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APME Update for Friday, March 30, 2012
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APME Update
APME Update for Friday, March 30, 2012

Save the Date
• March 30, March online auction closes at 5 p.m. Eastern
• April 18,
Social Media Credibility Webinar
• May 1,
Deadline for APME Journalism Excellence Awards
• May 1,
2-for-1 Membership Offer Ends
• May 18-19,
NewsTrain, Miami
• Sept. 13-14,
NewsTrain, Toronto
Sept. 19-21, 2012 - APME Conference, John Seigenthaler Center, Nashville, Tenn.


In this communication:
• Social Media Credibility Webinar
• 2012 APME Journalism Excellence Awards: New Categories for Broadcasters, • Colleges - Deadline May 1 - $50/entry fee for members
• New 2-for-1 Membership Offer, Sign Up Now
• Gary Pruitt New AP President, CEO
• Miami NewsTrain
• Watchdog Reporting
• Beat of the Week: White House Reporter Julie Pace
• Editors in the News: Temple, Minemyer, Muller, Agar, Ethridge
Industry News
• In Memoriam: Essoyan, Zerbe, Bradford
• And Finally … Editorial: Santorum Looks Bad After Spat With Reporter

Don't miss NewsTrain events.

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ABOUT US: APME Update is published regularly by the Associated Press Media Editors Association. APME Update is edited by Sally Jacobsen. Send submissions by e-mail or call Sally at (212) 621-7007.

To receive APME Update by e-mail notify APME is an AP-member group of newspaper, broadcast and college education leaders founded in 1933 to provide input on the services of The Associated Press and to help newsroom managers become better leaders. A business league under section 501(c)(6) of the Internal Revenue Code, APME is funded through registrations and sponsorships at the annual conference, APME Supporting Memberships and in-kind support. The Associated Press Media Editors Association Foundation, Inc., a 501(c)(3) tax-exempt organization, supports educational programming. Membership in APME is open to senior print and online editors at AP-member newspapers and news directors, news managers or other senior positions at AP broadcast outlets in the United States and Canadian Press publications in Canada. It is also open to administrators, professors, instructors, leaders or advisers of journalism studies programs at recognized colleges and universities and to editors or leaders at newspapers, radio stations, websites or other news outlets at recognized universities and colleges.

Mailing address: Associated Press Media Editors Association, c/o Sally Jacobsen, The Associated Press, 450 West 33rd Street, New York, NY 10001. Phone: (212) 621-7007.



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Social Media Credibility: Extending Your Reach

Wednesday, April 18 at 2 p.m. Eastern Time

Sign up today for the second of three webinars on social media credibility topics presented jointly by APME and Poynter’s NewsU.

This one-hour Webinar will help your news organization build credibility with your audience and become a leader in breaking news using social media.

Understand your audience's attitude toward credibility, social media and breaking news. Learn how to prepare your staff with breaking news strategies without sacrificing either speed or verification.

City editor of the Spokesman-Review, Addy Hatch discusses the results of the APME Social Media Credibility Project about the importance of online verification in social media.

You will learn:
• Details about public perceptions of breaking news credibility in traditional media versus social media outlets
• To fulfill the expectations of your readers by reporting both accurately and timely
• How to implement best practices for reporting breaking news into your newsroom

APME members may register for $9.95 by using a code. Watch for an email from Sally Jacobsen at AP, then go to this URL to sign up:


2012 APME Journalism Excellence Awards: Deadline May 1

Did you know that APME members can send in an entry for our contest for only $50?

The rate is reduced this year for members, so round up your best work and submit it. The APME contests have expanded to include innovation awards for radio, television and colleges.

Did your public service work raise the bar? Did your First Amendment work shine? It’s easy to enter online.

Just remember, contest deadline is May 1.

Not a member? Until May 1 we have a 2-for-1 offer. Join for the regular rate of $150 and bring along a newsroom colleague or broadcast or college partner.

More details:

The 2012 APME Journalism Excellence Awards honor superior journalism and innovation among newspapers, radio, television and online news sites across the United States and Canada. The awards seek to promote excellence by recognizing work that is well written and incisively reported and that effectively challenges the status quo.

This year, innovation-award categories have been added for radio, television and college students. In addition, the online convergence category has been retooled. The new digital storytelling award recognizes print-online combinations that draw on data visualization, social media, video and/or blogs in presenting a story.

Categories include:

• Sixth Annual Innovator of the Year Award. The winner will be awarded $1,000.
• (New) Innovator of the year awards for Television and Radio
• (New) Innovator of the year award for college students
• Third Annual Gannett Foundation Award for Innovation in Watchdog Journalism. The winner in each of two circulation categories will be awarded $2,500.
• 42st Annual Public Service Awards
• 42st Annual First Amendment Award and Citations
• 11th Annual International Perspective Awards
• Digital Storytelling and Reporting Awards (previously Online Convergence Awards)

The deadline for entry is Tuesday, May 1.

All awards are presented for journalism published or launched between July 1, 2011 and April 30, 2012.

Entry fees are $50 for APME members and $100 for non-APME members.

For more information: Please go to:


New 2-for-1 offer for APME membership

Join APME now at our $150 rate and bring on another editor, educator or broadcast news leader free.

Our 2-for-1 offer will last until May 1.

This is a great time to join, for reasons outlined below. But membership has more value than ever after the APME board reduced the price of entering our prestigious Journalism Excellence Awards from $75 to $50 per entry for members. Non-members will still pay $100 per entry.

Consider the savings you and the person you bring along will have. Reach out to a broadcast leader or journalism educator in your market, perhaps, or bring in another newsroom editor.

We'll also soon roll out three social media credibility webinars that will be offered to APME members at a reduced rate.

With more than 1,600 participants and 200 supporting members, the Associated Press Media Editors remains the practical voice for news leaders.

For the $150 cost of membership, you'll receive substantial discounts for the annual conference, APME journalism contests and APME webinars.

But there’s more:

• APME brings together news leaders from all sizes of publications and broadcast stations.

• The APME board of directors has dedicated seats for small newspapers, online and broadcast.

• Myriad programs, such as Sounding Board, help keep the lines of communication open with AP.

• News leaders can tap into AP resources on national projects, such as Broken Budgets and Aging America.

• Your newsroom can benefit from training that comes to you through NewsTrain and state APME organizations.

• APME is leading the First Amendment charge through its active committee work and with the help and resources of the AP.

• APME and APPM are at the forefront of the sports credentialing questions.

• Your organization can gain from Credibility Roundtables that offer research and insight into online issues nationwide.

• You can get great advice from the trenches.

• Great Ideas program and the Innovator of the Month contest help to keep the ideas rolling all year long.

• For educators: Access to the newsroom and broadcast leaders who do the hiring.

• Weekly APME Update with news from around the industry and the AP.

• APME News, the magazine that offers industry insight and guidance.

• The annual conference is held with Associated Press Photo Editors.

• Trade ideas and ask for advice from your peers at

Sign up now at


Gary Pruitt of McClatchy new AP president, CEO

Gary Pruitt, a former First Amendment lawyer who heads the third-largest newspaper company in the U.S., will become the next president and CEO of The Associated Press, the cooperative announced.

Pruitt, the chairman, president and CEO of The McClatchy Co., will join AP in July, taking over for Tom Curley, who is retiring after leading the news organization for nine years.

"In Gary, we have chosen a seasoned and worthy successor to Tom Curley to continue AP's transition to a digital news company," said William Dean Singleton, outgoing chairman of the AP Board of Directors and chairman of MediaNews Group Inc. "Gary has deep experience in the changing world of the news industry, an acute business sense and an overriding understanding of and commitment to AP's news mission."

Pruitt, 54, will take over an organization pressed by rapid changes in the news industry. AP has spent most of the past decade working to transform itself, launching new platforms for multimedia content, seeking fresh sources of revenue and protecting the results of its newsgathering in the online marketplace.

"I think AP is successfully transitioning, but the transition isn't over and it never will be," Pruitt said in an interview.

Intense pressure on many media companies has made them increasingly reliant on AP newsgathering. But to continue delivering its journalism, Pruitt said the organization must look for more revenue by expanding in Asia and other fast-growing regions worldwide and by increasing its product offerings.

"We've got to get it right," he said. "Too many people are counting on us every day for their complete news report. We've got to be able to not just sustain it but to grow it and improve it."

More than half the world's population sees news reported by the AP on any given day. The not-for-profit cooperative, based in New York and owned by its member newspapers, has about 3,700 employees — about two-thirds of them journalists — in more than 300 locations worldwide, including all 50 U.S. states.

Pruitt, the 13th person to head the cooperative since its founding in 1846, joins AP after leading McClatchy through a tumultuous period, as consumers turned increasingly to digital news sources and devices and advertisers followed suit.

"Gary's experience spans a wide range of media, from print to digital, but he also has been closely involved in successful media advertising efforts and technology partnerships that play such a crucial role in the news industry today," said Mary Junck, AP's incoming chairman, who headed the search committee and is chairman and CEO of Lee Enterprises. "His commitment to high-quality news content mirrors AP's values of accuracy, fairness and independence."

Pruitt led McClatchy in its 2006 acquisition of much larger competitor Knight Ridder Inc., a deal valued at $6.5 billion, including $2 billion in assumed debt. The purchase and subsequent sale of some of Knight Ridder's holdings made McClatchy the nation's third-largest newspaper publisher. The company publishes 30 daily newspapers, including The Miami Herald, The Sacramento Bee and the Fort Worth Star-Telegram.

Under Pruitt, Sacramento-based McClatchy also expanded its digital business, adding stakes in online ventures including job site and auto-focused Digital advertising now accounts for about 20 percent of McClatchy's total ad revenue.

Pruitt joined McClatchy as its general counsel in 1984, after working as a First Amendment lawyer. He was named assistant to the president at The Sacramento Bee in 1990 and became publisher of The Fresno Bee the following year. In 1994, he was promoted to McClatchy's vice president of operations and technology. He was chosen as McClatchy's president and chief operating officer in 1995, becoming chief executive officer in 1996 and chairman in 2001.

Pruitt has been a member of AP's board for nine years, at one point serving as vice chairman.

In a note sent to AP employees Thursday, Curley explained that he plans to stay on until August so he can accompany Pruitt to the Summer Olympics in London.

"Gary takes over at an inflection point for AP," Curley said in the note. "The hard work you have all done the past several years has brought us so close to transformation into a modern digital media company. I cannot think of anyone more capable of helping AP successfully execute on its new plans and strategies than Gary. You are in good hands."


Miami NewsTrain, May 18-19, 2012

NewsTrain will be in Miami on May 18-19 for a two-day workshop. NewsTrain is sponsored by APME and this workshop is hosted by The Miami Herald, El Nuevo Herald, the Associated Press Florida and Caribbean, The Palm Beach Post, The South Florida Sun-Sentinel, University of Miami School of Communication, CBS 4 News, WLRN-91.3 FM (South Florida NPR).

Location & times: University of Miami School of Communication, May 18-19.

Registration: Deadline is May 11. Cost is $50. Register here.

Accommodations: Miami NewsTrain will be held at the University of Miami School of Communication. A block of discounted rooms is available at the Coral Gables Holiday Inn, located next to the campus. Rates are $89 per night. To book contact the hotel by email at or by phone, 305-667-5611, ext. 7808, and ask for Miguel Hernandez. Request the APME NewsTrain or University rate.

Questions: Contact Michael Roberts, NewsTrain Project Director,


Storytelling 2012: Tom Brokaw once said, "It’s all storytelling, you know. That’s what journalism is all about.” It was true back then, and it’s true today. What’s different is that we have more ways than ever to tell our stories. But regardless of the form, we have to embrace our roles as storytellers. Here’s where you learn how – how to see the potential in everyday happenings; how to ask the right questions to hone your ideas; how to understand the basics of a great narrative; how to tell a wonderful story over five days or in five graphs; and how to find inspiration in the world around you.

Reporting for Narrative: You can’t write a great narrative without the right raw materials, without the details that are going to power that story. This kind of work requires a deeper level of reporting than other story forms. It all begins with understanding what you’re looking for. To succeed, you need to learn how to focus your idea as tightly as possible. You need to pay extra attention when you’re gathering information – to capture, for instance, not just what someone says but how they say it. You need to understand what "facts” are important. This session will teach you, whether you’re a reporter or editor, how to get what you need.

Narrative Writing: And now for the hard part – taking all those facts and creating a story. You won’t be writing with your hands; you’ll be writing with your head and your heart. And before you write, you’ll need to understand not just where the story begins but where it will end. You must know how to develop characters, how to weave in background, how to speed up and slow down the action, how to create compelling scenes, how to use dialogue and internal monologues, and how to leave the reader feeling satisfied. Come hear how to pull it all together.

Interactive Storytelling 2.0: As newsrooms get better at the variety of online tools available for storytelling, it’s time to reset the term "multimedia storytelling” and talk about what approaches and techniques really engage readers. Today the concept of interactive storytelling is much more than adding a video to a story. Telling a story online can and should involve interactive features, alternative story forms, data visualization, video and photos – all in pursuit of a strong narrative storyline. How the best storytellers approach multimedia storytelling today and the skills and tools you can use to do the same.

Building a Mobile Strategy: Many newsrooms are launching or expanding their efforts in mobile content. This session explores some of the different technical solutions such as responsive design, web APPs and native APPs (iPhone, droid, etc), and how each approach aligns with goals, content plans, and staffing.

Planning & Coaching Content Across Platforms: How to frame clear standards and workflows for new digital media in a rapidly changing media environment. The focus is on building a strong set of online tools for covering your community and how to enable everyone on staff – reporters, editors, online producers, visual journalists -- to use the tools effectively.

Beat Mapping: How to use a technique called "beat mapping” to improve coverage in daily and enterprise work. Beat mapping is used by reporters and editors to outline new areas of coverage, to merge two or more old beats, and to refocus existing beats on topics and issues that mean the most to readers. The process also helps communicate clear expectations between reporters and editors in managing work across print and digital platforms.

Social Media Reporting Tools: Social media offers reporters unprecedented tools for building better networks of sources, gaining access to a more diverse and varied set of sources, and spotting trends and issues before they become news. How to use the tools provided by LinkedIn, Twitter, and other social media platforms to get ahead of the news and find the best sources.

The Data Mindset: How to see data and treat it as a source to be interviewed, like people. When to create data, to adapt someone else’s or to analyze existing public data. Tips to make data the inspiration and foundation of great news and enterprise stories.


Maria Carrillo is managing editor at The Virginian-Pilot in Norfolk, Va., where she remains committed to craft even in a Twitter world. Her exceptional writers have been nationally recognized, including being Pulitzer and ASNE finalists. Carrillo has worked at The Pilot for 14 years, directing many of the paper’s projects and previously overseeing its narrative team. That work has spawned five books so far. Carrillo has been a visiting faculty member for The Poynter Institute and the Nieman program, a lecturer for the National Writers Workshops and the American Press Institute, and twice been a Pulitzer juror.

Luis Clemens is National Public Radio's senior editor for diversity. Luis works across the newsroom to build a broad foundation of diverse experts and sources in order to enhance NPR's news coverage. In this position, Clemens is also part of NPR's Diversity team and is active partner in training initiatives at NPR and across public radio - helping to strengthen local coverage by expanding the range of content, sources, ideas and expertise. Before joining NPR in 2010, Clemens was a frequent guest on NPR's programs, often interviewed about Latino voters. Clemens began his career in journalism at the local Telemundo and NBC television stations in Miami. In 1993, he began working at CNN as an assignment editor. Three years later he was promoted to Buenos Aires bureau chief. Following CNN, he went on to be a spokesperson for the United Nations World Food Programme in Zimbabwe. Before re-starting a career in journalism and coming to NPR, Clemens owned and operated two laundromats in Xalapa, Mexico.

Miranda Mulligan is the digital design director for The Boston Globe / She is a designer and educator with over 10 years of experience in print and web design, photography and information graphics reporting. She has also worked for The Virginian-Pilot, interned with The Sun-Sentinel and The Philadelphia Inquirer and volunteers with Online News Association, Virginia Press Association, the National Press Photographers Association and the Society for News Design.

Paul Overberg is a database editor at USA TODAY and a member of its data team. He helps to shape its demographic trend coverage, but also analyzes data on subjects from war casualties to highway traffic. He also helps to produce data maps, graphics and interactive applications. He had earlier been a science and environmental reporter and editor at Gannett News Service in Washington and a reporter and editor at The Courier-News in Bridgewater, N.J.

Michael Roberts is a newsroom trainer and consultant and Project Director for NewsTrain. Previously, Michael was Deputy Managing Editor Staff Development at The Arizona Republic (2003-2010), responsible for all newsroom training, served as writing coach, and edited major projects. Outside his own newsrooms, Roberts helped create and launch NewsTrain, designed and taught the American Press Institute’s first online seminar for copy editors, and has presented programs for the Poynter Institute, American Press Institute, the Maynard Institute, Freedom Forum, and various National Writers Workshops. Before the Republic, Roberts was Features Editor, AME/Features-Business, and then for 10 years the Training Editor/Writing Coach at The Cincinnati Enquirer. He also worked as a writer and editor at the Midland (MI) Daily News, the Detroit Free Press, and as a senior editor at two magazines. He taught feature writing at the University of Cincinnati and regularly presented programs at the Walter Cronkite School of Journalism, Arizona State University. Email:



Cleveland Plain Dealer: Boomer bust: A generation in transition.
Atlanta Journal-Constitution: Suspicious school test scores found across the nation
Dallas Morning News: Care agencies in probe had safety failings
Arizona Daily Star: Guns sales surging in Arizona
The (Bergen) Record: More tax appeals denied in northern New Jersey
Houston Chronicle: Bail being granted in more deportation cases
Star Tribune: Cash can erase speeding ticket record in parts of Minnesota
Democrat and Chronicle: Despite New York pensions reforms, costs soaring
Commercial Appeal: Mayor pays for car, counseling, credit card with campaign funds
Sunday Patriot News: Tuition waivers in Pennsylvania draw critics

Read about these and more by clicking here


BEAT OF THE WEEK: White House reporter Julie Pace

The selection of a new president of the World Bank is a global story of major importance. So naturally, the financial news outlets should own the story. Right?

They certainly think so, but White House reporter Julie Pace didn’t accept that conventional wisdom. Why, she argued forcefully to White House and Treasury officials, shouldn’t it be the AP who gets the news first?

By a whopping 30 minutes, Pace left miffed competitors in the dust (and complaining to the White House.)

In going about her reporting, Pace had to consider the unique factors in play. The United States, which traditionally makes the choice, has held a monopoly on the presidency of the World Bank, a 187-nation institution that focuses on fighting poverty and promoting development. But this time, Washington faced an unprecedented challenge from the developing world, which sought a greater role in an institution that focuses on its needs. That put President Barack Obama in the awkward position of choosing between his own desire for the developing world to take more of a leadership role in the international community, and election-year pressure to nominate an American.

Several well-known Washington figures were being considered. But in the days before Obama made his pick, the people Pace talked to in the White House, as well as others familiar with the process, started to indicate that the president might lean in a different direction. He was seeking a candidate who could check both boxes: an American with on-the-ground experience in the developing world.

Pace pressed White House officials, but they were keeping a tight lid on names. So she tried a different approach. If the White House thought the context behind the pick was as important as the name itself, she argued, AP could be counted on to get a rich, contextual story out fast. And if the administration hoped its nominee would appeal to the international community, AP’s global reach would ensure that the story was seen around the world.

In the end, the White House agreed. Officials came to the AP first, not only with the news that Obama was passing over better-known candidates and nominating global health expert and Dartmouth College President Jim Yong Kim, but with an exclusive background briefing with top administration aides involved in the process. The first story that hit the wire was filled with extensive details about the pick and how and why the president reached his decision.



John Temple will join The Washington Post as a managing editor overseeing local, digital and other coverage. Temple is a former editor and publisher of the Rocky Mountain News. He replaces Raju Narisetti, who left in January to become a deputy managing editor at The Wall Street Journal. As managing editor, Temple will oversee local news, sports, arts and entertainment, food and travel coverage, along with The Washington Post Magazine and a local business section. He will be the paper's senior digital editor. The Post's other managing editor, Liz Spayd, will continue to oversee the paper's national, foreign, business, investigative and style coverage. Temple's most recent position was founding editor and general manager of Honolulu Civil Beat, a news website in Hawaii.

Chip Minemyer was named executive editor of the Centre Daily Times, returning to the newspaper in State College, Pa., after spending the last eight years as editor of the Tribune-Democrat in Johnstown.

Minemyer, 48, takes the job held most recently by Bob Heisse, who last month became editor of the State Journal-Register in Springfield, Ill.

He said that directing the paper's coverage of the Jerry Sandusky criminal case will be among his top priorities.

"It's a fantastic newspaper, thinks big, does big things all the time, and I'm excited to kind of be joining that culture, and that approach to what we do," he said. "I'll be walking in there in the middle of one of the biggest stories in the history of that region. It's my goal to make sure we're on top of every breaking moment in that story."

He starts at the Centre Daily Times on April 11, and said the Johnstown paper has not named his successor.

Minemyer had previously worked at the Centre Daily Times ( ) as copy desk chief, news editor and associate editor, where he oversaw the daily opinion page.

The editor of The Gazette in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, is leaving for new journalism leadership position.

The Gazette reports ( that Lyle Muller will become executive director of the nonprofit Iowa Center for Public Affairs Journalism.

The 58-year-old Muller, of North Liberty, has been editor since 2009 and has been with The Gazette since 1987.

Muller's last day with the newspaper is April 20. A replacement has not been named.

The Iowa Center for Public Affairs Journalism is based in Iowa City. The center's investigative and public affairs reporting is shared through news organizations throughout the state.

Autumn Agar — a journalist who has worked Texas, Colorado and Arizona — is the new editor of the Times-News and in south-central Idaho.

Agar most recently served as managing editor of the New Braunfels (Texas) Herald-Zeitung from 2009 to 2011. She was the founding editor of the Sky-Hi Daily News in Grand County, Colo., and editor of the Payson Roundup in Arizona.

Times-News ( ) Publisher John Pfeifer said last week that Agar will make sure the newspaper and its website remain the "best and first place to find out what's happening locally."

As editor, Agar will oversee all news operations of the Times-News and, and serve on the newspaper's editorial board.

A longtime sports journalist with deep roots in southwestern Indiana has been named editor of the Evansville Courier & Press.

Tim Ethridge's appointment was announced by E.W. Scripps Co. Vice President for Content Mizell Stewart III. Stewart is the newspaper's former editor.

The 52-year-old Ethridge is an Evansville native who has spent much of his career there. He started as an obituary writer at the Evansville Courier and worked in news and sports at the Courier and at the afternoon Evansville Press, where he was sports editor.

He also has worked as an education reporter and copy editor in Madisonville, Ky., and as a copy editor at the Indianapolis News and Indianapolis Star.

Stewart says Ethridge's "unparalleled knowledge of Evansville" will be an asset in his new role.



• University of Texas newspaper board apologizes over Martin cartoon
• Historic newspaper building spared wrecking ball
• Phelps to retire as Times-Picayune publisher
• Perelman drops out of Philly newspaper group
• No Texas investigation following cheating report by Atlanta Journal-Constitution
• Newspaper: Ohio has suspicious school test scores
• Wisconsin publisher: Employees wrong to sign petitions
• Pennington named publisher of Idaho State Journal
• Missouri House panel backs higher newspaper taxes
• Connecticut lawmakers discuss escort ad bill
• Gannett names publisher, editor for 2 La. papers

Read about these items and more by clicking here



Roy Essoyan, AP staffer who reported Sino-Soviet split, dies

Associated Press

NEW YORK (AP) — Born in a Japanese fishing village just after his refugee family landed there in a desperate 1919 escape from Russia's Bolshevik revolution, Roy Essoyan arrived in the Soviet Union nearly four decades later as an American journalist.

But after three years of hobnobbing with Premier Nikita Khrushchev and other communist leaders, The Associated Press reporter's Cold War adventure ended abruptly. In 1958, he was expelled for reporting that a serious breach had developed between the USSR and Mao Zedong's China.

The foreign ministry called it "a rude violation of Soviet censorship," but Essoyan had exposed what became known in diplomatic parlance as the "Sino-Soviet split" — and earned himself a one-way ticket out of Moscow.

From Hong Kong, a pulsating world away from the dreary Soviet capital, Essoyan continued a career that took him around the globe, with stops in Cairo, Beirut and finally, Tokyo.

In 1985, he retired to Hawaii where he died of natural causes at age 92 at his home in Pupukea on the North Shore of Oahu, said daughter Susan Essoyan.

Born Karekin Essoyan, he was the youngest child of Armenian parents who, in fleeing from Vladivostok as the communist-led upheaval gripped Russia, became part of that ethnic nationality's 20th century diaspora.

Stateless when they reached the coastal fishing town of Tsuruga, where Roy was born, the family found Japan welcoming to foreigners — but destined to become less so as war-fevered militarist factions gained influence and power.

After starting a new life in the city of Kobe, the Essoyans moved in 1932 to Shanghai, which offered its own business opportunities. They were there when the Japanese took over half of the city in 1937.

Roy had aspired to be a journalist even before graduating from Shanghai's Public & Thomas Hanbury School in 1936. "I always wanted to write," he said in a 2002 interview. "I thought I had a flair with things like essays and what not."

When Shanghai's English-language newspapers refused to hire him as a cub reporter, the 17-year-old shipped out on a Danish freighter, the Peter Maersk, and spent the next year and a half at sea.

Susan Essoyan said "the ship's captain found his given name, Karekin, too difficult and asked, 'What do I yell when I need you?' They settled on Roy, which later became his byline."

Returning to Shanghai in 1939, Essoyan and a friend teamed up to publish small newsmagazines, and he was working as an editor for the English-language Shanghai Times when World War II finally reached Asia in late 1941, trapping many foreigners in China.

Essoyan had been married on Dec. 5, 1941, and when the newspaper called him to work on Dec. 8, saying war had begun, he hung up the phone.

"I thought they were being funny," he recalled. "And sure enough, I went out on the street and Japanese soldiers were everywhere. ... Overnight they had effectively completed the whole takeover by commandeering utilities and power companies, the telephone company, the radio stations."

Life became hard during the occupation. Roy's older brother was killed by a hit-and-run Japanese army truck, and the Essoyans found that being stateless did not protect them from the harsh treatment endured by citizens of western countries living in Shanghai's famous International Settlement.

"It was better to have a government standing up for you," Essoyan said in the 2002 interview.

As the conflict ended in 1945, Roy, then 26, got a $90 a month job with the AP in Shanghai, and impressed his boss enough to be offered a visa and assignment to Hawaii. There, he became a U.S. citizen and burnished his English, his third language after Russian and Japanese.

After a steady news diet of Hawaiian volcanoes and VIP visits to the islands, the Russian-speaking Essoyan was tapped in 1955 — the height of the Cold War — to join AP's Moscow bureau. Years later, he recalled how foreign correspondents were forced to live in state-assigned apartments where elevators took passengers up but not down, and government eavesdropping was so pervasive that "even the lampshades were bugged."

Denied contact with ordinary Russians, reporters scoured propaganda-laden newspapers and official pronouncements for nuggets of news and never missed diplomatic receptions where Soviet officials might turn up. But everything was subject to strict and sometimes arbitrary censorship.

In 1958, Essoyan slipped past the censors a "news analysis" saying Khrushchev and Mao Zedong were secretly but sharply at odds over Mao's refusal to agree to an international summit meeting unless his Communist regime replaced Nationalist China as Beijing's representative.

Essoyan had been warned twice by Soviet censors, but his expulsion from Moscow — a distinction regarded by many Western journalists as a badge of honor — was likely assured when the influential Washington-based columnist Joseph Alsop singled him out for praise.

"If the Russian censors have permitted Essoyan to say that Nikita Khrushchev has suffered a public setback, then Nikita is out," Alsop told his readers.

That wasn't what happened, Essoyan noted later. The censors had not approved his story, and Khrushchev was not out. Essoyan was.

Being banished from Moscow, however, did not end his interaction with Soviet officials. During a visit to Indonesia years later, Khrushchev spotted a familiar face — Essoyan's — among the press, and to the dismay of other reporters, invited the American to join him for a private talk.

As they chatted in Russian, Khrushchev made a sneering comment about Essoyan's baseball cap: "Why do you wear those silly beanies?"

Essoyan responded by playfully sticking the cap on the Soviet leader's head — a moment captured by photographers.

Based in Hong Kong after leaving Moscow, Essoyan helped the AP cover the early days of the Vietnam War, accompanying South Vietnamese troops and their U.S. advisers on helicopter-borne operations. Essoyan described one such mission as "gamesmanship, beautifully orchestrated and achieving absolutely nothing because the Viet Cong knew what was happening, the (South) Vietnamese didn't want bloodshed. I wrote a lovely, long story, which ended by saying, 'As we flew away, the flag of South Vietnam was flying, but tomorrow morning the communists would be back.' And this is what happened ... most of the time."

After a brief stint in Cairo, Essoyan was named the AP's chief of Middle East operations in Beirut in 1965 and became its chief of North Asia services, based in Tokyo, in 1973 — coming full circle to the land of his birth.

Longtime publisher in Augusta Daily Gazette dies

Carter J. Zerbe, the retired owner and publisher of the Augusta (Kan.) Daily Gazette, has died. He was 72.

Zerbe received numerous awards during his 46-year career with the Daily Gazette, where his father was also publisher. He retired as owner and publisher in October 2004.

Zerbe was a trustee at Butler Community College, where he served as president twice. He was on the Board of Directors at Elliott School of Communication at Wichita State University and the William Allen White School of Journalism at The University of Kansas, according to the Headley Funeral Chapel. He also was a regional director for the Kansas Press Association in the late 1980s.

Tutt Bradford, Maryville, Tenn., publisher, dies at age 94

Tutt Bradford, the former publisher and owner of The Daily Times in Maryville, Tenn., died. He was 94.

Bradford became the fifth owner of the newspaper in November 1955 and served as publisher until 1984. He continued as chairman of the board until the paper was sold in 1989.

Gregg Jones, president and CEO of Jones Media, the parent company of The Daily Times, said in an obituary ( ) that few worked harder for the progress of Blount County than Bradford.

Among his philanthropic interests were the Hearing and Speech Foundation, the Foothills Parkway and Cades Cove in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park and the Clayton Center for The Arts at Maryville College.


AND FINALLY … Editorial: Santorum looks bad after spat with New York Times reporter

By the Staff
The Daily Republic
Mitchell, S.D.

Republican presidential candidate Rick Santorum is either grandstanding or beginning to lose his composure.

Santorum made headlines over the weekend when he scolded a New York Times reporter for "lying" and allegedly distorting Santorum's comments following a speech at Racine, Wis.

While speaking at a rally there, Santorum said Mitt Romney, the frontrunner for the GOP to run against President Obama in November, is "the worst Republican in the country to put up against Barack Obama." TV cameras captured the quote, word for word.

Later, Santorum said the comment obviously was related to health-care issues, but in all of the clips we have seen, health care wasn't mentioned near the quote in question.

Perhaps it happened, but we just haven't seen it for ourselves.

Later, as Santorum signed campaign posters for supporters, the reporter asked for clarification.

"You said Mitt Romney is the worst Republican in the country. Is that true?" the reporter asked.

Santorum lost his cool.

"What speech were you listening to? I said Mitt Romney is the worst Republican to run on the issue of Obamacare," he said.

According to clips of the speech, Santorum's recollection is incorrect. Actually, the reporter's memory was a bit off, too. The quote ended with "to put up against Barack Obama."

However, Santorum said his past speeches have connected his feelings about Romney and health care, and told the reporter, "Quit distorting my words. If I see it (in print), it's bull****."

We side with the reporter on this one. The reporter hadn't yet written a word about the quote, but only was asking for clarification.

There's a big difference.

This is a ruse as old as the press itself. People in the news sometimes say stupid things and try to pass it off as the media's mistake. Sometimes blame rests upon the shoulders of reporters, but sometimes these accusations are simply an effort to avoid ownership of a dangerous or sloppy quote.

It happens here at The Daily Republic. We have misquoted people, for sure.

When we do, we try to make amends through corrections and admission of our mistake.

We also have been loudly accused of misquoting sources when we have done no such thing, and when our notes and audio recordings are rock solid. Again, this is a ploy sometimes used by sources to avoid looking bad in public. Santorum seeks to hold the most powerful office in the world, but becomes unhinged at a reporter's question in rural Wisconsin? If Santorum truly gets upset at such minutiae, he needs to consider the misery that awaits him if he ever finds his way into the White House, which is unlikely at this point. If he was grandstanding for nearby TV cameras - which some feel is the case - he's immature and desperate. Either way, Santorum looks bad.


ABOUT US: APME Update is published regularly by the Associated Press Media Editors Association. APME Update is edited by Sally Jacobsen. Send submissions by e-mail or call Sally at (212) 621-7007.
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