helicopters alone cost more than $100,000 a day at one point. Weeks of dredging debris ran to more than $22 million. And on the day after the massive evacuation, as the crisis was peaking, the state spent $3,902 on breakfasts and lunches for emergency workers. The fracture of Oroville Dam’s main flood-control spillway created a near-catastrophe, spawned multiple investigations and left lawmakers and locals grumbling about the state’s stewardship of the structure. One group isn’t complaining, though: the dozens of concrete and gravel contractors, trucking firms, engineering consultants and others that have been paid millions to help the state clean up the mess. “It was a tremendous opportunity for us … a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity,” said Jeff Lund of Lund Construction Co. in North Highlands, which helped excavate debris from the river channel beneath the crumpled spillway. Lund said his firm was paid about $5 million for its work at Oroville. Well over $400 million will have been spent by the time Oroville’s facilities are restored.

Read more: http://www.sacbee.com/news/investigations/the-public-eye/article154265149.html

Milwaukee Journal Sentinel: Ponzi scheme or smart investor?

What started as a neighborhood dispute has morphed into a City Hall call for an FBI investigation into how a Milwaukee landlord has raised millions of dollars to fuel his real estate empire. At the center of it is Nicholas Rezny, a brash — at times cocky — 33-year-old with a knack for attracting the attention of law enforcement officials, regulators and lawyers. Through his American Community ReDevelopment Group LLC and dozens of limited liability companies, Rezny says he has an ownership or management interest in about 225 rental units in the Milwaukee area. … He says in a promotional email that "I've beaten Warren Buffett's return every year I have been in business." The Office of the Milwaukee City Attorney and the state Department of Financial Institutions are suspicious, according to letters obtained by the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel through open records requests.

Read more: http://www.jsonline.com/story/news/investigations/2017/05/31/landlord-draws-attention-milwaukee-authorities/316029001/

Ohio judge issues media-access order in police shooting retrial

The judge in an Ohio police shooting retrial says that many potential jurors are worried about their identities being made public.

Hamilton County Judge Leslie Ghiz cited responses to juror questionnaires in the racially charged murder retrial of Ray Tensing, a white former University of Cincinnati police officer facing charges of murder and voluntary manslaughter for the 2015 shooting of Sam DuBose, an unarmed black man.

"They are seriously concerned about their safety," the judge said after testimony in a hearing she called after news organizations won an appeals court ruling blocking her planned restrictions on news coverage, such as limiting the number of reporters and electronic devices.

Ghiz later in the day released a new plan on media access that followed closely her earlier ruling. The new order allows a fixed-position video camera during jury selection, placed so jurors can't be seen, but it still sharply limits restrictions on the number of reporters and electronic devices.

News organizations are likely to appeal again.

Press groups urge congressional probe on assault of reporter in Montana

A national coalition of press groups urged a congressional ethics panel in Montana to consider disciplinary action against Montana's newly elected congressman, who is charged with throwing a reporter to the ground during a confrontation a day before the election.

Republican Greg Gianforte has yet to face a judge on the misdemeanor assault charge, which further intensified attention on a race that had already garnered wide national coverage.

The groups suggest Gianforte violated the House's code of official conduct when he allegedly assaulted Guardian reporter Ben Jacobs. The groups also say Gianforte violated the code when he issued a news release that was contradicted by eyewitness accounts and an audio recording made by the reporter during the fracas.

"Amid a climate of escalating hostility toward the press it is essential for the House to send a clear message to its members and to the nation that hostile treatment of the press will not be tolerated or ignored," said Gabe Rottman, the Washington director of PEN America, one of several groups, including the Society of Professional Journalists, seeking an inquiry by the Office of Congressional Ethics.

House GOP caucus in South Carolina argues it's exempt from open records law

The House Republican Caucus is asking a South Carolina court to dismiss a lawsuit filed by news outlets including The Associated Press that seeks access to information about an investigation into possible Statehouse corruption.

The dismissal motion contends the caucus is exempt from the Freedom of Information Act because of a House rule passed in 2007.

The news coalition's attorney, Jay Bender, argues a chamber rule can't exempt a caucus from state law.

The lawsuit asks a judge to declare the caucus is a public body subject to the state's open records law, and as such, should make its records and meetings public.

The caucus has denied requests from AP and The State newspaper to provide documents it turned over for Solicitor David Pascoe's investigation.

South Carolina governor says public records law 'step forward' in transparency

A new law closing loopholes in South Carolina's Freedom of Information Act represents "a big step forward" in government transparency, Gov. Henry McMaster said at a ceremonial signing.

The law requires state and local governments, school districts, and other public entities to respond more quickly to public records requests and prevents them from charging excessive fees.

The law took effect with McMaster's signature and capped a seven-year effort to strengthen public access to government records.

"This is a good law. The people ought to know what's going on in government and why it's going on," McMaster said.

But it doesn't go far enough, he added.

To get the bill to his desk, the Senate stripped out a section creating a state hearing officer to quickly and cheaply settle disputes.

Scranton Sewer Authority releases largely unredacted legal bills from sewer sale

The Scranton Sewer Authority released hundreds of pages of mostly unredacted legal and consulting bills from the sale of the Scranton sewer system outlining work performed by numerous attorneys and consultants over several years.

The authority provided the documents to the municipal councils of Scranton and Dunmore, as well as to The Times-Tribune in Scranton, Pennsylvania.

Scranton council and the newspaper each sought, through separate Right to Know Law requests, the legal and consulting bills incurred during the sale of the sewer system serving Scranton and Dunmore to Pennsylvania American Water.

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • June 1, 2017

Federal authorities have launched dozens of new criminal investigations into possible opioid and other drug theft by employees at Department of Veterans Affairs hospitals, a sign the problem isn't going away despite new prevention efforts. Data obtained by The Associated Press show 36 cases opened by the VA inspector general's office from Oct. 1 through May 19. It brings the total number of open criminal investigations to 108 involving missing prescriptions, theft or unauthorized drug use. Most of those probes typically lead to criminal charges. The numbers are an increase from a similar period in the previous year. The VA has pledged "zero tolerance" in drug thefts following an AP story in February about a sharp rise in reported cases of stolen or missing drugs since 2009. Doctors, nurses or pharmacy staff in the VA's network of more than 160 medical centers and 1,000 clinics are suspected of siphoning away controlled substances for their own use or street sale — sometimes to the harm of patients — or drugs simply went missing without explanation. Drug thefts are a growing problem at private hospitals as well as the government-run VA facilities as the illegal use of opioids has increased in the United States. But separate data from the Drug Enforcement Administration obtained by the AP under the Freedom of Information Act show the rate of reported missing drugs at VA health facilities was more than double that of the private sector.

New York Times defends publication of Manchester photos

The New York Times published several photos showing, in eerie detail, the makeshift shrapnel, shredded blue backpack and powerful lead acid battery used by the Manchester bomber, who killed 22 people. The story accompanying the photos, describing the forensic evidence and crime scene found by investigators, said the bomber’s torso had been heaved toward the entrance of the Manchester Arena. Nothing in the story directly states the source of the material but it says the evidence was photographed and distributed by British authorities. Now, British officials are accusing U.S. intelligence of leaking the material, saying it could seriously impede an investigation into the attack. … Executive Editor Dean Baquet said he understands why some readers are concerned but he stands by the decision: “The judgment is that there is a public benefit to telling people how terrorists work, including the makeup of their bombs, the kinds of packs they carry. The [C.J.] Chivers story did that in a remarkably astute way, including interviews with experts. This was not highly classified information. And it did not violate anyone’s privacy. Nor was it insensitive. I understand the upset. Nothing is more powerfully upsetting than what happened in Manchester. But explaining how terrorists work is important journalism.”

Read more: https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/25/public-editor/manchester-bombing-leaks-liz-spayd-public-editor.html

AP: Indiana faces records request backlog as Pence drags feet

The Indiana governor's office faces a backlog of public records requests largely stemming from Vice President Mike Pence's tenure, and the delay has been exacerbated by Pence's refusal to give his successor digital access to his emails, including those sent from a private AOL account he sometimes used to conduct state business.

More than 50 records requests are pending before the office of Republican Gov. Eric Holcomb, who was Pence's hand-picked replacement on the ballot after Trump selected him to be the GOP vice presidential nominee last July.

The vast majority of the requests seek correspondence Pence had with staffers and political groups, including emails routed through his private AOL.com email account, according to documents obtained by The Associated Press through a public records request.

The pending requests are from private citizens, law firms, political parties and news organizations, including the AP.

Vermont judge rules education agency must meet records requests

A Vermont civil court judge has ruled the state Agency of Education must be more responsive in releasing records even if meeting the request means extra work.

The ruling by Judge Helen Toor followed a lawsuit filed against the agency by a former Rutland Herald reporter Lola Duffort and the Vermont chapter of the American Civil Liberties Union.

Duffort had sought the records under the Freedom of Information Act for a planned story on incidents of bullying and hazing. When the agency refused her request, she worked with the ACLU to file suit seeking the records.

In response to Duffort's request, the agency said the state was under no obligation to produce the report because it was not published as a readable, compiled report before she made her request. But Toor's ruling said the state has the information that was being requested and so must provide it. Haley Dover, a spokeswoman for the Education Agency, said Friday the Herald's requested information was provided to the news organization last week, before the judge's ruling.

She said that as a result of the litigation, the agency created a school-by-school record of hazing, harassment and bullying reports.

Poynter: Bezos donates $1 million for press freedom

The Reporters Committee for the Freedom of the Press announced a $1 million donation from Amazon founder Jeff Bezos, the biggest gift from an individual in the organization's 46-year history.

"This generous gift will help us continue to grow, to offer our legal and educational support to many more news organizations, and to expand our services to independent journalists, nonprofit newsrooms and documentary filmmakers,” Reporters Committee Chairman David Boardman said. "We’ll also be better positioned to help local newsrooms, the places hit hardest by the disruption in the news industry and whose survival is every bit as crucial to American democracy as those entities headquartered in Washington and New York."

Bezos, who is worth $82.7 billion, purchased The Washington Post in 2013 and has been a demur but firm voice for press freedom in the years since.

Republican candidate wins in Montana after altercation with reporter

A Montana Republican businessman won the state's U.S. House seat after being charged with assaulting a reporter on the eve of the election.

Greg Gianforte apologized for attacking a reporter, who had asked about the GOP health care bill.

"Last night, I made a mistake. I took an action I can't take back and I am not proud of what happened," he said.

Gianforte was cited for misdemeanor assault after witnesses said he slammed to the ground a reporter who was asking him questions about the Republican health care bill. Gianforte could be heard on an audio tape yelling at the reporter, Ben Jacobs of The Guardian.

Journalists petition University of Minnesota to halt leak investigation

More than 260 journalists have signed a petition urging the University of Minnesota to halt its investigation into the source of news leaks about an athletics department official who was accused of sexual misconduct.

A delegation from the Minnesota Newspaper and Communications Guild delivered the petitions to the University’s Board of Regents. We believe that this investigation of leaks by the University is a direct attack on the First Amendment, the group said in a statement. The petition was signed by some journalists from the Star Tribune, St. Paul Pioneer Press, and several local TV news organizations, among others.

The Board of Regents launched the investigation after KSTP-TV reported that Randy Handel, an athletics department fundraiser, had been accused of sexual harassment, and that a confidential document about the case had been obtained from a member of the board.

The university said it has a legal obligation to keep such information, involving accusations against employees, confidential.

Arizona governor vetoes student press rights bill

Student press advocates have criticized Gov. Doug Ducey for vetoing legislation they say would have shown that Arizona supports the rights of student journalists who investigate shortcomings at their schools.

The measure would have shielded student journalists at public schools, community colleges and universities from administrative censorship of their work at school-sponsored media.

In a veto letter, the governor said he is a strong supporter of free speech and the First Amendment. Yet Ducey said in the statement he worried "that this bill could create unintended consequences, especially on high school campuses where adult supervision and mentoring is most important."

Frank LoMonte, executive director of the Student Press Law Center, questioned what the bill's opponents fear student journalists would write. And Paula Casey, executive director of the Arizona Newspapers Association, said students still would have had to answer to editors and advisers under the legislation.

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • May 24, 2017

Arizona Daily Star: Border detentions in southern Arizona cost taxpayers $2 billion

Taxpayers started footing the bill for housing Ivan Moreno Miranda shortly after a Border Patrol agent caught him on Jan. 14. Moreno Miranda crossed the border illegally near Douglas after being deported in 2013, federal court records show. The U.S. Attorney’s Office filed criminal charges against him and on Jan. 17 he was placed in the custody of the U.S. Marshals Service while his case unfolded, at a daily detention cost of about $80. The cost of detaining Moreno Miranda kept growing until Thursday, when federal Judge Raner C. Collins sentenced him to time served. After four months in the custody of the Marshals Service, the cost of housing Moreno Miranda came to about $9,600. … In the last decade, housing people on immigration-related charges in Southern Arizona cost taxpayers more than $1.8 billion, according to statistics obtained by the Arizona Daily Star through public-records requests. The Marshals Service spent about $1.1 billion in Southern Arizona housing people on similar charges in fiscal years 2007-15, according to agency records obtained through a Freedom of Information Act request.

Read More: http://tucson.com/news/local/border/border-detention-in-southern-az-cost-b-in-last-decade/article_73c89bb1-218b-54a3-8d7c-e643ff754b63.html

Chicago Tribune: Are college prep classes failing to prepare kids?

A full plate of general classes — the most common courses statewide across Illinois public high schools — is supposed to prepare students for life after graduation. But tens of thousands of students taking only general courses in main subjects — often labeled "college prep" in school curriculum guides — were not prepared for college classes, a sweeping Tribune analysis of the class of 2015 found. Those students made up most of the kids across Illinois who were not considered college ready in fundamental academic areas. A variety of factors, including the push to improve graduation rates and eliminate remedial courses, quietly weakened the rigor of some general classes, educators said, leaving students in courses that weren't tough enough.

Public education debates both here and nationwide often focus on school funding, teacher pensions, charter schools and vouchers. Little-mentioned in the discourse, though, is one of the most significant aspects of schooling: The classes kids take. The Tribune examined 4.2 million high school classes taken semester by semester by more than 150,000 students in the class of 2015, starting in fall 2011. … The data from the Illinois State Board of Education, obtained under open records laws, are the most recent available that could be linked to college entrance exam scores.

Read more: http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/local/breaking/ct-illinois-high-school-courses-met-20170519-story.html

Vermont becomes latest state to protect journalists' sources

Vermont has become the latest state to enact a law that protects journalists and their sources.

Republican Gov. Phil Scott signed a new law that creates a legal protection for information given to journalists by confidential sources or for conversations that take place off the record.

That means that the identity of anonymous sources is out of the reach of Vermont's legal system, even if those sources are government employees leaking privileged information.

Vermont Public Radio (http://bit.ly/2pXbq9A ) reports that more than two dozen states have similar protections in place.

Reporter says he was roughed up by security guards at FCC

A journalist said he was pinned against the wall by security guards and forced to leave the Federal Communications Commission headquarters after he tried to question an FCC commissioner after a news conference.

Reporter John Donnelly of CQ Roll Call said in a statement issued by the National Press Club that the guards roughed him up and removed him from the building under implied threat of force.

Donnelly said he was trying to question FCC Commissioner Mike O'Rielly after O'Rielly left a podium, which is a standard journalistic practice.

"We apologized to Mr. Donnelly more than once and let him know that the FCC was on heightened alert ... based on several threats," FCC spokesman Brian Hart said in a statement.

Breaking: HCC board votes not to renew journalism instructor's contract

The Board of Trustees of Hutchinson Community College voted not to renew the contract of journalism instructor Alan Montgomery after a 15-minute closed session during a special meeting.

The board went into executive session with President Carter File and the college's legal counsel, John Caton and Carol DeWald, to discuss personnel matters.

When the board resumed the open meeting, members unanimously approved a resolution declaring its intent to not renew Montgomery's contract. No discussion of the action took place in the public meeting.

Montgomery had been suspended since the beginning of May, following publication of an issue of The Hutchinson Collegian - the student newspaper at HCC - which included an article about Montgomery seeking federal intervention in the college's actions toward a pair of journalism students.

Copies of that issue were confiscated May 1 while students tried to distribute them, although the college released the papers for distribution later in the day. The college also temporarily canceled publication of the final issue of The Collegian, although File reversed that decision the next day.

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • May 17, 2017

Court upholds FOIA decision involving College of DuPage

An Illinois appellate court has ruled that the College of DuPage Foundation is subject to the state's open records law and ordered it to turn over a federal subpoena that the Chicago Tribune requested.

The unanimous decision marks the first time an Illinois higher court has ruled in favor of releasing records in possession of a public college's fundraising organization, the Tribune (http://trib.in/2q3h9NG ) reported.

The ruling upholds an earlier ruling by a DuPage Circuit Court judge.

"The Tribune is very pleased with the decision, which is a victory for transparency regarding the affairs of government," said Karen Flax, the newspaper's vice president of legal.

Philadelphia Inquirer: Parking Authority officials altered records

Just days after the Philadelphia Inquirer and Daily News formally requested an accounting of compensatory time at the Philadelphia Parking Authority, two top executives asked the agency to eliminate such hours they were owed, according to internal PPA emails.

Deputy executive directors Richard Dickson and Dennis Weldon sent emails to the payroll department to that effect Jan. 17 -- the same day the authority responded to the newspapers' request by falsely stating it had no comp-time records for senior staffers. Weldon, who also serves as PPA general counsel, was copied on that response.

Prior to the Right-to-Know request, the pair had accumulated hundreds of hours of comp time. Legal experts familiar with the Right-to-Know Law say those figures should have been acknowledged by the PPA.

The PPA recently released the emails as a result of a subsequent Right-to-Know request by the newspapers.

The papers had initially sought the comp-time information Jan. 13, after the agency reported that former executive director Vincent Fenerty, ousted in September after a sexual-harassment scandal, had collected $227,000 in comp time and other paid leave, as well as 15 years of free health care.

Lawyer, CEO want charge dropped against journalist

A West Virginia journalist arrested after repeatedly asking U.S. Health and Human Services Secretary Tom Price a question said he did nothing wrong, and his attorney and the media outlet's founder want the charge dropped.

Reporter Daniel Ralph Heyman, who works for the independent Public News Service, was arrested by police at the state Capitol in Charleston during Price's recent visit.

He had wanted to ask Price about whether domestic violence is a pre-existing condition under the Republican health care proposal. Heyman got no response. So he tried again. And again.

Capitol police said in a criminal complaint that Heyman, 54, caused a disturbance with his persistent questions and "was aggressively breaching" Secret Service agents who accompanied Price.

North Dakota AG says commission violated open meetings law

North Dakota's attorney general ruled the Devils Lake City Commission was not authorized under state law to discuss in a closed meeting a report that led to separation negotiations for the city's embattled police chief and his second-in-command.

The commission closed its April 3 meeting to the public, saying it could discuss a police department assessment report in an executive session. After the meeting was reopened, the city put Police Chief Keith Schroeder and Capt. Jon Barnett on paid administrative leave.

The report that was discussed in the closed session is public under North Dakota's open records law, and the Grand Forks (North Dakota) Herald, the Devils Lake Journal and KZZY Radio asked Attorney General Wayne Stenehjem for an opinion on whether the city violated North Dakota's open meetings law.

South Dakota reporter subpoenaed in tribal marijuana case

Prosecutors plan to call a Sioux Falls (South Dakota) Argus Leader reporter as a witness in a trial related to a marijuana operation that the Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe attempted to start, and the newspaper has objected.

The attorney general's office has subpoenaed Dana Ferguson to testify in the upcoming trial in Moody County of Eric Hagen, a consultant who helped the tribe set up a growing facility, Argus Leader Media reported (http://argusne.ws/2qgkIAl ).

Ferguson joined lawmakers and journalists on a tour of the facility in October 2015, when the tribe was planning to open a recreational marijuana resort to spur economic development. The tribe abandoned the project under fire from state officials, including Attorney General Marty Jackley, saying it had burned the plants.

Arizona Legislature OKs bill shielding student press rights

Arizona lawmakers passed legislation to on Tuesday sent legislation to shield high school and college level journalists across the state from administrative censorship for work under their school-sponsored media.

The Arizona Senate unanimously approved the amended measure after all legislators in the chamber voted for the original bill in February.

Loopholes in South Carolina's public records law could be closed

Legislation closing loopholes in South Carolina's open records law is poised to becoming law without a "crown jewel" provision that would have made it easy and inexpensive for people to force obstinate government agencies to turn over public documents.

An 89-0 vote in the House sent the bill to Gov. Henry McMaster. He says he'll sign it, capping a seven-year effort to strengthen public access to government records.

The Senate approved the bill hours earlier after stripping out the section creating a state hearing officer to settle disputes over requested information.

Idaho asks appeals court to uphold ban on spying at farms

Idaho has asked a federal appeals court to reinstate its ban on spying at farms, dairies and slaughterhouses after a lower court judge sided with animal rights activists who said the ban violated free speech rights.

Idaho lawmakers in 2014 made it a criminal offense to enter agricultural facilities by misrepresentation to gain access to records or to make undercover audio or video recordings. The state's large dairy industry had complained that videos of cows being abused at a southern Idaho dairy unfairly hurt business.

Animal rights activists, civil rights groups and media organizations sued, saying the law criminalized a long tradition of undercover journalism and would require people who expose wrongdoing to pay restitution to the businesses they target.

Seven states have similar measures — Kansas, North Dakota, Montana, Iowa, Utah, Missouri and North Carolina. Legal challenges are pending in Utah and North Carolina.

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • May 10, 2017

Arizona Daily Star: Most hard drugs smuggled through legal crossing points

Amid the daily traffic of workers, shoppers and truck drivers crossing the border on March 21, a customs officer in Nogales noticed a driver acting nervously. A density meter and a drug-sniffing dog led customs officers to 2 pounds of cocaine, 15 pounds of heroin and 17 pounds of methamphetamine stashed inside the speaker box in the Chevrolet Malibu’s trunk, federal court records show. Cases involving hard drugs seized at the U.S.-Mexico border regularly appear in U.S. District Court in Tucson. They also regularly appear in political rhetoric about border security and the opioid epidemic that has claimed tens of thousands of lives in recent years. On April 24, President Trump tweeted: “The Wall is a very important tool in stopping drugs from pouring into our country and poisoning our youth (and many others)! If the wall is not built, which it will be, the drug situation will NEVER be fixed the way it should be!” While Trump proposes building a wall to stop drugs from crossing the border and hiring thousands more Border Patrol agents, U.S. Customs and Border Protection statistics obtained by the Arizona Daily Star through a public-records request suggest the rhetoric coming from the White House reflects a misunderstanding of how and where hard drugs cross the border. CBP statistics show 81 percent of the 265,500 pounds of hard drugs caught at the U.S.-Mexico border from fiscal year 2012 to fiscal year 2016 were stopped by customs officers at ports of entry, rather than by Border Patrol agents working in the desert and wilderness between ports.

Read more: http://tucson.com/news/local/border/most-hard-drugs-smuggled-through-legal-border-crossings/article_46653d40-7f63-5102-bb38-38da58c06a76.html

Judge refuses to seal filings in wrongful imprisonment case

RALEIGH, North Carolina  — A federal judge in North Carolina rejected requests to seal details in a lawsuit concerning a child murder investigation that led to two brothers being wrongfully imprisoned for three decades, and in a proposed monetary settlement with some investigators.

Five news organizations, including The Associated Press, had asked U.S. District Judge Terrence Boyle for access to documents that were filed confidentially in the lawsuit by Henry McCollum and a representative of his half brother, Leon Brown.

A lawyer representing the brothers had sought to permanently seal some documents in the lawsuit and in a settlement between the brothers and the town where 11-year-old Sabrina Buie was slain in 1983.

The News & Observer of Raleigh, The Fayetteville Observer, The Charlotte Observer and WTVD-TV were the other news outlets asking to intervene in the case and oppose keeping lawsuit documents under seal.

AP: GOP chairman warns agencies about requests for records

A House Republican chairman has told a dozen government agencies to exclude communications with his committee from requests made by news organizations, advocacy groups and others through the Freedom of Information Act.

In a series of letters, Rep. Jeb Hensarling of Texas said communications the agencies had with members of his panel and committee staff should not be released, arguing that it often includes sensitive and confidential information.

"All such documents and communications constitute congressional records not 'agency records' for purposes of the Freedom of Information Act, and remain subject to congressional control even when in the physical possession of the" agency, Hensarling wrote in one April 3 letter to Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin.

Records and material from the executive branch are subject to requests under the 1967 Freedom of Information Act. Congress, which wrote the law, has exempted itself.

Hensarling's letter to the Treasury Department was first reported by BuzzFeed. The Associated Press obtained additional letters that the Republican lawmaker sent to other agencies within the jurisdiction of his Financial Services Committee.

Colorado governor approves public records mediation

Colorado has a new law encouraging citizens and state agencies to resolve public records disputes outside court.

Gov. John Hickenlooper signed the bill into law. It offers mediation as an option when a citizen wants to challenge a government agency's denial of his or her request for public records.

Under Colorado's Open Records Act, such challenges must go to court — an expense that deters many from pursuing their requests.

The new law keeps that court option. But it also requires the record-keeper to contact the citizen to determine if the dispute can be resolved outside of court, including through mediation.

AP: Iowa regulator used state email for legal work

A powerful Iowa regulator used her government email to conduct private business for her personal law practice and claimed sick leave on a day when she attended a client's court hearing, which are both apparent violations of state rules.

Documents obtained by The Associated Press under the open records law reveal that Iowa Utilities Board chairwoman Geri Huser used her state account this year to send messages to employees of her law firm, violating state email rules and jeopardizing confidential legal information. They also show she claimed paid sick leave Feb. 6, even though she participated in a court hearing for a legal client that afternoon.

The AP disclosed in March that Huser has operated a busy estate law practice while holding a $128,900-per year state job that has power over utilities, their customers and energy policy.

AP: Georgia losing patience with drug treatment tourists

In the northwest corner of Georgia, where cows and crops vastly outnumber people, a small cluster of privately owned treatment centers has sprung up in recent years for heroin and prescription painkiller addicts.

And most of the patients aren't even from the state.

Relaxed rules in Georgia and stricter regulations in Tennessee created a recipe for the facilities to locate a few miles from the state line. Each year, the Georgia centers draw thousands of addicts from Tennessee, some who drive for hours to get treatment. Locals are fed up with the onslaught of out-of-towners who pick up their meds and leave, and they complained so loudly that Georgia legislators recently passed a law essentially preventing any new clinics from opening up in the area.

Georgia leads the South in number of treatment centers with 71. Florida, with twice the population, has 69.

Last year, one in five people treated at an opioid treatment center in Georgia came from out of state, according to state Department of Behavioral Health and Developmental Disabilities records obtained by The Associated Press under an open records request. In the northwest corner of Georgia, two out of every three patients were from out of state.

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • May 4, 2017

St. Louis Post-Dispatch: Man hung in cell for hours at St. Louis lockup while guards streamed Netflix

Missouri Department of Corrections employees streamed Netflix movies on state computers, used personal cellphones on duty and skipped security checks at a facility while an offender there hanged himself and lay dead in a cell for 10 hours. Surveillance footage captured it all, offering evidence that workers weren’t checking on the man even while filling out a log claiming they had. The findings are revealed in a department investigation into the Oct. 24 discovery of David Garceau at the St. Louis Community Release Center, 1621 North First Street. Paramedics pronounced him dead at 5:27 a.m. that day, but he died several hours before. The department investigation found inconsistencies in staff assignments and other mishaps in the unit leading up to Garceau’s death and the time before his body was found, according to an abridged portion of an inspector general’s report. That report was completed Jan. 31 and obtained last week by the Post-Dispatch through an open records request.

Read more: http://www.stltoday.com/news/local/crime-and-courts/man-hung-in-cell-for-hours-at-st-louis-lockup/article_198d0a9c-21f1-545a-b08e-622929aed169.html

Minneapolis Star Tribune: Police tech tools outrun the law

Law enforcement agents are deploying an onslaught of new technology to collect information on criminals and unsuspecting citizens alike. Body cameras. Cellphone hacking devices. License plate scanners. Software that can identify faces in surveillance video. It’s all giving authorities in Minnesota and across the country broader and deeper access than ever to data on individuals who often have no clue how information about them is gathered, stored and shared. But the rapid emergence of such tech tools also is raising alarm about the extent of surveillance — and how laws safeguarding data and guaranteeing public access to it are failing to keep up.

Meanwhile, law enforcement agencies are increasingly reluctant to disclose what’s in their high-tech arsenal.

Read more: http://www.startribune.com/police-s-new-arsenal-of-technology-to-watch-criminals-and-citizens/420760943/

Spicer: White House 'looking into' libel laws

The White House is "looking into" ways to potentially change the nation's libel laws to make it easier to go after reporters whose stories they deem inaccurate, The Associated Press reports.

That's according to President Trump's chief spokesman Sean Spicer who told reporters during a briefing that: "that is something that is being looked into, substantively and then both logistically how it would happen."

Trump had pledged during his campaign to "open up" the nation's libel laws — a process that could not be accomplished by the White House. That would require a constitutional amendment or a reversal of Supreme Court precedent interpreting the First Amendment.

White House Chief of Staff Reince Priebus told ABC on Sunday that the issue has been discussed — but cautioned that "how that gets executed or whether that goes anywhere is a different story."

Trump repeatedly threatened news outlets with lawsuits during his campaign and first lady Melania Trump last month reached a multi-million dollar settlement with the publisher of the Daily Mail newspaper for reporting rumors about her time as a model.

Poynter: New report from Index on Censorship paints a bleak picture for U.S. press freedom

The press freedom situation in the United States is worsening not only because of President Trump's anti-press rhetoric but because of a constellation of factors including arrests, detainment, lawsuits, physical violence and outright censorship, according to a new report.

The report, released by the London-based Index on Censorship this week, chronicles the recent threats to journalist safety and freedom of expression and takes a holistic view of a worsening press freedom climate.

"Smears about the media made by U.S. President Donald Trump have obscured a wider problem with press freedom in the United States: namely widespread and low-level animosity that feeds into the everyday working lives of the nation’s journalists, bloggers and media professionals," reads the introduction to the report. "This study examines documented reports from across the country in the six months leading up to the presidential inauguration and the months after. It clearly shows that threats to U.S. press freedom go well beyond the Oval Office."

Candidate Trump exhibited anti-press behavior on the campaign trail by blacklisting news organizations, denigrating reporters and encouraging his supporters to berate journalists, and his administration has also occasionally muddled reality by presenting what White House aide Kellyanne Conway dubbed “alternative facts,” according to the report.

Media: Proposed rule could block public from court records

NASHVILLE, Tennessee — Lawyers for several media organizations are raising concerns that that a proposed new court rule could bar both citizens and the press from getting court records.

Some against proposed Supreme Court Rule 34 have written letters saying they worry that the language in it gives new powers to lower courts to block the public from seeing records.

The Tennessee Bar Association raises concerns that the current language of the draft would allow lower courts to create a patchwork of exemptions to the public records act around the state.

There is criticism that the language is overly broad and records that should be public could be closed as a result of the wording.

One of the attorney's letters said the proposal doesn't say what citizens should do when they're denied records.

Google targets 'fake news,' offensive search suggestions

SAN FRANCISCO — Google has sprinkled some new ingredients into its search engine in an effort to prevent bogus information and offensive suggestions from souring its results.

The changes have been in the works for four months, but Google hadn't publicly discussed most of them until recently. The announcement in a blog post reflects Google's confidence in a new screening system designed to reduce the chances that its influential search engine will highlight untrue stories about people and events, a phenomenon commonly referred to as "fake news."

"It's not a problem that is going to go all the way to zero, but we now think we can stay a step ahead of things," said Ben Gomes, Google's vice president of engineering for search.

Besides taking steps to block fake news from appearing in its search results, Google also has reprogrammed a popular feature that automatically tries to predict what a person is looking for as a search request as being typed. The tool, called "autocomplete," has been overhauled to omit derogatory suggestions, such as "are women evil," or recommendations that promote violence.

Albuquerque police using Facebook to attack judges, media

ALBUQUERQUE, New Mexico — The Albuquerque Police Department is using its official Facebook page to criticize area judges and local news media.

The Albuquerque Journal reports (https://goo.gl/EKFlRl) in recent months the department has used its social media page to highlight specific actions by judges and the media. In some posts, Albuquerque police criticize them and have attracted hundreds of harsh comments from the public.

Some user comments have called for violence against judges or accused reporters of crimes.

Albuquerque police spokeswoman Celina Espinoza says there is a lot of finger-pointing over the city's crime rates and the police are only trying to tell "the whole story."

Heath Haussamen, a board member of the Rio Grande Chapter of the Society of Professional Journalists, says said the chapter opposes the department's use of social media as its main medium for distributing information.

News outlets including AP sue state House GOP Caucus

COLUMBIA, South Carolina — A coalition of news outlets including The Associated Press has sued the state House Republican Caucus in South Carolina to gain access to information about an investigation into possible Statehouse corruption.

The lawsuit asks a judge to declare that the caucus is a public body subject to the state's Freedom of Information Act, and as such, should make its records and meetings public.

Caucus attorney Mark Moore said he hasn't reviewed the lawsuit but is comfortable with the caucus's legal positions.

The AP sought a copy of the state grand jury's subpoena of House GOP records and all documents the caucus provided for Solicitor David Pascoe's investigation. Moore has not yet responded to that FOIA request.

The caucus has denied a request from The State newspaper to view payment records to the firms of Richard Quinn and his son, Rep. Rick Quinn, who, as former majority leader, led the caucus from 1999 through 2004.

Richard Quinn declined Thursday to comment on the case or lawsuit. Rick Quinn did not immediately return a telephone call seeking comment.

The coalition also includes The State newspaper of Columbia, The Post and Courier of Charleston, The Greenville News, the South Carolina Press Association, and South Carolina Broadcasters Association.

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION • April 27, 2017

Former Milwaukee officer subject of multiple investigations

A former police officer whose fatal shooting of a black man sparked riots in Milwaukee last summer was the subject of multiple internal investigations during his short career, according to his recently released personnel file. The Milwaukee Police Department released Dominique Heaggan-Brown's file to The Associated Press through an open records request. The documents show most of the allegations against him were relatively minor and were resolved with orders to review department ethics policies. But the file also suggests early concerns about his judgment, years before he was charged with reckless homicide in last year's shooting and sexual assault in a separate case.

Read more: http://www.nydailynews.com/newswires/news/national/milwaukee-officer-subject-multiple-investigations-article-1.3076450

1995 tweak to Washington state law exempts lawmakers from disclosure

When rejecting requests for everything from lawmakers' daily calendars to emails to disciplinary reports, legislative attorneys routinely cite language quietly added more than two decades ago to Washington's public records law. So while the records of elected officials ranging from school board members to county commissioners are subject to public disclosure state lawmakers point to a legislative tweak passed without fanfare in 1995 as the genesis for their self-proclaimed exemption. The 1995 language says public records held by the secretary of the Senate and the chief clerk of the House are considered "legislative records" as defined under a 1971 statute. Critics say that exemption for state lawmakers violates the spirit of Washington's open records laws.

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION • April 18, 2017

Secrecy of public hospital records at issue in Ga. Supreme Court case

The Georgia Supreme Court heard arguments April 17 in a high-profile case that will determine whether Northside Hospital can keep its business secret — even though it operates a hospital that is owned by the public. The case is being closely watched because it could influence the public’s ability to access the records of public hospitals across Georgia that are operated by non-profit organizations. A Georgia court ruling in 1995 established that non-profits carrying out the duties of a public hospital authority are subject to the Georgia Open Records Act. For years, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution and other members of the news media and the public used this ruling to obtain records from hospitals around the state through requests made under the act, also known as the state’s “sunshine law.”

Read more: http://www.myajc.com/news/local-govt--politics/secrecy-public-hospital-records-issue-supreme-court-case/Qhdda3H3lpV9AEIAaCiWuM/

Report: School chief spent tax money on ads, custom framing

The superintendent of the Connecticut Technical High School system reportedly used taxpayer funds to pay for a never-used advertising campaign, custom framing of her college diplomas and a photo shoot, among other things. Nivea Torres is on paid leave from her $169,000-a-year job while the state investigates more than $4.5 million in payments the system has made since 2014 to a marketing firm called The Pita Group. The Hartford Courant reported Friday (http://cour.at/2pfRjWU ) that documents obtained in an open records request show Torres paid Pita about $42,000 to produce the unused advertising campaign; more than $3,400 for a photo shoot of students at the Ellis Technical School in Danielson and nearly $760 to frame four items, including her college diplomas. Gregg Adler, Torres' attorney, has said she did nothing wrong.

Company: Nebraska shouldn't have gotten death penalty drug

A German pharmaceutical manufacturer whose drugs ended up in Nebraska's lethal injection supply never intended for state officials to obtain them and tried unsuccessfully to get the corrections department to return them, a company spokesman said Thursday, April 13. Nebraska's corrections department was only able to buy potassium chloride in 2015 because one of its U.S. distributors made a mistake, said Fresenius Kabi spokesman Matt Kuhn. His comments came after The Associated Press asked whether company officials were aware that the Nebraska Department of Correctional Services had bought their product for use as a lethal injection drug. The AP identified the manufacturer through an open records request, but a bill slated for debate in the Legislature would allow the state to hide the identities of its suppliers.

Read more: http://www.whig.com/article/20170413/AP/304139764

Wage theft in Colorado no longer a secret

Colorado Gov. John Hickenlooper has signed into law a bill that allows the public to know if an employer steals wages from his or her workers. Democratic Rep. Jessie Danielson's measure includes these wage violations under Colorado's Open Records Act. The law, signed Thursday, April 12, allows citizens to find out if they're doing business with, or considering a job with, an offender. Such cases, decided by state labor officials, were considered trade secrets under a century-old law. State officials say there were 274 wage claim violations last year. Danielson says the law "will empower honest, hard-working Coloradans and level the playing field for businesses that do right by their employees." Republican John Cooke sponsored the bill in the Senate.

Florida House: University boosters need to open books

Florida's college athletic booster groups and university foundations would be forced to open their records to the public under a bill passed by the Florida House. The Florida House voted 115-0 Thursday, April 12 to change a state law that allows university groups to keep most of their records private. If it becomes law athletic boosters and university foundations could only keep information on the names of donors secret. The bill heads to the Florida Senate. The legislation also prevents colleges and universities from using taxpayer money to pay for people who work for direct support organizations, which usually raise money to help pay for athletics and other university operations. The House has been scrutinizing university spending and requested private records that showed how much university foundations spend on travel and salaries.

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION • April 13, 2017

Bill to keep many 911 calls secret has been blocked in Iowa

An Iowa bill that would have eliminated public access to many 911 calls is dead this session. Caleb Hunter, a spokesman for the Iowa Senate's Republican majority, confirmed Monday, April 10, the legislation has been taken off the debate calendar. The bill would've declared that 911 calls involving injured victims are medical records and exempt from Iowa's open records law. All calls regarding minors also would have been confidential. The legislation was introduced in response to the release of 911 calls to The Associated Press that exposed a string of gun accidents in Iowa. While the bill was approved unanimously in the Iowa House, opposition mounted after the AP reported on it. Hunter says some Republicans had concerns about the bill's impact on body cameras, since the measure included language regarding video.

Senate approves Colorado public records mediation

A bill encouraging citizens and state agencies to resolve public records disputes outside court is headed to the governor's desk. The Senate passed the bill Monday 35-0. It offers mediation as an option when a citizen wants to challenge a government agency's denial of his or her request for public records. Under Colorado's Open Records Act, such challenges must go to court — an expense that deters many from pursuing their requests. The new bill keeps that court option. But it also requires the record-keeper to contact the citizen to determine if the dispute can be resolved outside of court, including through mediation. The bill's sponsors include Republican Rep. Cole Wist, Democratic Rep. Alec Garnett and Republican Sen. John Cooke.

Georgia professor wrestles his university over open records

A professor at Valdosta State University at Valdosta, Georgia, is wrestling with administrators at the south Georgia campus over his requests to review public documents that reference him by name. The Valdosta Daily Times reports (http://bit.ly/2o2Q2zD ) assistant nursing professor Myron Faircloth asked the university in February for three years of documents that are considered public records under Georgia law. He says he was attempting to discover whether fellow faculty members had made negative comments about him. University officials told Faircloth fulfilling the request would cost him $7,000. He narrowed it to cover a six-month period and was told he would still be charged $1,000. The university said in a statement it needed to charge for review and redaction of legally protected personnel or student information. Faircloth sent another revised request this month.

Text messages show tension between Walker, Vos

Text messages between Gov. Scott Walker and fellow Republican Assembly Speaker Robin Vos released Friday reveal private tensions over the state budget, adding another layer to increasingly terse inter-party bickering over the spending plan.

Copies of the messages were released Friday by the governor's office to The Associated Press and other news outlets under the open records law. They come a day after Vos and other GOP legislative leaders publicly rejected Walker's plan for roads funding and tossed 83 policy items from his two-year spending plan, a rare move that hasn't happened in at least 24 years. Republicans control state government with their largest majorities in the Legislature in decades and Walker is preparing for a likely run at a third term next year. But they are battling over Walker's budget proposal.

Read more: https://www.usnews.com/news/best-states/wisconsin/articles/2017-04-07/text-messages-show-tension-between-walker-vos

Appeals court sides with Kansas in open records lawsuit

A Kansas appeals court panel has ruled that the state does not have to make public applications for two county commission openings filled by Gov. Sam Brownback.

The Court of Appeals sided Friday, April 7, with the state in the lawsuit brought by The Salina Journal and The Associated Press seeking the disclosure of information on more than two dozen applicants for newly created Saline County Commission seats. A three-judge panel agreed with the governor's office that those are personnel records exempt from the state's open records law. The AP and the newspaper argued that the applicant's names and other details are public information. Shawnee County District Judge's Rebecca Crotty ruled in December 2015 in favor of AP and the newspaper, prompting the state to appeal. The appellate decision overturns Crotty's ruling.

Lawmakers table bill extending FOIA to nonresidents

Legislation allowing nonresidents of Delaware to request public records under the state's Freedom of Information Act ran into a roadblock Wednesday, April 5, in the General Assembly. Currently, public bodies do not have to respond to FOIA requests from anyone who is not a resident of Delaware. The proposed legislation, which was tabled in committee Wednesday, would remove that restriction while allowing state agencies and public bodies to charge higher fees to nonresidents, as long as they reasonably reflect the costs needed to defray expenses. As initially written, the legislation also added language to the current law allowing anyone attending an open meeting of a public body to make audio and video recordings, as long as doing so is not disruptive.

Read more: http://newsok.com/lawmakers-table-bill-extending-foia-to-nonresidents/article/feed/1198335

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION • April 5, 2017

Opposition grows to Iowa bill making many 911 calls secret

Civil rights groups, media advocates and some lawmakers are opposing an Iowa bill that would end public access to many 911 calls, a broadly-worded measure that also could shield some police videos. The bill declares that 911 calls involving injured people are confidential "medical records" and exempt from Iowa's open records law. The secrecy would apply to audio and video "not limited to" the call recordings themselves, a clause that critics fear could apply to videos documenting the aftermath of officer-involved shootings. Calls made by minors under the age of 18 or about minors would also become secret.The bill passed the Iowa House unanimously with little debate, with backers saying it would protect medical privacy and the privacy of children. But a chorus of opposition has emerged as the Senate considers whether to schedule it for a vote, the final approval needed before going to Gov. Terry Branstad.

Read more: http://www.mcclatchydc.com/news/politics-government/national-politics/article142425224.html

ACLU opposes bill keeping many 911 calls secret in Iowa

The American Civil Liberties Union of Iowa is opposing a bill moving quickly through the Legislature that would block public access to 911 calls involving injuries. The nonprofit registered against the bill Friday, one day after The Associated Press reported about the legislation. The bill would declare that audio, video and transcripts of 911 calls involving injured victims of crimes or accidents are confidential medical records and exempt from the Iowa open records law. Calls involving minors would automatically be confidential. Republican Rep. Dean Fisher says the bill was crafted after the AP sought 911 calls that shed light on gun violence in an Iowa county. Fisher says medical privacy outweighs the public's right-to-know.

ACLU legal director Rita Bettis says 911 calls provide accountability on law enforcement and private organizations.

In open-records suit, governor’s lawyer questions media expectations

An attorney for New Mexico Gov. Susana Martinez suggested March 29 in a state courtroom in Santa Fe that Martinez has no obligation to speak with reporters. The governor, her public information staff and campaign spokesmen have boasted repeatedly for years that Martinez operates the “most transparent administration” in the history of the state. But on the opening day of a First District Court trial over a civil lawsuit alleging the administration violated public records law, attorney Paul Kennedy aggressively questioned journalists on the witness stand about why they believed the governor was obligated to talk to them. More than once as he was questioning former reporters and a former editor of Santa Fe Reporter, which filed a lawsuit in 2013, Kennedy referred to the “journalism racket.” The Reporter’s suit accuses Martinez of violating the state’s open-records law by not providing documents requested by the weekly newspaper’s staff and by regularly failing to reply to requests for comments for stories.

Read more: http://www.santafenewmexican.com/news/local_news/in-open-records-trial-governor-s-lawyer-questions-media-expectations/article_6736ec42-ef1a-53d9-bd38-bd9f66dab93b.html

NJ Judge removes order blocking newspaper from reporting on boy

A New Jersey judge has overturned an order preventing a newspaper from reporting on a child services complaint involving a kindergarten student who brought drugs to school twice. Judge Lawrence De Bello ruled March March 27 that he found no evidence to support the state's argument that a reporter for the Trentonian newspaper illegally obtained the complaint from the boy's mother. Government lawyers sought the injunction against the newspaper, saying child welfare complaints must be kept confidential under state law. The state had alleged that Trentonian reporter Isaac Avilucea stole the complaint from the mother, but he said she knew he was reporting on the story and gave it to him. She had met with him at his office earlier in the day.

Read more:http://www.foxnews.com/us/2017/03/30/judge-removes-order-blocking-newspaper-from-reporting-on-boy.html

Colorado wage theft bill headed to governor's desk

Thanks to a bill that's headed to the governor's desk, Coloradans soon can find out if an employer cheated his or her workers on wages. For decades, any finding by Colorado labor officials that an employer engaged in wage theft has been considered a trade secret that's off-limits to the public. But the Senate on March 28 approved the bill that would include those findings under Colorado's Open Records Act. The House previously passed the legislation. It would allow citizens to know if they are patronizing or considering employment with an offender. It also would level the playing field for the vast majority of employers who abide by wage, overtime and other pay laws or contracts. The bill is sponsored by Democratic Rep. Jessie Danielson and Republican Sen. John Cooke.

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION • March 31, 2017

 News service sues Vermont over access to new lawsuits

A California-based news service has filed a lawsuit against the Vermont court system, alleging it improperly conceals newly filed lawsuits in violation of the public's right to access court records under the First Amendment. The Burlington Free Press reports ( ) the suit filed by Courthouse News Service in federal court says Vermont is the only state in the U.S. that keeps most lawsuits secret until after the papers have been served on defendants. The suit claims that process can lead to months of delays in disclosing new cases. The lawsuit is asking a federal judge to declare the state's confidentiality rules unconstitutional and order state court personnel to provide immediate access to newly filed lawsuits.

Megan Shafritz, of the Vermont Attorney General's office, says the state intends to defend the current practice.

Kentucky attorney general seeks to intervene in records lawsuit

Kentucky Attorney General Andy Beshear is asking to intervene in another open records dispute between a university and student publications. Beshear said in a statement on Thursday that he filed a motion to intervene in a lawsuit filed by Western Kentucky University against its student newspaper, the College Heights Herald, and the Kentucky Kernel, the student newspaper at the University of Kentucky. At issue is the university's refusal to turn over records related to investigations into allegations of sexual misconduct. In January, Beshear found Western violated open records law by denying the records to the publications. Western then challenged Beshear's decision by suing the student newspapers since a university cannot sue the attorney general. Beshear is also seeking to intervene in a similar lawsuit filed by Kentucky State University.

Lawsuit challenges Arkansas execution secrecy

A lawsuit contends Arkansas is violating the state's open records law and its own execution policy by refusing to release documents proving they obtained lethal drugs from legitimate sources ahead of four double-executions set for next month.

Steven Shults says he can no longer receive product labels from the Arkansas Department of Correction. The agency used to release the material, but said it will no longer do so after The Associated Press used the label's distinct typography to unmask the manufacturers in 2015. Heather Zachary, a lawyer for Shults, that with Arkansas' history of once acquiring drugs from a company located in the back of a London driving school, it's important for the state to reveal its sources. The prison department says the drugs were manufactured and are FDA-approved.

Ohio court rejects media request for autopsies of 8 slain

An appeals court in Chillicothe, Ohio, court has rejected a newspaper's request for access to coroner's office evidence regarding eight Ohio massacre victims. The Cincinnati Enquirer asked the Pike County Coroner for preliminary autopsy and investigative notes and other material for the victims of last year's still unsolved killings. At issue before the 4th District Court of Appeals was a reporter's right to invoke an exception to state law that shields such preliminary information. The court in Chillicothe ruled against the newspaper last week, saying the information is protected as "confidential law enforcement investigatory records." Jack Greiner, an attorney representing the newspaper, called the ruling disappointing. The Ohio Supreme Court is considering a separate request from the Enquirer and the Columbus Dispatch for the complete autopsy reports.

Colorado public records mediation bill going to Senate

Colorado's House has unanimously approved a bill offering mediation to those disputing a denial of a public record request under the Colorado Open Records Act.

The House voted 65-0 on Wednesday, March 22,  to send the bill to the Senate. The bill by Republican Rep. Cole Wist and Democratic Rep. Alec Garnett provides an alternative to costly court challenges of records denials. It would encourage both parties to agree on a solution before going to court. At least 26 states have mediation procedures to resolve public records disputes.

Senate sends amended electronic records bill to House

Colorado's Senate has approved a bill directing government agencies to deliver requested public records in electronic formats that can be read by computer. The Republican-led Senate voted 21-14 on Wednesday, March 22, to send Democratic Sen. John Kefalas' bill to the House. Kefalas' legislation seeks to make it easier for citizens to analyze information in public documents they obtain under the Colorado Open Records Act. It requires agencies to provide information in most cases in computer-readable formats. The Senate amended the bill to have CORA apply to the judiciary, which courts have ruled is not covered by the act. Majority House Democrats oppose the amendment, saying the judiciary has its own public records rules. But House co-sponsor Dan Pabon, a Denver Democrat, says House lawmakers will carefully consider the amendment.

Health company appealing orders on records, legal costs

A company that formerly provided medical services to New Mexico prison inmates is appealing court orders for disclosure of certain records and for payment of legal fees of two newspapers and an advocacy group seeking the records. The Santa Fe New Mexican (https://goo.gl/yLFtAy ) reports that state District Judge Raymond Ortiz ruled this month that Corizon Health must pay $37,535 to attorneys for the New Mexican, the Albuquerque Journal and the Foundation for Open Government.

Ortiz ruled that payment is required because the newspapers and the foundation successfully sued to enforce the state Open Records Act. Ortiz had ruled last August that the records of settlement agreements between Corizon and prisoners who sued the company were subject to disclosure. The state last year announced it wasn't renewing Corizon's four-year contract.

Open records plan not meant to violate law, mayor says

Oscar Leeser, the mayor of El Paso, Texas,  has asked city attorneys to study how the city can more efficiently address open records requests, saying his original proposal was not meant to violate state open records laws. "If we could be more transparent and easier for everybody that would be ideal," Leeser said during Tuesday's City Council meeting. "This is to be more transparent and to get them up quicker. We are not looking to violate anything." Leeser initially proposed releasing records requested by any one media organizations to all news outlets at the same time. He argued that was meant to prevent duplicate requests and ensure each news organization receives the same documents. Open records experts with the Freedom of Information Foundation of Texas told the El Paso Times that the proposal would violate the “uniform treatment” provision of the Texas Public Information Act by discriminating against requests made by the news media.

Read more: http://www.elpasotimes.com/story/news/local/2017/03/21/open-records-plan-not-meant-violate-law-mayor-says/99457622/

Kentucky AG seeks to intervene in open records case

Kentucky Attorney General Andy Beshear wants to join in an open records dispute between Kentucky State University and a student newspaper. Beshear's office said Tuesday, March 21, he filed a motion in Franklin Circuit Court seeking to intervene.

At issue is KSU's refusal to turn over records related to an investigation into allegations of sexual misconduct. The University of Kentucky's student newspaper is seeking the records. In January, Beshear found KSU violated open records law by denying the records to a Kentucky Kernel reporter. KSU challenged Beshear's decision by suing the student newspaper since a university cannot sue the attorney general. Beshear's office says KSU refused to provide the records to the AG's office for confidential review. Beshear says KSU's lawsuit is an attack on transparency laws. KSU did not immediately comment.

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION • March 23, 2017

Media lawyers ask judge to lift gag order in teacher slaying

Attorneys for several media organizations asked a judge March 16 to lift a gag order in the case of a slain Georgia high school teacher who vanished nearly 12 years ago. Superior Court Judge Melanie B. Cross said she expects to rule in about a week. Her order prohibits attorneys, investigators, potential witnesses and even family members of the victim and suspects from publicly discussing the slaying of Tara Grinstead. Grinstead went missing from her home in rural Irwin County in October 2005. Her disappearance went unexplained for more than a decade until the Georgia Bureau of Investigation last month announced it had arrested 33-year-old Ryan Alexander Duke on charges that he killed the former teacher at Irwin County High School.

Read more: http://www.ledger-enquirer.com/news/state/georgia/article138935503.html

Secret police possible at Arkansas Capitol, perhaps colleges

The agency that protects Arkansas' state Capitol and grounds now has the authority to operate in secret after the governor let a Freedom of Information exemption become law without his signature. The measure, Senate Bill 131, was intended to close loopholes that some believed would let anyone access security assignments and becomes law without the signature of Republican Gov. Asa Hutchinson. "He did not sign SB131. Too broad," Hutchinson spokesman J.R. Davis said without elaboration. As the bill is written, it would prevent disclosure of any information about the force: its size, its racial or gender makeup or any officer's salary. A similar bill extending privacy to police forces at state-funded colleges and universities received final passage in the Senate March 14.

Read more: http://abcnews.go.com/US/wireStory/secret-police-arkansas-capitol-colleges-46129670

Colorado public records bill heads to Senate for debate

A state Senate committee approved a bill March 14 to modernize Colorado's Open Records Act and left intact a Republican amendment to have it apply to the judiciary, which courts have determined is not covered by the act. That decision by the Appropriations Committee could jeopardize the bill's chances of passing. Both the judicial branch and majority House Democrats oppose expanding the act to cover the judicial branch, which has its own rules for public disclosure. They say the amendment complicates a bill designed to expedite records requests, not to change the rules for which types of records can be disclosed. Democratic Sen. John Kefalas' bill would allow citizens to obtain and analyze public documents by requiring state agencies to provide them, with some exceptions, in their original, computer-friendly electronic formats, rather than forcing requesters to pore over paper or PDF documents.

Read more: https://www.usnews.com/news/best-states/colorado/articles/2017-03-14/public-records-bill-heads-to-senate-for-debate

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION • March 15, 2017

Obama's final year: US spent $36 million in records lawsuits

The Obama administration in its final year in office spent a record $36.2 million on legal costs defending its refusal to turn over federal records under the Freedom of Information Act, according to an Associated Press analysis of new U.S. data that also showed poor performance in other categories measuring transparency in government. For a second consecutive year, the Obama administration set a record for times federal employees told citizens, journalists and others that despite searching they couldn't find a single page of files that were requested. And it set records for outright denial of access to files, refusing to quickly consider requests described as especially newsworthy, and forcing people to pay for records who had asked the government to waive search and copy fees.

Read more: http://hosted2.ap.org/APDEFAULT/3d281c11a96b4ad082fe88aa0db04305/Article_2017-03-14-US--Sunshine%20Week-Freedom%20of%20Information/id-60d697cf0ba549cc8a867e78527d3332

Arkansas open records advocates fear major change in FOI law

In the 50 years since Republican Gov. Winthrop Rockefeller's signature enacted one of the nation's strongest laws ensuring government openness, legislators have carved out fewer than two dozen exemptions to the Arkansas Freedom of Information Act. This year alone, state legislators have filed bills to create another dozen exemptions and make it harder to find other records. In what's being called an unprecedented assault on the public's access to government records, legislators have already authorized a secret police force at the state Capitol and could soon extend the same privacy to those who patrol Arkansas' state-run colleges and universities. While President Donald Trump has labeled journalists the "enemy of the people," a Democratic lawmaker said the effort to weaken Arkansas' FOI began much earlier. State government workers complained at the Capitol last year that it had become burdensome to comply with information requests.

Read more: https://www.usnews.com/news/best-states/arkansas/articles/2017-03-12/arkansas-open-records-advocates-fear-major-change-in-foi-law

Early reviews positive for new records law in Massachusetts

In the nearly three months since an overhauled Massachusetts Public Records Law took effect, the state's supervisor of public records has responded to over 80 percent more appeals than in the same time period last year, according to the agency's online database. The new law, which went into effect Jan. 1, requires agencies and towns to respond to requests for records within 10 days and limits how much an agency can charge for preparing these records. This is the first time the state's records law has been updated since 1973. Attorney Jeffrey J. Pyle, of the Boston law firm Prince Lobel Tye, said the increase in appeals to public record request responses from last year to this year indicates that the public is testing the new measures. "It tends to suggest that people are making more use of the law and are eager to test out the new enforcement," Pyle said.

Read more: http://www.capecodtimes.com/news/20170312/sunshine-week-early-reviews-positive-for-new-records-law

Wisconsin superintendent candidate chastised over bleacher donation

State superintendent candidate Lowell Holtz was chastised by the school board where he most recently worked for donating football field bleachers to a nearby private school his children attended without notifying the board, personnel records show. The records also show he was at odds with the Whitnall School District board over his communication about a district employee who used a computer to facilitate a sex crime. Holtz retired in June as superintendent of Whitnall, in Greenfield, after clashing with the school board. Holtz faces two-term state superintendent Tony Evers in the April 4 election. Though it is officially nonpartisan, conservatives are lined up behind Holtz while liberals are backing Evers.Liberal advocacy group One Wisconsin Now received Holtz's personnel file through an open records request and provided them to The Associated Press.

Read more: https://www.usnews.com/news/best-states/wisconsin/articles/2017-03-13/superintendent-candidates-chastised-over-bleacher-donation

Michigan panel votes to open governor, lawmakers to records requests

Legislation advancing in the Michigan House would subject the governor and lawmakers to public-records requests. The bipartisan bills were approved March 9 by a Republican-led House committee. The votes set the stage for passage in the House next week during Sunshine Week — a celebration of access to public information. Advocates have said Michigan is one of just two states to wholly exempt the governor from open-records laws. It's among eight states where the legislature is explicitly exempt. The legislation would exempt communications between legislators and their constituents from being disclosed, except if the constituent is a lobbyist. Once the bills clear the House, they will face opposition in the GOP-controlled Senate, where Majority Leader Arlan Meekhof  opposes efforts to subject the governor's office and the Legislature to open-records requests.

Lawyer: Pence's AOL account adds new wrinkle to civil case

A lawyer suing Vice President Mike Pence for refusing to release public records as Indiana's governor says his case should get a fresh look after revelations that the Republican used a private AOL email account to conduct state business. Democratic attorney William Groth is asking Indiana's Supreme Court to send his lawsuit back to a lower court to examine the private emails. He cited recent news stories revealing details of Pence's use of the account. Groth said Tuesday he may seek additional records that should have been released after he filed a public records request. He previously sought documents sent to Republican governors in 2014, outlining a legal strategy for challenging then-President Barack Obama's immigration order. A spokesman for Pence says he "retained records in full compliance with Indiana law."

Newspaper editor provides open records training to Georgia officials

Members of the Hospital Authority of Valdosta and Lowndes County, Georgia, along with county government officials and staff, completed an open records and open meetings training session March 7. The workshop was presented by Jim Zachary, The Valdosta Daily Times editor and regional editor for its parent company Community Newspaper Holdings, Inc. Zachary has conducted open government symposiums across the state of Georgia, is the director of the Transparency Project of Georgia, a member of the board of directors of the Georgia First Amendment Foundation and holds the David E. Hudson Open Government Award, along with having received multiple awards from the Associated Press Media Editors and the Georgia Press Association for open government work.

Read more: http://www.valdostadailytimes.com/news/local_news/open-government-hospital-authority-county-leaders-complete-transparency-training/article_881c2ca4-17f1-5045-bf55-f879f663a91d.html

North Carolina court rules for school board over Times-News

The North Carolina Court of Appeals upheld a Superior Court decision March 7 rejecting the lawsuit by the Times-News, of Burlington, seeking records of school board discussions leading up to the departure of former Superintendent Lilli Cox.

“The court’s job is to read the public records law broadly to promote access,” said John Bussian III, the Times-News’ attorney,“ and this decision, if correct, shows why North Carolina’s public records access law keeps the public from knowing reasons for important government personnel decisions, unlike the law in more than 35 other states.” The unanimous Appeals Court opinion, written by Judge Chris Dillon, agreed with the argument of the Alamance-Burlington Board of Education that its redaction of large sections of the minutes of closed session meetings leading up to the board’s vote May 30, 2014, to accept Cox’s resignation were consistent with state open records and open meetings laws, and the exceptions for attorney-client privilege and personnel privacy.

Read more: http://www.thetimesnews.com/news/20170307/court-rules-for-school-board-over-times-news

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION • March 9, 2017

Pence fought against releasing records as Indiana governor

Vice President Mike Pence repeatedly stonewalled media requests to view public records when he was Indiana's governor, including emails about state business distributed from a private AOL account that was hacked last year. Revelations Pence used the account to discuss homeland security and other official matters, first reported Thursday, March 2, by the Indianapolis Star, are just the latest in a series of transparency battles involving the Republican's tenure as governor. The Star obtained the AOL emails through an open records request after new Republican Gov. Eric Holcomb agreed to release 29 pages from his predecessor's AOL account. The Associated Press filed a similar records request last July seeking the emails and followed up with a complaint against the governor's office in January when there was no response. Earlier this year, lawyers for Pence argued unsuccessfully in a civil case that Indiana courts had no authority to force him to comply with public records law.

Read more: http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/nationworld/politics/ct-pence-emails-records-indiana-20170303-story.html

Florida reporters to see how lawmakers stand on open records

Soon after the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, the Florida Legislature debated a bill that would exempt from public access all information about crop-dusting operations. But most operators are actively broadcasting that information in search of clients. And their registration numbers are painted right on their planes' tails. "How do you exempt something that is clearly visible?" Barbara Petersen asks. The bill never became law. Because of Florida's Government in the Sunshine Law, the state's records and meetings are more accessible than in most states. But the Legislature has, year in and year out, instituted, or considered instituting, numerous exemptions. The body, on average, imposes up to a dozen a year; the grand total, as of early February, was 1,119. Keeping an eye on those efforts is Petersen, president of Florida's First Amendment Foundation, a Tallahassee nonprofit open-government advocacy group. It's supported by newspapers and broadcasters as well as numerous lawyers and just plain citizens.

Read more: http://www.gainesville.com/news01/20170304/florida-reporters-to-see-how-lawmakers-stand-on-open-records

Advocates in Tennessee keep close eye on open records bills

At a recent panel discussion hosted by the Tennessee Press Association, Lt. Gov. Randy McNally and House Speaker Beth Harwell said they would be open to reviewing the hundreds of exemptions to the state’s public records law. During the interaction, the leaders were pressed on the possibility of including a sunset provision on any new exemptions that are added to the public records law. “I think that’s an idea that we need to probably pursue,” McNally said. While the discussion on open records was relatively brief, it provided insight and hope for open records advocates who worry about the continuing effort to limit access to public records in Tennessee.

Read more: http://www.tennessean.com/story/news/politics/2017/03/04/advocates-keep-close-eye-lawmakers-mull-public-records-bills/98632536/

California Supreme Court: Officials' emails on private accounts are public

Government employees in California cannot keep the public from seeing their work-related emails and texts sent on personal devices and through private accounts, the California Supreme Court ruled unanimously March 2,  closing a loophole that justices said could have allowed the "most sensitive and potentially damning" communications to be shielded. With the ruling, California joins a growing list of states that treat public business done through private accounts as public records. "This ruling is a model for giving government transparency laws meaning in the digital age," said Matthew Cagle, an attorney at the American Civil Liberties Union of Northern California, which filed a brief in the case.  The ruling came in a lawsuit against the city of San Jose. City Attorney Richard Doyle said he was not surprised by the decision and did not plan to challenge it. But he said it raised practical challenges for cities and counties.

Read more: http://abc7.com/news/california-supreme-court-says-officials-emails-are-public-records/1781371/

An amended Colorado records bill survives another hearing

A bill to modernize Colorado's Open Records Act has survived its first Senate hearing — but with an amendment that could mean trouble down the road. The GOP-led Senate State, Veterans and Military Affairs Committee voted 4-1 March 1 to send the bill by Democratic Sen. John Kefalas to the Senate Appropriations Committee. The bill would, in most cases, allow citizens to more easily analyze public documents by requiring state agencies to provide them in computer-friendly electronic formats. But committee chair Sen. Ray Scott introduced an amendment to have the judicial branch covered by the bill. State courts have ruled the judiciary is not subject to the records act. Scott's amendment passed on a 3-2 party-line vote. Scott said he introduced the amendment because he feels it's time to overhaul what is and is not covered by the act. Backers of Kefalas' bill say they only intended to expedite records access under the act.

Read more: http://www.mcclatchydc.com/news/politics-government/national-politics/article135686338.html

EPA chief Pruitt's ex-office given more time on emails

The chief justice of Oklahoma's Supreme Court on Tuesday, Feb. 28, gave the state's new attorney general more time to produce thousands of documents related to the relationship that new Environmental Protection Agency leader Scott Pruitt had with energy companies. Chief Justice Douglas Combs granted Attorney General Mike Hunter's request for an emergency stay after attorneys for Hunter's office argued a lower court's Friday deadline was not enough time to produce all the documents. "Not only was this a patently unreasonable directive, but the AG's office was not given the opportunity to respond to the petition," Hunter spokesman Lincoln Ferguson said in a statement. "Our office is appreciative and encouraged by the court's decision and welcomes the opportunity to present its case so that these records can be reviewed and provided in an orderly fashion."

Read more: https://www.usnews.com/news/best-states/oklahoma/articles/2017-02-28/epa-chief-pruitts-ex-office-wants-more-time-on-emails

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