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OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • Sept. 20, 2018

School to adopt new policy after accused of censorship

BURLINGTON, Vt. (AP) — A Vermont school district says it will adopt a new policy in line with a state law aimed at protecting student journalists after students accused the Burlington High School of censoring a recent school newspaper article.

Last week the principal asked the students to take down a story they broke on the student newspaper website about a school employee facing unprofessional conduct charges.

They took the story down on Tuesday and later vowed to fight the school's action based on the new law. The principal said Thursday that the students could repost the story since the story had appeared in other media.

The school district announced Saturday that it will adopt a new policy consistent with the provisions of the law.

Kentucky state police rank atop records scofflaw list

Louisville TV station WDRB recently published an article on its website about the worst violators of Kentucky's Open Records Act over the past five years. The Kentucky State Police tops the list.

The station notes the irony of this -- that an agency charged with enforcement of the law would so routinely ignore one that applies to itself. Specifically the station found that the Kentucky Attorney General's office, which is the primary arbiter of open records disputes, has found KSP in violation 33 times since 2013. The scandal-plagued University of Louisville came in second with 30 violations over the term.

WDRB cites by way of example its own recent experience. The station requested a copy of a court settlement between KSP and a Harlan County man who was beaten by troopers while handcuffed. KSP's internal counsel sent a generic denial to the request, saying no settlement existed, and if it did, "any documents related to a possible settlement are protected by attorney-client privilege."

But there was a settlement, for $130,000, and the terms of such settlements are by both statute and a Kentucky Supreme Court ruling public record.

The station quotes Jon Fleischaker, the state's leading First Amendment attorney who wrote much of Kentucky's open records statute, as saying such antics by KSP are not new. He said the state police "do not like the proposition that the public has a right to know how they are handling matters, and they have always been recalcitrant in terms of complying with the clear mandate of the open records law."

Read more: https://www.bgdailynews.com/opinion/commentary/state-police-rank-atop-records-scofflaw-list/article_70ffad10-a64a-5acb-b74c-ea9d77479e38.html

Court allows reporters to inspect slain family's autopsies

COLUMBUS, Ohio (AP) — Reporters on Wednesday viewed preliminary autopsy reports in the still-unsolved slayings of eight Ohio family members in one of the state's most notorious crimes, following a decision by the Ohio Supreme Court. The reports provided few new details.

The court ruled unanimously in favor of the Cincinnati Enquirer, saying Ohio law allows reporters to view preliminary autopsy and investigative notes and findings, and photographs.

The law governing the viewing of the information is clear, the court said in overturning a lower-court decision.

If "a journalist submits a proper request to review preliminary autopsy and investigative notes and findings, suicide notes, or photographs of the decedent made by the coroner, the coroner 'shall' grant the request," the court said.

The still-unsolved case involves seven adults and a teenage boy from the Rhoden family who were found shot to death at four homes in Piketon in southern Ohio in April 2016.

The Attorney General's Office, which is investigating the killings, made single-page reports for each victim available for inspection Wednesday morning. Under Ohio law, reporters can only view the information and are prohibited even from taking notes. No photos were released.

Read more: https://apnews.com/e191eec46db140438fa9d01bf87fb53e

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • Sept. 13, 2018

The Philadelphia Inquirer: Hundreds at risk of water shutoffs in Camden’s semi-privatized water system

Jasmine Walker's brick-face home in Camden's Waterfront South section appeared ordinary at first: A purple cutout of the alphabet was pasted to the wall, and a television set rested in the living room, which was cluttered with her kids' toys. But in the next room, dirty laundry lay in piles, the defunct sink overflowed with dishes, water containers of every size littered the tables and floor, and a putrid smell permeated the air.

"I just feel hopeless," Walker said as she sat in her home, anxiously bouncing her 7-month-old daughter, Elaya, on her knee. "I can't seem to win."

In July, American Water, the for-profit company that leases Camden's water system, stopped service to her home due to failure to pay, leaving Walker, 25, and her two daughters, newborn Elaya and 6-year-old Naja, without running water for months. That finally changed on Wednesday, Walker said, after she submitted a form detailing the symptoms of her severe epilepsy and American Water reestablished her water service.

Throughout the city, there are more than 400 homes at risk of having their water shut off like Walker's under Camden's privatized water contract, according to a report acquired by the Inquirer and Daily News through the state's Open Public Records Act.

Read more: http://www2.philly.com/philly/news/new_jersey/american-water-company-shutoffs-camden-water-privatization-20180907.html

Newspaper seeks to unseal senator's arrest records

LANCASTER, N.H. (AP) — A New Hampshire newspaper has filed a motion to unseal court documents related to domestic violence allegations against Democratic State Sen. Jeff Woodburn.

The Caledonian Record reports a hearing on the motion filed by the Berlin Sun was closed to the public and the press Monday.

Managing editor of the newspaper Barbara Tetreault argues court records are presumed public as defined by the Constitution and state Supreme Court precedent.

The Attorney General's office says the records should remain sealed to protect the integrity of the case.

Woodburn is accused of striking and biting a woman, and kicking in the door of her home. He has pleaded not guilty to assault and domestic violence charges.

Woodburn says he will make a statement after the primary election Tuesday.

Detroit has yet to release dashcam video from 2017 officer-involved shooting

Detroit police, after some prodding, released hundreds of records related to the officer-involved fatal shooting of a 19-year-old man in the backyard of an abandoned home, but have ignored multiple requests for release of the associated dashcam video.

Raynard Burton, according to police reports reviewed by MLive, on Feb. 13, 2017 sped away from police, crashed into another car, smashed the side of a building and then ran away on foot with officers in pursuit.

Eventually cornered in the littered, overgrown backyard of a vacant home with a collapsed garage, police reports say former Detroit Police Officer Jerold Blanding fired a fatal shot into Burton's chest when Burton, who was unarmed, attempted to grab the officer's gun.

While the actual shooting wasn't captured on video, Detroit Police Chief James Craig shortly after Burton's death confirmed there was footage from the chase, which should also include audio and provide a better understanding of the led to the fatal shooting.

Dashcam video was also mentioned in Wayne County Prosecutor Kym Worthy's report clearing Blanding, who was initially suspended and later fired for an unrelated matter, and in multiple investigation documents obtained by MLive through a Freedom of Information Act request.

Read more: https://www.mlive.com/news/detroit/index.ssf/2018/09/detroit_police_refuse_to_relea.html

University of Missouri System lawsuit over open records will move forward

In a battle over the Sunshine Law, a lawsuit facing the University of Missouri System will move forward, a judge ruled Friday.

In May 2016, Animal Rescue, Media & Education, also known as the Beagle Freedom Project, sued the UM System and its records custodian, Paula Barrett. The suit claimed they violated state open records laws by inflating the costs to produce public records the group had requested.

The defendants made a motion for summary judgment, which would have kept the case from going to trial, but Judge Jeff Harris denied that motion Friday. The court found six issues that need to be resolved in the case:

Whether the UM System is keeping the costs to produce records as low as possible.What kind of employees the UM System uses to produce records.The scope of Animal Rescue, Media & Education’s records request.How the UM System calculated the time it would take to respond to records.The UM System’s record-keeping practices and its impact on the cost of responding to the requests.The $82,222.33 price tag the UM System put on Animal Rescue, Media & Education’s records request.

The defendants argued to stop the lawsuit, saying Animal Rescue, Media & Education couldn’t sue on behalf of others because it doesn’t have official members. The defendants also said they complied with the Sunshine Law by preparing the cost estimate, according to court documents filed by the defendants.

Read more: https://www.columbiamissourian.com/news/higher_education/university-of-missouri-system-lawsuit-over-open-records-will-move/article_9727a71e-b540-11e8-9b11-93bc08b21afe.html

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • Sept. 6, 2018

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette: School districts pay thousands of dollars to settle complaints of wrongdoing

In 2015, the Mt. Lebanon School District hired a volleyball coach despite getting warnings that he had allegedly behaved inappropriately toward players two decades earlier. Later that year, Brian Begor was suspended and resigned after players accused him of “unwanted conduct of a sexual nature,” according to a federal lawsuit.

Mr. Begor was never charged with a crime, although four high school girls and their parents accused him of sexual misconduct in a 2016 federal lawsuit.

In February, Mt. Lebanon agreed to settle that suit for $40,000.

Each year, local school districts agree to settle allegations of negligence, discrimination and other wrongdoing by the district and its employees.

The agreements allow districts to resolve potentially costly and lengthy court battles without admitting fault. In many cases, the settlements are confidential and limit what the parties can say about them publicly.

The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette submitted Right-To-Know requests to more than 40 Allegheny County districts seeking settlements over the last five years. Some districts denied the request, claiming it was not sufficiently specific. But responses from more than two dozen area districts demonstrate the types of lawsuits and complaints boards have agreed to settle in recent years.

Read more: http://www.post-gazette.com/news/education/2018/09/02/Local-school-districts-sometimes-pay-tens-of-thousands-of-dollars-to-settle-allegations-of-wrongdoing/stories/201808300137

Stamford Advocate: Scrutiny of correction officers rattles Connecticut’s prisons

Correction officers’ use of force against inmates increased over the last 10 years even as Connecticut’s prison population declined, state statistics show.

But the two sides that run the state’s prisons — corrections officers and officials at the Department of Correction — disagree over the scope of the problem, whether use of force is rising or falling and what, if anything, should be done.

Corrections officers say the need to use force has risen because of prison reforms initiated by Gov. Dannel P. Malloy’s administration, such as an often celebrated early release program and less use of isolation cells to punish misbehavior.

“We are dealing with maximum security prisons and a lot of the crimes are violent,” said Rudy Demiraj, president of ASFCME Local 387, which represents prison guards. “The idea of turning prison into some kind of summer camp is not proving to be positive.”

Read more: https://www.stamfordadvocate.com/local/article/Attacks-on-correction-officers-rattle-13197595.php

Wisconsin Center for Investigative Journalism: Secret political cash quietly reshaping Wisconsin laws

MADISON, Wis. (AP) — At age 2, Yasmine Clark was lead-poisoned so severely that she had to be hospitalized for emergency chelation treatment to cleanse her blood of life-threatening levels of the heavy metal.

At age 5, Yasmine was again diagnosed with lead poisoning. She suffered significant brain damage. Her IQ declined. She developed attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

So, in 2006, at age 5, Yasmine became a plaintiff in a Milwaukee County lawsuit filed against multiple paint companies, including National Lead, now called NL Industries, which had made lead paint like that found in the rental homes where she was raised in Milwaukee.

She was among about 170 Wisconsin children named as plaintiffs in lawsuits against the paint companies. The suits sought compensation for medical expenses and other damages for what their attorneys said were severe and permanent injuries from ingesting lead-tainted paint chips.

While these children had compelling personal stories, NL Industries had something even more powerful on its side: Republican politicians facing recall elections in 2011 and 2012 who secretly benefited from $750,000 contributed by NL's owner, Harold Simmons, to an "independent" political group.

Read more: http://www.startribune.com/secret-political-cash-quietly-reshaping-wisconsin-laws/492252581/

Oregon town's leaders may skirt law at DC tree-lighting

SWEET HOME, Ore. (AP) — The City Council of a small Oregon town could break a state open meetings law when they attend the tree-lighting ceremony this Christmas in Washington, D.C.

The Democrat Herald reports that this year's Capitol Christmas Tree was selected from the Sweet Home Ranger District and a City Council delegation will attend the ceremony.

But the town's city manager and city attorney warn that plans by a fourth council member to attend the event on her own could violate the state's open meetings law.

With four members in attendance, a majority of the seven-member council would be present and could feasibly conduct official business.

Council member Lisa Gourley says the law provides for public officials to attend social events together.

Other council members agree, but say the plans could look bad.

Read more: https://democratherald.com/news/council-makes-d-c-christmas-tree-plans/article_13702114-d671-5f3f-9ac0-05fd952b3efd.html

‘My life is threatened.’ Listen to Sen. Daphne Campbell call 911 on a Herald reporter

When a Miami Herald reporter questioned state lawmaker Daphne Campbell after a candidates event, she called 911 to ask for police protection.

“Can you please send a police for me, please, right now,” Campbell told the Miami-Dade police dispatcher. “My life is threatened.”

Miami-Dade police this week released audio of the call made by Campbell, the Democratic state senator who lost reelection Tuesday. In the call, Campbell never specified that the woman “in the colorful dress” was Miami Herald reporter Sarah Blaskey — or the exact nature of her supposed threats.

Read more: https://www.miamiherald.com/news/politics-government/election/article217463265.html

Washington task force on public records set to convene

OLYMPIA, Wash. (AP) — A public records task force created after Washington lawmakers attempted to exempt themselves from the state's Public Records Act is set to convene its first of four meetings.

Wednesday's inaugural meeting will address the topic that caused tension between the Legislature and a coalition of media groups that sued last year: the issue of legislative records and lawmakers' assertion that they are not subject to the same disclosure rules that apply to other elected officials.

The creation of the task force came after a contentious battle over a bill earlier this year — contested by the media and open government advocates — in which lawmakers had sought to change the law to retroactively specify that the state's voter-approved Public Records Act did not apply to the legislative branch. Lawmakers introduced and passed the bill — which allowed for a more limited legislative disclosure obligation for things like daily calendars and correspondence with lobbyists — in two days, overriding all normal legislative procedures to quickly advance it with minimal public input. After thousands of people called or emailed the governor's office in opposition, Gov. Jay Inslee vetoed the measure.

That bill was in response to a lawsuit filed by a media coalition, led by The Associated Press, who asserted lawmakers were violating the law by not releasing emails, schedules and reports of sexual harassment. In January, a Thurston County superior court judge ruled that while the Washington Legislature, the House and Senate were not subject to the Public Records Act, the statute was clear that the offices of individual lawmakers were covered by the law. That ruling has been appealed, and is currently awaiting arguments before the state Supreme Court.

Read more: https://apnews.com/24537682deee41b4af34d22f9bcdc371

Virginia to keep medical cannabis licensing process secret

RICHMOND, Va. (AP) — The state panel that will award Virginia's first five medical marijuana licenses will keep the application review process confidential.

The Richmond Times-Dispatch reports Virginia Board of Pharmacy Chair Rafael Saenz announced Tuesday that the 51 applications would be considered in closed session. The decision came after regulators conferred about Virginia's public-meeting law for 30 minutes. The pharmacy board's executive director, Caroline Juran, says the attorney general's office provided advice.

Medical cannabis applications are being treated as medical license applications, and are therefore exempt from the Virginia Freedom of Information Act — unlike other business proposals.

The presiding committee did release initial application scores, but the companies weren't identified by name.

This first wave of dispensaries will produce only CBD or THC-A oils, which don't provide a high.

Read more: https://www.richmond.com/news/virginia/government-politics/state-panel-handing-out-virginia-s-first-medical-marijuana-licenses/article_cabe12af-60e5-5f15-9d85-03c7e9531314.html

Pittsburg Post-Gazette: School districts pay thousands of dollars to settle complaints of wrongdoing

In 2015, the Mt. Lebanon School District hired a volleyball coach despite getting warnings that he had allegedly behaved inappropriately toward players two decades earlier. Later that year, Brian Begor was suspended and resigned after players accused him of “unwanted conduct of a sexual nature,” according to a federal lawsuit.

Mr. Begor was never charged with a crime, although four high school girls and their parents accused him of sexual misconduct in a 2016 federal lawsuit.

In February, Mt. Lebanon agreed to settle that suit for $40,000.

Each year, local school districts agree to settle allegations of negligence, discrimination and other wrongdoing by the district and its employees.

The agreements allow districts to resolve potentially costly and lengthy court battles without admitting fault. In many cases, the settlements are confidential and limit what the parties can say about them publicly.

Read more: http://www.post-gazette.com/local/south/2016/04/25/In-lawsuit-girls-accuse-Mount-Lebanon-volleyball-coach-of-sexual-misconduct/stories/201604250115

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • Aug. 30, 2018

Mississippi mayor to city employees: Don't talk to media

MCCOMB, Miss. (AP) — A Mississippi mayor is telling city employees and other elected officials not to talk to the media, saying all information about local government has to come from him.

McComb Mayor Quordiniah Lockley, a Democrat, has been in office about two months. He told the Enterprise-Journal on Monday that he is the only city spokesman.

"If you all want to know something, you see me," Lockley told the newspaper. "No city employee is supposed to talk to you."

City Administrator Kelvin Butler sent an email Aug. 15 telling city employees, including police and fire chiefs, not to talk to the press. The email was also addressed to the selectmen on the city's elected governing board.

One selectman, Republican Ted Tullos, told the newspaper he can speak about city issues.

"Some people are control freaks," Tullos said. "I can give my opinion. ... I can speak for being an elected official."

The email was sent at about the time the city board was in the midst of several turbulent meetings about department directors' job security and about a selectman's proposal to decriminalize the use of small amounts of marijuana. It was sent the same day the newspaper began inquiring about traffic tickets issued to another selectman. The mayor, however, said the email wasn't a response to any specific Enterprise-Journal article.

"Understand right now in order to control what comes out of City Hall, to control what's misconstrued by the newspaper or the radio, I want to make sure if it's going to be misconstrued, it's coming out of my mouth," Lockley said. "Right now, until I get things the way I want it, all of it's going to come through the mayor's office."

Read more: http://www.enterprise-journal.com/news/article_69719e3e-aa4f-11e8-959e-1ba8a6bda3de.html

Billings Gazette, KTVQ want city to pay legal fees in police sexual misconduct case

The Billings Gazette and KTVQ want the city to pay their legal fees after intervening in a court case meant to keep secret the names of police officers disciplined for sexual misconduct.

The two media outlets have asked District Court Judge Donald Harris to order the city to pay legal fees for the newspaper and television station, saying they wrongly had to go to court to enforce the public’s right to know. That right is laid out in the state and U.S. constitutions.

The legal wrangling stems from public information requests The Gazette made regarding the discipline for sexual encounters between three Billings Police Department officers and one city employee, which took place either on city property or while the individuals were on duty.

The trysts were discovered during an unrelated investigation into the city employee’s drug thefts at the BPD evidence locker.

The media outlets argue the fees are warranted because the city breached the public’s right to know. They say it exceeded and later violated court orders, and that it failed to act as a neutral party.

The city opposes the request, saying it worked diligently to redact the requested 1,000-plus pages of information while ensuring privacy protections for third parties. It also noted that some redactions the court ordered were more extensive than those the city had proposed.

Read more: https://billingsgazette.com/news/crime/billings-police-officers-disciplined-for-having-sex-in-city-hall/article_14af5787-bf37-5577-ab72-137731266381.html

North Carolina newspaper asks court to unseal lawsuit

FAYETTEVILLE, N.C. (AP) — A North Carolina newspaper has asked a state appeals court to order the public release of a lawsuit involving a car dealership owner charged in South Carolina with molesting a 15-year-old boy during a NASCAR weekend at Darlington Raceway.

The Fayetteville Observer reports that its attorney argued Wednesday that a Superior Court judge's decision last year to keep the case sealed was overly broad and should be reversed by the state's Court of Appeals.

An appeals court panel didn't immediately rule on the newspaper's request, which was opposed by a lawyer for parties in the sealed case. That attorney, James A. "Trey" McLean III, argued that the documents should remain sealed to protect children involved in the case.

Other news organizations, including The Associated Press, have supported the Observer's appeal.

Voting rights group behind secretive FOIA requests to Michigan clerks

LANSING, MI – A voting rights organization is behind Freedom of Information Act requests to Michigan clerks for ballots from the 2016 election. 

The national Priorities USA Foundation is behind the requests for information, a spokesperson confirmed. In a statement, the group said it was undertaking a research effort.  

"In light of numerous threats to voting rights in recent years, the Priorities USA Foundation is committed to identifying and eliminating barriers to voting and ensuring that future elections are fair and accessible for every eligible voter," the group said in a statement. 

"To this end, the Priorities USA Foundation recently began an in-depth research effort to determine whether any discrepancies exist in the ballot process across various states and precincts that might disproportionately affect certain communities, particularly communities of color and young people." 

The group contracted with an outside company to make the FOIA requests.  

In Michigan that resulted in a series of Freedom of Information Act requests that alarmed local clerks. A person identifying themselves only as "Emily" requested information from the 2016 election like poll books, voted ballots and absentee voting envelopes, including peoples' signatures, from clerks across the state.  

In cases where she sent payment, "Emily" blacked out the address on her checks.  

The Priorities USA Foundation is a nonprofit, non-partisan organization promoting voting rights through advocacy, litigation and research. It's affiliated with Priorities USA, a Democratic Super PAC.  

Ashland rejects proposal to videotape more meetings

The city of Ashland Board of Commissioners rejected a request to videotape more municipal meetings Thursday because of concerns it could dissuade volunteers and citizens from participating in local government.

The decision to reject the video proposal, however, was not without conflict. City Commissioner Matt Perkins later said the city's Director of Economic Development, Chris Pullem, misrepresented the cost of videotaping meetings in an email sent to volunteer board members. Pullem said the cost estimate was just a guess and he was trying to provide the information to board members he had available at the time.

"I'm troubled by the discrepancy," Perkins said.

And, it appears the city also violated the State Open Meetings Act by conducting an email poll of volunteer board members about the issue instead of gathering the information through an open, public meeting.

Read more: http://www.dailyindependent.com/news/ashland-rejects-proposal-to-videotape-more-meetings/article_3a31fe34-a739-11e8-a4e7-b36bc87c4891.html

Police video shows detention of Denver journalist

DENVER (AP) — Body camera video of police detaining a Denver journalist photographing officers shows one officer taking her phone and another handcuffing her right after saying she would be arrested for interfering if she didn't stop.

Susan Greene, editor of The Colorado Independent, was put in a patrol car in July after trying to document police tending to a handcuffed naked man on a sidewalk.

An officer used his body and hands to block her. When she stopped to talk, he said medical privacy law trumped her First Amendment rights to record the scene.

She was handcuffed after she then tried to photograph his badge. Officers told her to stand up and "act like a lady" and to stop resisting and relax when she said they were hurting her. She was released after about 10 minutes.

Read more: https://www.coloradoindependent.com/2018/08/28/denver-police-editor-handcuff-first-amendment/

Judge hears closing arguments in Galloway Sunshine suit

JEFFERSON CITY, Mo. (AP) — A judge is weighing arguments in a lawsuit alleging that Missouri Auditor Nicole Galloway allowed text messages to be deleted in the face of an open records request.

The Jefferson City News-Tribune reports that attorneys for the Missouri Alliance for Freedom, a conservative nonprofit, and Galloway made closing arguments Tuesday. A Cole County judge isn't expected to rule until late September or early October.

The nonprofit's attorney, Ed Greim, says Galloway's office violated its own policies about preserving records. Part of the issue for the auditor's office is their use of iPhones with settings that automatically erased messages after 30 days, unless the settings were changed.

Galloway's chief litigation counsel says the group was given screen-shots of some text messages, as well as 45,000 pages of emails and other communications.

Read more: http://www.newstribune.com/news/local/story/2018/aug/29/judge-hears-closing-arguments-in-galloway-sunshine-suit/741008/

Local officials respond to FOIA from ‘Emily’

City and township officials in Mason County and across the state were rocked last week by a mysterious Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request for all copies of all Election Day ballots and personal absentee voter information from the 2016 presidential election.

The request came from an organization called United Impact Group with a listed address in Astoria, New York, which is in Queens. It did not contain an explanation or reason for the request.

The letter was signed, simply, “Emily.”

The City of Ludington on Monday shared its copy of the letter, which included a contact phone number and email address, with the Daily News, and LDN staff subsequently reached out to the group seeking a comment about the motives behind the statewide FOIA request, but has not heard back at this time.

Representatives from local municipalities said the requests started to filter into the county around Monday, Aug. 20 and have now made their way to every township and city in the county.

United Impact Group has asked every municipality for Election Day ballots and related materials including copies of all ballots cast and counted, ballots cast and not counted, the reason any ballots were not counted and all rejected or spoiled ballots.

Also requested are copies of all absentee ballots and provisional ballots and the reasons why any were deemed ineligible or not counted. United Impact Group has also asked for “any and all records” containing the names and information about absentee voters.

Read the full story in Tuesday's Ludington Daily News print and e-Editions

Read more: http://www.shorelinemedia.net/ludington_daily_news/local-officials-respond-to-foia-from-emily/article_29852650-aad7-11e8-ad60-df20744bb0fe.html

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • Aug. 23, 2018

America, help! The freedom of the nation depends on you, hundreds of news outlets write

Here are excerpts from a nationwide drive of newspaper editorials to promote a free press and reject President Donald Trump's drive to scapegoat journalists as "enemies of the people." (Thanks to the many editors who e-mailed their editorials our way).

The Boston Globe: "Replacing a free media with a state-run media has always been a first order of business for any corrupt regime taking over a country."

Greensboro (North Carolina) News & Record: President Trump "believes there should be restrictions on how your government and elected officials should be covered, that there should be prohibitions on that flow of information. This in direct contradiction to the principle that the framers of our Constitution gave first priority ...

"That's the irrefutable reason that the authors of the Constitution specified a free press in its very first amendment. They were thinking about you."

Read more: https://www.poynter.org/news/america-help-freedom-nation-depends-you-hundreds-news-outlets-write

Kansas newspaper goes from endorsing Trump to denouncing his attacks on the press

It hasn't even been two years since the editorial board of the Topeka Capital-Journal handed Donald Trump one of his few newspaper endorsements in the run-up to the 2016 election, calling him "the wisest choice to lead our nation going forward."

But on Thursday, the paper will publish a very different editorial, as it joins nearly 350 other publications across the country in standing up to Trump's anti-press rhetoric.

"It's an acknowledgment that we're part of this community," Capital-Journal publisher Stephen Wade told CNN. "The people who work for me here, my teammates, they live here, they play here. We're just normal people, too. To make us out to be enemies is just not right."

Trump has routinely used the phrase "enemies of the people" to rail against the media, calling unfavorable coverage of his administration "fake news." The paper's editorial will zero in on these attacks.

"We're sitting here in Topeka, the capital city of Kansas, and we're in the middle of a heated election year," Wade said. "It's one of those deals where if someone doesn't like what's being asked, if they think we're not being favorable to their candidate of choice, then it gets to be very contentious. The cry of of 'fake news' starts to get yelled across the room. It's a difficult environment."

Read more: https://money.cnn.com/2018/08/15/media/topeka-capital-journal-trump/index.html

Editorial | How we restore faith in journalism

The president of the United States enjoys hurling insults, like a howitzer firing shells, at American institutions. The court system. The FBI. The “Justice” Department. The media. The U.S. Congress. As is true for all 487 people, places and things that The New York Times says Donald Trump has insulted on Twitter since declaring his presidential candidacy, none of these institutions is perfect. They make mistakes. Like the presidency, they also make a difference in people’s daily lives.

Consider the potential of tens of thousands of news media members. Consider the potential of The San Diego Union-Tribune’s staff.

These journalists seek the truth and report it while minimizing harm every day. They don’t promote any single person, ideology or political agenda. Their only agenda is the truth.

Just one example? Without the hard work of journalists at several local news outlets, the region’s deadly hepatitis A outbreak may have been much worse. When The San Diego Union-Tribune Editorial Board named the 20 unidentified people who died during the crisis as its 2017 people of the year, we wrote, “These 20 hepatitis A deaths represent the real cost of a series of public policy errors, missteps and inaction.” If not for journalists, these government lapses would have been more egregious.

Read more: http://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/opinion/editorials/sd-why-journalism-matters-newspaper-editorials-20180815-story.html

Judge blasts Sun Sentinel for publishing confidential information in Parkland school shooting case

A furious judge scolded the South Florida Sun Sentinel on Wednesday for publishing confidential but legally obtained information about Parkland school shooter Nikolas Cruz.

Broward Circuit Judge Elizabeth Scherer said the newspaper flouted her order that portions of a school district report about Cruz should remain shielded from the public. In the future, she declared, she will consider listing exactly what the newspaper can and cannot print.

Scherer did not rule on a school district request that the newspaper and two reporters be held in contempt for publishing the information.

At issue is a report released Aug. 3 based on Cruz's educational record, revealing what officials knew about him in the years leading up to his Feb. 14 attack on Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School, where he killed 17 people and wounded 17 more.

Read more: http://www.sun-sentinel.com/local/broward/parkland/florida-school-shooting/fl-florida-school-shooting-contempt-hearing-20180814-story.html

Government transparency bill would mandate regular updates

TRENTON, N.J. (AP) — A New Jersey lawmaker is pushing for legislation to require greater transparency in state government.

Republican state Sen. Joe Pennacchio said Tuesday he's pushing for legislation in response to an Associated Press report that showed state agency performance reports previously promised to be updated monthly would be updated quarterly.

Former Republican Gov. Chris Christie had promised the monthly updates, though some agencies failed to meet the deadline. Democratic Gov. Phil Murphy is keeping the reports, but his administration says they'll be updated periodically. Three of 22 agencies have not posted any updates since Christie left office.

Pennacchio's legislation would mandate updates and set up a transparency committee to advise and coordinate greater openness.

Pennacchio says he's pushing the measure originally proposed in 2012 in light of the AP's report.

UNC-Chapel Hill spends $21 million on academic scandal

CHAPEL HILL, N.C. (AP) — UNC-Chapel Hill has spent $21 million on investigations, public relations and legal bills connected to the six-year academic scandal at the school.

The university's total bill came from a Freedom of Information Act request from The News & Observer of Raleigh.

The school spent $3.5 million on a number of lawyers to defend it against the NCAA's investigation into irregular courses in the formerly named African and Afro-American Studies department.

The school got the result it wanted as an infractions committee panel ruled there were no violations because the school argued the courses were legitimate and available to non-athletes, too.

University officials say the $21 million did not come from tuition or taxpayer money appropriated by lawmakers.

Gov. Inslee condemns state lawmaker’s remarks calling journalists ‘dirty, godless, hateful people’

OLYMPIA — Gov. Jay Inslee said Tuesday that state Rep. Matt Shea’s remarks calling journalists “those dirty, godless, hateful people” should disqualify him from the public-records task force.

Shea, a Republican from Spokane Valley and member of GOP House leadership, made the remarks over the weekend at a gun-rights rally in Spokane.

In a tweet Tuesday, Inslee said, “There is no excuse for condoning such ill-informed and radical rhetoric from the House GOP caucus chair” and the remarks should disqualify Shea.

Inslee Chief of Staff David Postman said the governor’s office reached out to the House Republican chief of staff with concerns Monday about Shea’s remarks, though it didn’t ask for Shea to step down from the task force.

Read more: https://www.seattletimes.com/seattle-news/politics/gov-inslee-condemns-state-lawmakers-remarks-calling-journalists-dirty-godless-hateful-people/

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • Aug. 16, 2018

The New York Times: Inside Twitter’s Struggle Over What Gets Banned

SAN FRANCISCO — With his arms folded, Jack Dorsey paced back and forth in a conference room at Twitter’s headquarters on Friday afternoon.

In a rare look inside one of the social media company’s policy meetings, the Twitter chief executive gathered with 18 colleagues, including the safety team, to debate ways to make the social media service safer for its users. The discussion quickly turned to how to rid the site of “dehumanizing” speech, even if it did not violate Twitter’s rules, which forbid direct threats of violence and some forms of hate speech but do not prohibit deception or misinformation.

Twitter asked that members of its safety team not be identified, for fear of them becoming targeted by internet trolls. “Please bear with me,” said one team member at the meeting. “This is incredibly complex.”

For about an hour, the group tried to get a handle on what constituted dehumanizing speech. At one point, Mr. Dorsey wondered if there was a technology solution. There was no agreement on an answer.

Read more: https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/10/technology/twitter-free-speech-infowars.html

Can Trump’s White House legally ban reporters?

As long as reporters have covered government officials, they’ve sought greater access than the government was willing to allow.

The White House excluded a CNN reporter from an international trade announcement with the president of the European Commission on July 25, in apparent retaliation after she shouted unwelcome questions at President Donald Trump during an Oval Office appearance. Many observers viewed this move as an escalation of the Trump administration’s hostility toward journalists.

The Washington Post called the decision to exclude CNN’s Kaitlan Collins “highly unusual and possibly unprecedented.” Sen. Richard Blumenthal, D-Conn., called it “an offense against the First Amendment interests of all of us.”

But did the White House actually violate the Constitution?

As a media law professor, I regularly remind students that the First Amendment right of access to government officials, records and events is surprisingly uncertain. The First Amendment guarantees all Americans freedom to speak and publish without government interference. It has been broadly interpreted by the Supreme Court to forbid the government from restraining or punishing a speaker based on the content of the speaker’s message.

While journalists have a clearly established First Amendment right to publish the news they’ve gathered – even in extreme cases, like the leak of stolen Pentagon documents – it’s much less clear that the First Amendment protects the right to gather the news in the first place.

Read more: https://theconversation.com/can-trumps-white-house-legally-ban-reporters-101062

Salt Lake Tribune: Snubbed for a tourism grant, this Utah man launched his own journalistic investigation that caught board members enriching themselves

After a career as an accountant, Lynn David bought a 9,000-square-foot house just outside of Midway that he turned into The Hiking Inn, a bed and breakfast aimed at drawing tourists with a taste for the outdoors to this mountain recreation wonderland.

In 2017, David applied for a small grant from the regional Tourism Advisory Board, created to disperse a percentage of the hotel tax collected in Wasatch County, but he was turned down.

This year, David was back with a beefed up proposal and a request for $3,600 — which he would match with his own money — to improve The Hiking Inn’s website and to do some additional advertising. He was offered $500, such a pittance, he said, that it was pointless.

Then David got curious: Where was the money going? Then he got busy digging, and what he found disturbed him.

Through a series of requests under Utah’s Government Records Access and Management Act and a dive into other publicly available records, David found that for 2018, the Tourism Advisory Board had $50,000 to allocate and got 29 applications totaling more than three times that amount of money.

Read more: https://www.sltrib.com/news/2018/08/06/gehrke-snubbed-tourism/

The Missoulian: Documents provide new information on dismissal of ex-prison warden

Newly released documents provide more insight into the stint of a Montana State Prison warden who was fired before the end of his probationary period.

But they don't include specific details about reasons for Michael Fletcher's termination. Fletcher's hiring was announced in March 2017 and he briefly overlapped with the outgoing warden. He was dismissed in January 2018.

Because Fletcher was let go during his probationary period, the department could terminate him for any reason or no reason at all.

The nearly 150 pages of records include anonymous complaints claiming bad behavior by Fletcher, though it’s unclear whether the accusations were investigated or confirmed by the state Department of Corrections.

Fletcher disputes nearly all the accusations, which include poor treatment of prisoners, sexual harassment, trouble with alcohol and retaliation against employees who brought forward concerns.

A spokeswoman for the Department of Corrections would not confirm if Fletcher was ever formally investigated, answering a question about whether an investigation occurred by saying “The department has provided all available public records on this issue and has no further comment.”

Read more: https://missoulian.com/news/government-and-politics/documents-provide-new-information-on-dismissal-of-ex-prison-warden/article_72daa592-f802-5b91-b0a2-9be2ac1e3975.html

De Blasio lets security haul away Post reporter for asking question

Mayor Bill de Blasio is a such a big believer in the free press that he let two bodyguards physically remove a credentialed Post reporter who had the temerity to ask him a question in public on Sunday.

The unusual muzzling unfolded at the start of the annual Dominican Day Parade in Manhattan, where the reporter sought de Blasio’s reaction to The Post’s front page story about his administration’s many meetings with lobbyists.

It also came after Hizzoner appeared on national TV Sunday to proclaim, “I believe in a free, strong media with diverse views — I’ll defend it with all I’ve got.”

Just two hours later, after de Blasio cut a ribbon to kick off the parade and was posing for photos near West 37th Street and Sixth Avenue, the reporter asked him to comment on the Page One “CITY FOR SALE” story.

Instead of answering or even declining to answer the question, the mayor watched as two members of his NYPD security detail approached the reporter — who was wearing a police-issued press pass around his neck — with one grabbing his shoulder and leading him away from the mayor.

“Kevin, you have to leave. You can’t be here,” the plainclothes cop said.

Both bodyguards then escorted the reporter about a half-block away, where a member of the NYPD’s public information office, Officer Brian Magoolaghan, told him, “Come on, Kevin. No stunts today.”

Read more: https://nypost.com/2018/08/12/de-blasio-lets-security-haul-away-post-reporter-for-asking-question/

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • Aug. 9, 2018

The Baltimore Sun: Howard County human rights investigator accuses some school board members of discrimination, homophobia

hen Renee Foose stepped down last year as superintendent of Howard County schools, someone tied a “get well” balloon to her mailbox.

But the message had been altered: “Don’t” get well soon, her anonymous correspondent wished.

It was a token of the hostility that seethed beneath the surface of one of the highest achieving and most lauded school districts in the nation.

After Foose resigned last May, the county Office of Human Rights found, her top deputies were refused appointments and barred from meetings. One was banished to a smaller office.

In reports obtained by The Baltimore Sun, human rights investigator Cheryl Brower wrote that she had found reasonable cause to believe some school board members discriminated against three of Foose’s chiefs: Tim Thornburg, director of staff relations; Grace Chesney, chief accountability officer; and John White, director of communications.

They were targeted for supporting her, Brower wrote, and in the cases of Chesney and Thornburg, for being gay. She noted evidence that two school board members had uttered homophobic remarks.

Read more: http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/maryland/education/k-12/bs-md-howard-school-board-discrimination-20180619-story.html

The Oregonian: Oregon allows educators to be punished in secret

Several years ago, when she was a high school teacher, a new assistant principal at  Ockley Green Middle School broke a rule, partly because Portland Public Schools wasn't vigilant about communicating and enforcing the standard.

Twice, Regina Sackrider drank alcohol while on school field trips, first on an overnight stay and later when she ordered a drink with a meal. She didn't appear drunk and no one got hurt, state discipline records indicate. Both times she wasn't the only adult drinking. Portland Public Schools officials didn't feel the conduct merited action, but the state agency that licenses educators did after an investigator discovered the drinking while looking into an unrelated matter.

The ensuing investigation found her guilty of unprofessional conduct. State regulators put her on probation for two years, but also granted her a little-known mercy: Her misconduct would stay secret.

Since 2009, regulators have had the ability to punish educators in private as a way to give them a conditional second chance. This is done through an informal letter that goes only to the educator and the educator's employer.

This method keeps secret from the public not only the conduct of the educator, but the actions of the educator's bosses. For example, the secret Teacher Standards and Practices documents that The Oregonian/OregonLive obtained detail not only Sackrider's mistakes but also reference "a lack of training and policy conformation on the part of the school district.

Read more: https://www.oregonlive.com/education/index.ssf/2018/08/oregon_allows_educators_to_be.html

School board asks judge to hold Sun Sentinel in contempt over school-shooter report

The Broward County School Board on Monday asked a judge to hold the South Florida Sun Sentinel and two of its reporters in contempt of court over the publication of a report about the Parkland shooter’s years within the school system.

The School Board alleges the newspaper intentionally published information it knew a judge had ordered to be redacted.

After a judge’s order, the school district publicly released the report Friday with nearly two-thirds of its content blacked out to protect 19-year-old Nikolas Cruz’s privacy rights. But the district used a method that failed: Anyone could copy and paste the blacked-out report into a Word document to make all the text visible.

Sun Sentinel reporters Brittany Wallman and Paula McMahon, acting on a Facebook tip from a reader at 7:30 p.m., discovered on deadline the concealed text could be viewed. The reporters quickly rewrote the story reflecting the entire report, providing the first detailed account about the school shooter’s years in the school system, what the district knew about him and what mistakes were made.

The court filing alleges the Sun Sentinel knew what information was supposed to remain confidential because it had attended court hearings about the release of the report and agreed that certain material could not legally be disclosed.

Read more: http://www.sun-sentinel.com/local/broward/parkland/florida-school-shooting/fl-sb-school-district-contempt-20180806-story.html

Virginia pharmacy board member ousted over protest access

RICHMOND, Va. (AP) — Virginia Gov. Ralph Northam has ousted a Virginia Board of Pharmacy member and civic activist accused of using her credentials to access a closed site near the Mountain Valley Pipeline route.

The Roanoke Times obtained April emails through a Freedom of Information Act in which Secretary of the Commonwealth Kelly Thomasson told Freeda Cathcart she was dismissed from the board for misconduct. But Cathcart said Tuesday that she told Forest Service officials she was a volunteer and only used her state ID to identify herself April 9.

She said state officials didn't hear her side of the story before removing her.

She was arrested the day of her visit for violating a closure order, and pleaded guilty to the petty offense July 23. She was fined $150.

Read more: https://www.roanoke.com/news/local/roanoke/roanoke-activist-removed-from-state-board-for-actions-at-april/article_1a7008a5-6131-5f6d-bd3b-c63cbc0d6583.html

Report: Mississippi city broke law in closed garbage talks

NATCHEZ, Miss. (AP) — A hearing officer says a southwest Mississippi city government violated the state's open meetings law in reviewing potential garbage collection contracts behind closed doors.

The finding against the Natchez mayor and aldermen was released Friday.

The board could face a $500 fine for the violation, but lawyer Leonard Van Slyke tells The Natchez Democrat that such fines are rare on first offense. The decision is scheduled to be made Sept. 26 by the Mississippi Ethics Commission.

The closed meeting brought complaints from the newspaper, the Mississippi Justice Institute and local residents.

The contract increases garbage collection prices by 25 percent.

The report notes citizens should be able to attend meetings and observe everything.

Natchez Mayor Darryl Grennell says he didn't intend to break the law and will comply going forward.

Read more: https://www.natchezdemocrat.com/2018/08/05/ethics-report-finds-natchez-violated-open-meetings-act/

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • Aug. 2, 2018

White House bans network pool reporter from Rose Garden event

The White House took retaliatory action against Kaitlan Collins, a White House reporter for CNN, after Collins asked President Trump questions at an Oval Office photo op on Wednesday.

CNN, rival networks, and the White House Correspondents Association all spoke out against the administration's action.

On Wednesday afternoon Collins was representing all the television networks as the "pool reporter" in the room during a meeting between Trump and Jean-Claude Juncker, the president of the European Commission.

As is customary, Collins lobbed a few questions at the president. She asked about Vladimir Putin and Michael Cohen. Trump did not answer the questions.

Later in the afternoon, the White House surprised the press corps by announcing a press availability with Trump and Juncker in the Rose Garden. It was said to be open to all press, not just the small pool.

A few minutes later, Collins was asked to come to Bill Shine's office. Shine, a former co-president of Fox News, is the new deputy chief of staff for communications. Shine and press secretary Sarah Sanders met Collins there.

"They said 'You are dis-invited from the press availability in the Rose Garden today,'" Collins said in an interview. "They said that the questions I asked were inappropriate for that venue. And they said I was shouting."

Read more: https://money.cnn.com/2018/07/25/media/white-house-kaitlan-collins-press-pool/index.html

White House defends decision to bar CNN reporter from event

WASHINGTON (AP) — The White House on Thursday defended its decision to bar a CNN correspondent from attending an open press event but contended it had nothing to do with the questions she asked.

Deputy press secretary Hogan Gidley said Kaitlan Collins was denied access to Trump's Rose Garden event with the European Commission president on Wednesday because of her refusal to leave the Oval Office during a previous availability with the president. She and her employer, CNN, said she was barred because White House officials found her questions "inappropriate," which Gidley disputed.

"It had nothing to do with the content of the question," Gidley told reporters aboard Air Force One as President Donald Trump headed back to Washington from Iowa and Illinois.

Collins had served as a representative of the television networks during an earlier "pool spray" availability in the Oval Office. She and a handful of other reporters peppered the president with questions, including many focused on his former lawyer, Michael Cohen. A day earlier, CNN had obtained and aired a secret audio recording that captured Trump and Cohen discussing a potential payment to a former Playboy model who claims she had an affair with Trump.

Gidley said Collins "was told repeatedly to leave the Oval Office." She refused and stayed "despite staff, Secret Service, everyone trying to usher everyone out of the room," Gidley said. "And that can't happen."

Other journalists who were in the room disputed the White House account.

Read more: https://apnews.com/da0fca6bfc46433283f8ac5bb1573b93

Montgomery Advertiser: Here's why Alabama's Open Meetings Law is important to you

Failure to post a public notice. Private executive sessions without proper justification. Closed-door meetings to garner support for the firing of an official. Flat-out denial of entrance to outside viewers and unapproved media entities.

Those are a few of the many instances of alleged violations in the past few years of the Alabama Open Meetings Law, a law created in 2005 and updated in 2015 to ensure that lawmakers, city council members, transit boards and other public bodies debate, deliberate and vote within the public's view. Several people versed in the law, however, said that there are ways for officials to skirt the law, and one lawmaker has expressed a desire to further strengthen it.

Last week, the Montgomery City Council may have violated the law, but the city's governing body is not the only group to come under scrutiny recently. Last month, the town of Paint Rock made national headlines when a journalist from the Jackson County Sentinel wrote a column about the town's rules, which barred non-citizens and unapproved news reporters from meetings.

“It was pretty egregious,” said Brandon Cox, publisher and editor at the paper as well as the author of the column that sparked the controversy.

Read more: https://www.montgomeryadvertiser.com/story/news/politics/2018/07/26/alabama-open-meeting-act-punishment-enforcement-cam-ward-sunlight-foundation-city-council-montgomery/826232002/

'We are fighting for information about war': Pentagon curbs media access

At a mid-July news conference at the Pentagon, AP reporter Lolita Baldor asked Gen. Mark Milley, the Army chief of staff, about an attack in Afghanistan that had led to the death of an American soldier. But before he could reply, a Defense Department press officer cut in to say that Milley and the three officials flanking him would be answering questions only about the intended topic for the news conference: the announcement of the location of a new command.

The next question went to Jennifer Griffin from Fox News. Over the previous two days, President Donald Trump had roiled the NATO summit in Brussels with verbal shots at the alliance's members, so Griffin, after opening with a question about the new command, added, "I'm afraid I'm going to have to agree with Lita, we don't have an opportunity to see you enough. Gen. Milley, have you reached out to your counterparts in Europe after the NATO summit to reassure them that the U.S. forces are staying?"

Again, the press officer cut off the question before Milley could answer.

The incident, which left Pentagon reporters furious, was the latest flash point in what has become an increasingly adversarial relationship between Defense Secretary James Mattis' Cabinet department and the reporters who cover it. Chief among the complaints, according to defense reporters who spoke to POLITICO, are declining access to Mattis and other military officials, as well as a sense that reporters are not receiving the information they need to keep the public informed about America's military activities.

Read more: https://www.politico.com/story/2018/07/26/pentagon-media-access-restricted-743347

Newspaper: Indiana city paying $1M for Colts' hotel rental

WESTFIELD, Ind. (AP) — Records show that officials in an Indianapolis suburb that's now home to the Colts' summer training camp agreed to pay about $1.1 million over three years toward the NFL team's hotel rental.

Contract documents obtained by The Indianapolis Star through a records request show officials in Westfield committed to paying half of the hotel rental bill last year while publicly saying that no city incentives would be used. The team is leasing a 152-room Cambria Suites for roughly 30 days each summer to accommodate players, coaches and staff.

Todd Burtron is chief of staff to Mayor Andy Cook. He says the contract isn't misleading and that technically city funds aren't being used. He says money from Hamilton County's tourism bureau will cover the cost.

Read more: https://www.indystar.com/story/news/local/hamilton-county/2018/07/30/westfield-pay-hotel-1-1-million-host-colts-during-training-camp/842109002/

Another former OU attorney joins open records lawsuit against OU Foundation

The OU Foundation’s arena plans may be on hold, but an open records lawsuit against the foundation is pushing forward.

On Monday, Fred Gipson announced that fellow former general counsel for the University of Oklahoma Stanley Ward has joined him in the lawsuit. Like Gipson, he believes the OU Foundation should be treated as a public entity and its records should be subject to the Oklahoma Open Records Act.

“I read the suit in the paper and I discussed it with Fred and I think he’s absolutely right that there is a greater need for more transparency,” Ward said. “We talk about openness in government and we all salute the Open Meetings Act, we all salute the Open Records Act. The problem is in the execution.”

Ward said all too often governmental bodies look to block access to records that should be readily available and transparent.

Read more: http://www.normantranscript.com/news/local_news/another-former-ou-attorney-joins-open-records-lawsuit-against-ou/article_b7bd56fe-6128-5f71-b951-325625c92b40.html

Duquesne City Schools agreed to $300,000 settlement in child sex abuse case

The financially troubled Duquesne City School District last year agreed to pay $300,000 as part of a confidential agreement to settle a federal lawsuit that claimed administrators failed to act on reports of inappropriate behavior by a teacher's aide who sexually abused a 9-year-old girl.

The agreement, which the Post-Gazette obtained last week through a Right-To-Know request, was reached in February 2017 to settle a federal lawsuit that was filed against the district in 2013 by the family of the victim.

The lawsuit claimed that officials failed to act on reports that a teacher’s aide, Thomas DiDomenico, was suspected of abusing the student during the 2010-2011 school year.

Read more: http://www.post-gazette.com/news/education/2018/08/01/Duquesne-CIty-Schools-paid-300-000-to-settle-sex-assault-case/stories/201807310114

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • July 26, 2018

Arizona Daily Star: Banner Health's Tucson computer conversion yielded reports of medical errors

There were “numerous” reports of medical errors after Banner Health’s conversion to a new computer system at its Tucson facilities late last year, state records show.

Records of an Arizona Department of Health Services investigation into complaints about Banner’s computer conversion released to the Star after a public-records request were heavily redacted.

But the records indicate Banner’s Oct. 1 switch adversely affected patients and caused a high level of frustration among some staff members.

One complaint, dated Oct. 19 says, “The biggest issue is patient safety and harm to patients,” and that “many of the staff are in tears and frustrated because of the lack of support and empathy to the consequences of patient care.”

Hospital leaders acknowledged delays in getting patients registered, delays in ordering and receiving lab results and delays in ordering and getting medications, records say, but said no patients were harmed.

“Hospital leadership denied there were any incidents that resulted in a negative outcome to patients, however, the hospital’s occurrence log for October 2017 showed numerous incidents of medical errors reported to be a result of the conversion,” state investigators wrote.

Read more: https://tucson.com/news/local/banner-health-s-tucson-computer-conversion-yielded-reports-of-medical/article_eb92e133-201d-59d9-99d2-c8ce38a038fe.html

The Missoulian: Montana citizens have a right to know; Krakauer case could determine if they can afford it

Earlier this year, Mary Lou Pilati wanted to see documents related to a real estate sale by the town of Fromberg, outside Billings.

Questioning the sale price of the property, Pilati requested from the town copies of any proposed purchase contracts, bid letters, closing statements and other pertinent records. She made the request through a local citizens group, the.fromberg.advocacy.com.

In Montana, state statute requires government agencies to respond to such records requests "in a timely manner."

Five months later, Pilati believes all materials have finally landed in her mailbox, but getting them took five letters from the advocacy group to the town and a demand letter from a lawyer.

"They basically stonewalled us. But I'm like a bulldog. I never let go," said Pilati, who has lived in Fromberg since 2003.

On its website, the advocacy group notes it wants to "spark honest, heartfelt discussions" and return Fromberg to "her former 'Glory Days.'" At one point, Pilati thought the group's only recourse would be to file a lawsuit, but going to court was a nonstarter.

"I don't have a stable of attorneys, and I don't have deep pockets," Pilati said.

Read more: https://missoulian.com/news/local/montana-citizens-have-a-right-to-know-krakauer-case-could/article_2038f2c4-9cae-5936-b6ae-683f017f11c9.html#tracking-source=home-top-story-1

Settlement Reached In Defamation Suit Against Newspaper

SCRANTON — Former Lackawanna County Commissioners Randy Castellani and Joseph Corcoran agreed Friday to settle a defamation case against the owners of The Times-Tribune, ending a 13-year legal dispute.

The settlement comes two days after a Lackawanna County jury ruled a Jan. 12, 2004, article by former reporter Jennifer Henn falsely reported the men were evasive and uncooperative when they testified before a 2003 statewide grand jury investigating the Lackawanna County Prison.

Details of the settlement are confidential, said the newspaper’s attorney, Timothy Hinton.

“The newspaper is pleased the parties reached a resolution of the case,” Hinton said. “On behalf of the newspaper, we wish Mr. Corcoran and Mr. Castellani well in all of their future endeavors.”

Read more: https://www.thetimes-tribune.com/news/settlement-reached-in-defamation-suit-against-newspaper-1.2364077

Thousands of Colorado court cases hidden from public view

DENVER, Colo. (AP) — Thousands of court cases across Colorado — hundreds of them involving violent felonies — are hidden from public view, concealed behind judges' orders that can remain in effect for years, The Denver Post has found.

More than 6,700 civil and criminal cases have been restricted from public access since 2013, usually by judges who agreed to a request from prosecutors or defense lawyers to shield them, The Post found. Of those, 3,076 are still under suppression orders that keep the details away from the public — 345 are felony criminal cases — as they work their way through the legal system, according to state computer records.

Until recently, no information about any of the suppressed cases was available publicly — not the names of the defendants, the charges they faced or even the identity of the judges who closed them — until The Post began questioning the practice.

The Post identified 66 felony cases that remained closed to the public — including homicides and sex crimes requiring registration as a sexual offender — even though the defendants had already been convicted and sentenced, some to lengthy prison terms.

In every suppressed case, The Post found, the judge's suppression order and the reasons supporting it are shielded from public scrutiny. Courthouse employees and many law enforcement officials, including prosecutors, will not even acknowledge the suppressed cases exist, The Post found.

That means someone could be arrested, charged, convicted and sent to prison in Colorado without anyone seeing why, how or where, and whether the process was fair.

Read more: https://www.denverpost.com/2018/07/12/suppressed-colorado-court-cases-hidden-public-view/

Private messaging apps stir secrecy worries

IOWA CITY, Iowa — One app promotes itself as a way to discuss sensitive negotiations and human resources problems without leaving a digital record.

Another boasts that disappearing messages “keep your message history tidy.” And a popular email service recently launched a “confidential mode” allowing the content of messages to disappear after a set time.

The proliferation of tools that make text and email messages vanish may be welcome to Americans seeking to guard their privacy. But open government advocates fear they are being misused by public officials to conduct business in secret.

Whether communications on those platforms should be part of the public record is a growing but unsettled debate in states across the country. Updates to transparency laws lag behind rapid technological advances, and the public and private personas of state officials overlap on private smartphones and social media accounts.

“Those kind of technologies literally undermine, through the technology itself, state open government laws and policies,” said Daniel Bevarly, executive director of the National Freedom of Information Coalition. “And they come on top of the misuse of other technologies, like people using their own private email and cellphones to conduct business.”

Read more: http://www.leadertelegram.com/News/Daily-Updates/2018/07/23/div-class-libPageBodyLinebreak-Private-messaging-apps-stir-secrecy-worries-div.html

Florida publication seeks FBI 9/11 records on family's ties

MIAMI (AP) — A Florida online publication asked a federal appeals court to order a trial be held on its Freedom of Information Act lawsuit seeking FBI documents that may reveal a U.S.-based support network for the 9/11 hijackers.

The case heard Thursday before the 11th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals centers on reporting published by the Florida Bulldog about the FBI investigation into a Saudi Arabian family that abruptly left a Sarasota home two weeks before the 2001 terror attacks. One FBI document that was released said that agents had found "many connections" in 2002 between the family and some hijackers who took flying lessons at a nearby airport, including ringleader Mohamed Atta.

Florida Bulldog attorney Thomas Julin told a three-judge panel of the court that the FBI has been dragging its heels on releasing more FBI documents about the Sarasota case submitted to the 9/11 Review Commission, improperly redacted more material and claimed too much was exempt from FOIA release. Julin wants a lower court to hold a full FOIA trial on the dispute.

"Obviously, we don't know what is in those documents. We think there is severe over-classification," Julin said. "All of that is a huge deterrent to people using the Freedom of Information Act."

The judges did not immediately issue a ruling.

Media organizations including The Associated Press filed briefs in support of the Florida Bulldog, as did former Florida U.S. Sen. Bob Graham — a former chairman of the Senate Intelligence Committee. Graham, who attended the hearing, said in an interview that the public needs the full picture of how the hijackers pulled off attacks that killed nearly 3,000 people in New York, Washington and Pennsylvania.

Read more: https://apnews.com/0373c34fbc5f49c89c53565145953313

Minnesota Supreme Court says Victoria council members can stay despite many Open Meeting Law violations

Victoria City Council members who violated the state Open Meeting Law dozens of times cant be removed from office, the Minnesota Supreme Court ruled Wednesday.

Thats because the infractions occurred as part of a single trial, the high court said, and not as three separate, sequential violations as required under the law to unseat public officials.

The ruling upholds a previous decision by the Minnesota Court of Appeals, as well as the original district court ruling.

Three courts have concluded with finality that these council members should not be removed, said Janel Dressen, the defendants attorney.

Read more: http://www.startribune.com/supreme-court-says-victoria-council-members-can-stay/488563401/

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • July 19, 2018

Jury In Defamation Case Finds 2004 Newspaper Article False

A Lackawanna County jury today found a 2004 article that alleged former commissioners Randy Castellani and Joseph Corcoran were uncooperative when they testified before a 2003 grand jury investigating the county prison was false.

The verdict against the Scranton Times LP, owner of The Times-Tribune, is a key victory for the men, but it does not end the case.

Because they were public officials at the time, they must also prove the article damaged their reputations and that newspaper knew the story was false, but printed it anyway or that it acted with reckless disregard for the truth. That decision will be made in the second phase of the trial, which is scheduled to begin Friday.

The jury of six men and six women heard evidence over three days. They deliberated for just less than an hour before rendering their verdict.

Castellani and Corcoran filed suit in 2005 over a Jan. 12, 2004 story written by former reporter Jennifer Henn. The article, which had a headline “Dems Stonewall Grand Jury,” quoted an anonymous source who said the men were “less than candid” and that their conduct so irritated grand jurors that they wanted to “throw both of them out” of the room.

Read more: https://www.thetimes-tribune.com/news/jury-in-defamation-case-finds-2004-newspaper-article-false-1.2363333

165-year-old newspaper vows to publish despite office fire

WOODSTOCK, Vt. (AP) — A newspaper that has published every week since its founding in 1853 but recently lost its office in a fire has vowed it will publish this week's issue, too.

Vermont Standard president and owner Phil Camp Sr. said Wednesday that production was running one day behind normal schedule but he and his staff felt a duty to Woodstock, the community where they live and work.

"On my watch, we're always going to have a local newspaper," Camp said.

Early Monday morning, a fire tore through a building that housed the Standard's office, a restaurant and an apartment. Woodstock fire Chief David Green said the fire started in the restaurant and was being investigated as suspicious.

This isn't the first time the Standard, which usually publishes on Thursday, has been displaced. Its office was destroyed by flooding from tropical storm Irene in 2011, and it survived two fires and a flood earlier in its history.

Assistant editor Virginia Dean said since 1853 the newspaper has always published.

"We've been through 165 years," Dean said. "We've been through tropical storm Irene and other fires, and we've never not published. We have that history as a foundation, as a motivator."

The newspaper's staff is working out of Norman Williams Public Library in Woodstock, a town of roughly 3,000 residents. Firefighters salvaged the newspaper's computers, and the library's executive director, Amanda Merk, said its trustees are more than happy to provide the space.

Read more: https://www.centredaily.com/news/business/article215094845.html

 Judge lifts order for Los Angeles Times to change story

LOS ANGELES (AP) — A U.S. judge lifted an order Tuesday that required the Los Angeles Times to remove information from an article about a court document that was meant to be kept from the public, reversing a decision that had raised concerns about freedom of the press.

Judge John Walter said he initially wasn't sure if the newspaper had legally gained access to a sealed plea agreement and feared for the defendant's safety, the Times reported . Walter said an investigation found that the newspaper accessed the document because it was inadvertently posted in an online database.

The plea agreement that the Times wrote about Saturday involved former city of Glendale police Detective John Balian, who pleaded guilty to bribery, obstruction of justice and lying to investigators about whether he has connections with the Mexican Mafia and Armenian organized crime.

The judge said his initial decision was based on fears for Balian's safety. The newspaper complied with the order to change the story but filed an emergency motion Sunday for it to be lifted.

The court order "clearly violates the First Amendment," said Norman Pearlstine, executive editor of the newspaper.

"We believe that once material is in the public record, it is proper and appropriate to publish it if it is newsworthy," Pearlstine said in a statement.

Constitutional scholars who followed the case called it unusual for a judge to issue such an order.

Read more: http://www.latimes.com/local/lanow/la-me-ln-balian-order-lifted-20180717-story.html

EPA aide: Scrutiny of 'politically charged' records requests

WASHINGTON (AP) — The Environmental Protection Agency assigns public-records requests from environmental groups or others that it sees as "politically charged" to special internal review, a top agency official told congressional staffers investigating the actions of Scott Pruitt, the scandal-plagued former administrator who resigned this month.

EPA Chief of Staff Ryan Jackson told congressional investigators one such records request, from the Sierra Club, was a "fishing expedition." At the same time, he acknowledged directing the agency to respond to a public records request from a pork industry association that was seeking evidence in the pork group's own tussles over environmental matters.

The accounts are in a transcript released Friday of Jackson's session this summer with staffers in the House Oversight Committee's investigation of ethics allegations involving Pruitt.

Rep. Elijah Cummings of Maryland, the ranking Democrat on the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, cited the EPA chief of staff's account Friday in a letter asking committee Chairman Trey Gowdy, R-S.C., to subpoena the EPA over its response to requests under the federal Freedom of Information Act.

Jackson said in a telephone interview that the EPA has worked its way through what he called a 10-year backlog of public records requests from the Obama administration. Under Pruitt, the agency was receiving up to 60 new FOIA requests weekly, he said.

"We can't keep up with that. Nobody can keep up with that. What we do here is try to process them as quickly as we possibly can," Jackson said. Senior officials and others targeted in records requests review the agency's responses, but "they don't hold it up."

Read more: https://www.apnews.com/7de11cb2263c4737addb6d60d281dca8/EPA-aide:-Scrutiny-of-%27politically-charged%27-records-requests

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • July 12, 2018

The Island Packet, Hilton Head Island, S.C.: How many homes need closer fire hydrants? Beaufort County won't say

Two weeks after the Island Packet and Beaufort Gazette revealed that an unknown number of Beaufort County homes lack access to fire hydrants, the utility that maintains the majority of the county's hydrants has clarified why it will not release comprehensive data on hydrant locations: the risk of bioterrorism.

Experts in public records say the utility's explanation — that terrorists might use the data to contaminate the water system — is far-fetched.

"This appears to me to be an obvious pretext for avoiding disclosure of information," said Wallace Lightsey, a Greenville attorney who has represented the Associated Press and the New York Times Company in public records disputes.

Meanwhile, elected officials on Beaufort County Council are split on whether to release hydrant locations.

Read more: https://www.islandpacket.com/news/local/article214421389.html

Newspapers argue for release of prescription data

A West Virginia newspaper chain and The Washington Post asked a federal judge Monday to authorize three counties to release records that would disclose drug companies' shipments of prescription opioids.

HD Media, parent company of newspapers including the Charleston Gazette-Mail and The Herald-Dispatch in Huntington, and The Washington Post filed briefs Monday saying the release of opioid data wouldn't affect pharmaceutical companies' competitive edge, as the companies argued in briefs before the court.

The newspapers also said the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency and the pharmaceutical companies failed to prove that releasing that data would allow criminals to target pharmacies to rob them.

The DEA, the U.S. Department of Justice and the drug companies in June urged U.S. District Judge Dan A. Polster to block the public release of opioid shipping numbers that have been kept under seal in court records since March.

Earlier this year, the opioid data in question was released to law firms representing more than 500 cities and counties suing the drug companies.

The lawsuits allege that the oversupply of painkillers - triggered by doctors writing too many prescriptions - fueled the opioid crisis and a record-number of drug overdose deaths.

In June, HD Media filed a public records request for the opioid data with the Cabell County Commission. Two days later, The Washington Post put in similar requests with officials in two counties in Ohio.

The media outlets are seeking opioid tracking data from the DEA's Automation of Reports and Consolidated Orders System, referred to as ARCOS in court documents.

Read more: http://www.herald-dispatch.com/news/newspapers-argue-for-release-of-prescription-data/article_faa4acbf-609e-5e9c-9f02-8ce8ffdb5714.html

Colorado journalist says she was detained for taking photos

DENVER (AP) — Denver's police department said Friday it has launched an internal investigation into the detention of a journalist who was photographing officers as they tended to a man sitting naked on a downtown sidewalk.

The probe follows a report by Susan Greene, editor of The Colorado Independent, in which she said she was handcuffed and put into a patrol car Thursday after refusing an officer's orders to stop shooting photos of officers standing around the man, who had been handcuffed.

Greene said a police officer ignored her assertions that she had a First Amendment right to take photos on a public sidewalk. Colorado law protects the public's right to record the actions of peace officers.

She said she was released after the officer consulted with someone on his cellphone.

A police statement issued Friday said officers had summoned an ambulance while tending to "a person in crisis" near the state capitol building when "a bystander began taking pictures of the incident."

Read more: https://www.coloradoindependent.com/171068/greene-denver-police-handcuff-reporter-james-brooks

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • July 5, 2018

Civil Beat Wins Right To Intervene In HPD Arbitration Case

Civil Beat has been allowed to intervene in an ongoing battle over records detailing an arbitrator’s reasoning on why a Honolulu police officer fired for domestic violence should get his job back.

State Circuit Court Judge Jeffrey P. Crabtree’s ruling Thursday grants the news organization intervenor status in a lawsuit filed by Hawaii’s police union in May to keep secret the arbitrator’s decision to return Sgt. Darren Cachola to work.

Cachola was fired by the Honolulu Police Department after a September 2014 video surfaced showing him repeatedly beating his girlfriend inside a restaurant. Cachola appealed the decision to an arbitration judge who ruled the department was in error.

After the city announced it planned to make the arbitration decision public, the State of Hawaii Organization of Police Officers, also known as SHOPO, sued the City and County of Honolulu to keep the records secret.

Civil Beat, which had sought the decision under Hawaii’s public records law, requested to be an intervenor in May. Now that the request has been granted, the news organization will move to file a motion to dismiss the SHOPO lawsuit.

A call to SHOPO attorney Vladimir Devens was not immediately returned.

Read more: https://www.civilbeat.org/2018/06/civil-beat-wins-right-to-intervene-in-hpd-arbitration-case/

City offers to settle lawsuit over open-meeting law

SEATTLE (AP) — The Seattle city attorney has offered to pay about $4,000 in city funds to settle a lawsuit that alleged city officials broke the state's open-meetings law when they repealed a head tax on businesses before a public meeting and vote.

A copy of the settlement offer says the payment would cover any civil fines for breaking the law, but the city will not admit any wrongdoing.

A spokesman for the city attorney declined to comment on the offer Thursday.

The Seattle Times reports Lincoln Beauregard, the plaintiff's lawyer, sent a response letter to Seattle City Attorney Pete Holmes that said they wouldn't accept the offer.

The lawsuit's plaintiff and Seattle-based attorney James Egan says he is still weighing whether to accept the offer and is open to public feedback.

Read more: https://www.seattletimes.com/seattle-news/politics/seattle-offers-to-settle-lawsuit-claiming-head-tax-vote-broke-open-meetings-law/

APNewsBreak: Disgraced ex-Madigan aide to collect $130K

SPRINGFIELD, Ill. (AP) — The former chief of staff to Illinois House Speaker Michael Madigan who resigned amid sexual harassment allegations will collect $130,500 for unused vacation and sick time, according to documents obtained by The Associated Press.

A 40-year state employee, Timothy Mapes will be reimbursed for 91 vacation days and will get half-pay for 146 sick days for a payout of $130,516.28, according to records disclosed under the Illinois Freedom of Information Act.

That is in addition to an annual pension the 63-year-old Mapes can collect of about $134,000, according to calculations based on his years of service and recent years' annual salaries.

Forced to step down June 6 from his $208,000-a-year job, Mapes had been House clerk in recent years in addition to being the powerful Madigan's chief of staff since 1992.

Mapes was caught up in the sexual-harassment scandal that has dogged the Illinois Democratic Party, for which Madigan is chairman and Mapes had been executive director. Mapes' career ended abruptly after House Democratic staff member Sheri Garrett alleged that Mapes was dismissive of complaints of sexual harassment by lawmakers against her and other women and that he made sexually inappropriate remarks himself.

No one answered the door at Mapes' Springfield home last week when an AP reporter visited seeking comment. Mapes did not respond to written messages left at the home.

Read more: https://www.apnews.com/e719de032d9e4a4eb868c33617d4e6a2

Alleged recording of lawyer in Mill case given to newspaper

PHILADELPHIA (AP) — A lawyer representing the Philadelphia judge overseeing rapper Meek Mill's case has been recorded saying the judge was wrong not to grant a new trial.

Philly.com reports a documentary film crew recorded an off-the-record conversation with attorney Charles Peruto Jr., and a supporter shared it with a reporter.

Peruto says regardless of the alleged tape, he doesn't believe he said Judge Genece Brinkley made a mistake.

Mill's attorneys filed another motion last week to try to remove Brinkley from his case saying she showed bias in denying a new trial despite the Philadelphia district attorney's office agreeing a key witness was not trustworthy.

Brinkley had sentenced Mill to two to four years for a probation violation in a decade-old drug and gun conviction. He served nearly five months.

Read more: http://www.philly.com/philly/news/meek-mill-genece-brinkley-charles-peruto-mistake-tape-recording-20180703.html

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • June 28, 2018

City of Ashland violates open meetings rule

The city of Ashland approved a $50 million municipal budget Wednesday during a special meeting, but the meeting was later invalidated due to inadequate public notice.

The Daily Independent notified the city of an apparent open meetings violation after the meeting was held.

City Attorney Richard "Sonny" Martin subsequently told the newspaper it was correct -- the special meeting was not held in compliance with the state open meeting law, which require 24 hour notice to the public.

As a result the meeting is now being rescheduled.

“You are correct the notice failed to comply,” Martin said, adding he was responsible for the error.

Governments in Kentucky are required to give 24 hour public notice of special meetings. The meeting Wednesday was a special meeting but not deemed an emergency.

The Daily independent did not receive notice of the meeting until 5:10 p.m. Tuesday night, which is less than 24 hours as required by the Open Meetings rules. It also appears details of the meeting were not posted on the city's website until after the fact. The meeting was also not live-streamed as is usually the practice by the city. The city posted an item on social media a few hours before the meeting started, announcing it, saying it was having a special meeting, but it does not appear an agenda of the meeting was attached to the Facebook post.

Read more: http://www.dailyindependent.com/news/city-of-ashland-violates-open-meetings-rule/article_f27b401a-74d8-11e8-bc48-3be3d18fe3fd.html

Appeals court affirms UW-Oshkosh professor records release

MADISON, Wis. (AP) — A state appeals court says the University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh must release records related to misconduct investigation involving a business professor.

Alexander Nemec, a reporter with the student newspaper Advance-Titan, filed an open records request in March 2017 for a complaint against Willis Hagen and documents from an ensuing investigation. Hagen was a business professor who suddenly stopped teaching his classes earlier that year.

Hagen sued to block the release, saying personnel records are exempt from Wisconsin's open records law. A Winnebago County judge ordered the documents released.

The 2nd District Court of Appeals upheld that decision Wednesday, saying no exemptions exist for records of closed misconduct investigations.

Hagen's attorney, Peter Culp, didn't immediately reply to an email Wednesday.

Democratic lawmaker challenges Pruitt on EPA public records

WASHINGTON (AP) — Top political appointees of Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Scott Pruitt directed that they review in advance all of the public records released by the agency under the Freedom of Information Act, according to EPA emails disclosed Monday by a senior House Democrat.

Additionally, Pruitt himself told agency staff that the EPA should follow a "first-in, first-out" policy on dealing with requests for public records, responding to old requests pending from the Obama administration before moving on to requests for documents dating from his tenure, according to accounts from three former EPA staffers to congressional investigators.

The emails sent by EPA Chief of Staff Ryan Jackson and an agency legal counsel, Jonathan Newton, last June and July laid out a system for Pruitt's political appointees to review any FOIA record releases. In the emails, Jackson calls it a "centralization pilot project" for records requests at the EPA.

The Obama administration at times also subjected records requests to scrutiny by senior political advisers. A 2010 report by The Associated Press, for example, found that the Department of Homeland Security under President Barack Obama had instituted such reviews.

Journalists, interest groups and others routinely use the Freedom of Information Act to obtain information from the federal government. The act is designed to be insulated from political considerations, so that government information that does not jeopardize national security or personal privacy is accessible to the public at large.

The EPA recently notified some media organizations, including The Associated Press, that several public-records requests submitted in 2017 would not be processed before at least July 2019.

Read more: https://www.apnews.com/10f5d063c64544dfa4ade9377a3e5d05

Sobbing migrant girl on TIME cover actually wasn't separated from her family, her father says

TEGUCIGALPA (Reuters) - The Honduran toddler pictured sobbing in a pink jacket before U.S. President Donald Trump on an upcoming cover of Time magazine was not separated from her mother at the U.S. border, according to a man who says he is the girl's father.

The powerful original photograph, taken at the scene of a border detention by Getty Images photographer John Moore, became one of the iconic images in the flurry of media coverage about the separation of families by the Trump administration.

Dozens of newspapers and magazines around the globe published the picture, swelling the tide of outrage that pushed Trump to back down Wednesday and say families would no longer be separated.

"My daughter has become a symbol of the ... separation of children at the U.S. border. She may have even touched President Trump's heart," Denis Valera told Reuters in a telephone interview.

Read more: http://www.businessinsider.com/sobbing-migrant-girl-in-time-cover-wasnt-separated-from-mother-her-father-2018-6

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • June 21, 2018

Alabama town bans media, out-of-towners from meetings

PAINT ROCK, Ala. (AP) — A tiny Alabama town is trying to ban the media and out-of-towners from its council meetings.

The Jackson County Sentinel reported that the town of Paint Rock issued written rules earlier this year that prohibit media members and non-residents from attending Town Council meetings without prior approval of the members.

The rules also prohibit anyone from recording meetings and state that posting “any Town minutes, email to council members, financial statements, etc., to ANY unauthorized media source is strictly forbidden.”Mayor Brenda Fisk, quoted in an editorial in the newspaper, said: “What goes on in Paint Rock is the business of the people who live in Paint Rock.”

“I really don’t see the benefit for anyone outside of Paint Rock or who doesn’t own property here to come to these meetings. They’re open to anyone who lives here. Anyone else can stand outside the door, but I can close the door,” Fisk said.

That position appears to contradict the Alabama Open Meetings Act, which states that meetings of governmental bodies are generally open to the public and journalists. There’s an exception for special executive sessions.

It wasn’t immediately clear whether any media members or non-residents had been removed from meetings in Paint Rock, a town of about 200 people located about 20 miles (32 kilometers) east of Huntsville. Its business rarely draws media attention.

After the newspaper reported last week on the ban, which was dated Jan. 8, Fisk said it was only a proposal that wasn’t enacted.

Read more: https://apnews.com/14f7ab5ae02b481b8ba27a21ad0442ce

Gov. Parson says he won't block people on social media

JEFFERSON CITY, Mo. (AP) — Missouri Gov. Mike Parson will no longer block users on his social media accounts as he did when he served as lieutenant governor, according to the new governor's staff.

Parson and former Gov. Eric Greitens were the only Missouri statewide officials who regularly blocked critics and others on their social media accounts, drawing criticism from free speech advocates.

"Official social media pages, maintained by government employees, are a public forum," said Tony Rothert, legal director of the ACLU of Missouri. "Blocking or banning constituents because of their viewpoint would violate the First Amendment."

Since Parson became governor June 1, when Greitens resigned, his staff has created new official accounts, The Kansas City Star reported .

Parson's personal and campaign accounts on Twitter and Facebook will abide by whatever policy is eventually established and will unblock anyone who was previously blocked, his communications director, Steele Shippy, said.

"We are working to restore and build trust in the governor's office," he said in a statement to the Star. "We're opening the doors of the office and ensuring every Missourian has the opportunity to share their opinions freely."

While he was lieutenant governor, Parson's office often used taxpayer-funded staff to post information on his personal and campaign social media accounts to reach as many people as possible, said Kelli Jones, a spokeswoman for Parson who worked in the lieutenant governor's office and now is his press secretary. Parson posted some items on both accounts.

After The Star filed an open records request in May, Jones said the lieutenant governor's office changed its policy to confine initial posts about official actions on official social media accounts. Staff and Parson's family can share updates after a post enters the public domain.

Parson's official staffers no longer have access to his personal or campaign accounts, and the governor's office will not block anyone from seeing or interacting with its posts on social media, his staff said.

Read more: https://www.kansascity.com/news/politics-government/article213001574.html

Vancouver port to pay $500K to settle open meetings lawsuit

VANCOUVER, Wash. (AP) — The Port of Vancouver has agreed to pay $500,000 to settle a lawsuit over open meetings laws that the port admitted to violating while commissioners debated a lease for an oil terminal.

The Columbian reported Thursday that the payment will cover court costs and fees incurred by Columbia Riverkeeper, Sierra Club and Northwest Environmental Defense Center.

The groups sued the port district in 2013 after its governing board held closed-door meetings to discuss lease pricing for the then-proposed Vancouver Energy oil terminal.

In March, the parties agreed the port would admit to violating the Washington Open Public Meetings Act during executive session meetings.

The resolution came after a 2017 state Supreme Court ruling that found the port went too far during executive sessions when discussing the minimum price for a real estate lease.

Read more: http://www.columbian.com/news/2018/jun/14/vancouver-port-to-pay-500k-to-settle-open-meetings-lawsuit/

Edwards asks judge to force Wayne State to release Flint Legionnaires' docs

FLINT, MI -- The professor who helped identify the city's water crisis is asking a state judge to force Wayne State University to release documents related to another Flint water researcher.

Marc Edwards, a Virginia Tech University professor, and the Mackinac Center Legal Foundation filed a lawsuit with the Michigan Court of Claims Monday, June 11, claiming Wayne State failed violated the law by failing to produce public documents or to explain its reason for withholding records.

"Flint residents were receiving conflicting messages from the research at Wayne State," Edwards said in a statement released by the Mackinac Center. "After asking questions and failing to receive simple answers, they felt they had no alternative to get the information they wanted by filing a FOIA.

"I am hoping the public can learn the truth about the now public conflicts between Wayne State and the state of Michigan -- I am wondering if Wayne State is ignoring FOIA law because the documents reflect negatively on their employees," Edwards' statement says.

In his FOIA requests, Edwards requested information including emails to and from McElmurry and three other Wayne State employees working on the Flint Area Community Health and Environment Partnership project.

MLive-The Flint Journal could not immediately reach a Wayne State spokesman for comment, but McElmurry, who led a team researching Legionnaires' disease outbreaks in Genesee County, has told MLive previously that Edwards' "personal attacks do not help advance our understanding or help the people of Flint."

Read more: http://www.mlive.com/news/flint/index.ssf/2018/06/edwards_sues_wayne_state_for_r.html

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • June 14, 2018

Press Groups Criticize the Seizing of a Times Reporter’s Records

The revelation that federal prosecutors seized years’ worth of email and phone records from a New York Times reporter drew criticism on Friday from news organizations and press rights groups, which expressed outrage at the first known instance of the Trump administration’s pursuing the private communications of a journalist.

The Committee to Protect Journalists called the move “a fundamental threat to press freedom.” The Times, in its own statement, called the seizure “an outrageous overreach” and raised concerns about a chilling effect on journalists’ ability to report on the government.

The records were seized from Ali Watkins, a reporter for The Times in Washington, amid a Justice Department investigation into a former high-ranking aide at the Senate Intelligence Committee who was suspected of leaking classified information to reporters.

The aide, James A. Wolfe, 57, who retired last year, was arraigned in federal court on Friday on charges of lying to investigators about his contacts with several journalists. He has denied that he gave classified material to journalists, and prosecutors, for now, have charged him only with making false statements to the F.B.I.

Read more: https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/08/business/media/ali-watkins-records-seized.html?utm_source=CNN+Media%3A+Reliable+Sources&utm_campaign=e65feb89d0-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2017_06_06_COPY_01&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_e95cdc16a9-e65feb89d0-91452821

Mayor nixes move to ban media, non-residents from meetings

PAINT ROCK, Ala. (AP) — An Alabama mayor has backed down from an attempt to bar the media and out-of-towners from attending council meetings in her tiny, rural town.

Paint Rock Mayor Brenda Fisk told WAAY-TV she issued the ban earlier this year without knowing it would violate the law. Members never voted on the rules, written as a two-page memo on town letterhead, she said.

Fisk said she wanted to avoid Town Council meetings becoming a "circus" like they did a few years ago during a controversy over police in the town of 200, which is located about 20 miles (32 kilometers) east of Huntsville.

"It's on me. I did it all. Nobody has approved anything. It is not policy. It will not be policy and we do not stand at the door and tell you you can, or cannot, enter. Everybody's welcome," Fisk said.

Fisk previously defended the ban to an area newspaper, the Jackson County Sentinel. "What goes on in Paint Rock is the business of the people who live in Paint Rock," she told the paper.

Fisk relented after the newspaper published an editorial about the rule, which was in apparent conflict with the Alabama Open Meetings Act. Fisk said she made her initial comments to the newspaper believing a phone call from a reporter was a scam.

Members of the media and others were allowed to attend a council meeting on Tuesday night. A video of the meeting posted on YouTube by an area resident showed Fisk responding to audience members' questions about her actions.

"Excuse me. I'm talking," Fisk said loudly at one point, holding up a hand and pointing a finger in an attempt to silence others. She later said she had "personal reasons" for wanting to restrict meeting attendance.

Johnathon Counts, a lifelong resident of Paint Rock who has known Fisk for years, said he doubted Fisk was trying to do anything shady by blocking the media and others from meetings.

"She has a very good head on her shoulders," said Counts.

Public weighs in on FHCHC meeting closure

Three weeks ago, a Gazette reporter was barred from attending a meeting of the Flint Hills Community Health Center Board of Directors.

Legal counsel for the health center, Attorney Monte Miller, said it was federally-funded and not an instrumentality of Lyon County, Kansas, meaning it was no longer subject to the Kansas Open Meetings Act. Miller also asserted the center was not a division of the county, but rather contracted by them to provide the services of a health department.

In response, The Gazette filed an open meetings complaint with the Lyon County Attorney’s Office. An investigation into the claim is ongoing.

Currently, the health center receives taxpayer monies in the amount of $450,000 a year from Lyon County. This has prompted three news stories and an editorial which have allowed Emporians to provide their input.

“Thank you for bringing this to all of our attention,” Facebook user Melissa Wilson posted on an editorial by Gazette Publisher and Editor Chris Walker. “If they have something to hide then they don’t need our hard earned tax money.”

“Who cares if a contractual legal loophole that may or may not exist, allows closed meetings,” an emporiagazette.com commenter by the name of KS2NM added on the May 30 article. “For goodness sake, this institution treats serious medical conditions for the under-privileged. (Board of Directors) who cares if legally you are right, what happened to basic Kansas morality and transparency? Clearly, you are hiding something and instead of helping, this just hurts your case. Poor representatives of our community. Shame on you!”

“If funds are missing, I am not confident the public would be notified but I really don’t understand why (they) would want the meetings to be closed unless their (sic) is something (embarrassing)?” Greg Giger said in Facebook comment. “I just finished reading some reviews on their Facebook and was not very impressed.”

As of Monday afternoon, a total of 552 users had reacted to an unofficial poll on emporiagazette.com asking, “Should Flint Hills Community Health Center and other entities which receive public funds be subject to open meetings laws?” Close to 82 percent — 451 of those polled — answered “yes.”

Read more: http://www.emporiagazette.com/area_news/article_19541ebc-bb19-554d-a1c9-ac6e81dd243e.html

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • June 7, 2018

Puerto Rico agency sues government to obtain death data

SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico (AP) — Puerto Rico's Institute of Statistics announced Friday that it has sued the U.S. territory's health department and demographic registry seeking to obtain data on the number of deaths following Hurricane Maria as a growing number of critics accuse the government of lacking transparency.

The lawsuit was filed Thursday, the same day Puerto Rico Gov. Ricardo Rossello told CNN there would be "hell to pay" if officials don't release mortality data. Puerto Rico's Health Department released some information Friday, saying an additional 1,397 overall deaths were reported from September to December in 2017, compared with the same period the previous year. However, officials did not provide causes of death for any of the 11,459 total people deceased during the period.

The institute's director, Mario Marazzi-Santiago, told The Associated Press that he was pleased with the information released, but that the lawsuit will continue because officials have not released details of each individual death.

Many believe the official toll of 64 deaths is a severe undercount, and anger is building across the island as the families of victims seek answers.

Road widening challenged for city's lack of advance notice

THOMASVILLE, Ga. (AP) — Some south Georgia residents are challenging a road widening.

The Thomasville City Council voted 3-2 on May 14 for the widening, but the Thomasville Times-Enterprise reports that lawyers hired by opponents demand that the city reverse the action.

That's because the matter wasn't placed on the council's agenda beforehand, meaning residents didn't know officials would vote. Opponents say that violates state law and ask Georgia Attorney General Christopher Carr to investigate.

City attorney Tim Sanders says he doesn't know if the city will rescind the vote.

Thomasville seeks to widen the road from two lanes to three. Mayor Greg Hobbs referred to a plan in the May 14 meeting, but opponents say no traffic or engineering study exists.

Opponents also want records of phone calls and emails among city officials.

CIA releases records after University of Washington lawsuit

SEATTLE (AP) — The CIA has turned over 139 documents to settle a lawsuit brought by the University of Washington's Center for Human Rights.

The Seattle Times reports that the university's researchers have been looking into alleged abuses by U.S.-backed troops during El Salvador's civil war, which lasted from 1980 until 1991. They sued when the agency failed to turn over documents they sought under the Freedom of Information Act.

The settlement, reached last week in U.S. District Court in Seattle, brought the release of documents related to former El Salvadoran Col. Sigifredo Ochoa Pérez and his potential ties to the U.S. Some of the documents were formerly designated top secret, and some have never before been seen outside the agency.

The Center for Human Rights' director, Angelina Snodgrass Godoy, said she was pleased with the settlement.

Read more: https://jsis.washington.edu/humanrights/2018/05/30/uwchr-celebrates-success-of-foia-lawsuit-against-cia/

Kansas City Star: KC’s bus agency says it’s above the law, can keep secrets from taxpayers

When an internal investigation found that employees of Kansas City's RideKC bus system were stealing parts, tools and supplies, the transit authority's human resources director appealed to the system's CEO: Bring in the FBI, he said.

Instead, Jimmy Fight was disparaged and fired for raising the issue, he alleges in a little-known lawsuit filed in late 2016. Little known because the case was settled for an undisclosed cash payment three months after it was filed, which is particularly swift for almost any lawsuit.

In exchange, Fight promised to keep quiet about both the payout and the theft allegations that led to it.

Now, more than a year later, the Kansas City Area Transportation Authority likewise refuses to reveal the amount of that settlement, the extent of the alleged thievery within the organization or why CEO Robbie Makinen rejected Fight's suggestion that outside law enforcement be brought in to investigate.

The authority denied The Star's request for documents that would show how much Fight was paid for his silence, citing a new policy that troubles advocates of government transparency.

That policy, adopted in January, states that the taxpayer-funded transit agency is not subject to the open records or open meetings laws of either Missouri and Kansas. The ATA operates regular bus and para-transit services under contract with local governments on both sides of the state line.

While the transportation authority will be "guided by" both state's open records and open meetings laws, the policy states that the KCATA may withhold records and close meetings at its discretion and face no penalty for doing so.

First Amendment lawyer Mark Johnson said he finds that policy "disingenuous" considering that the legal settlement amounts paid out by governmental agencies are matters of public record in both states.

"Not releasing the information is certainly inconsistent with the spirit and purpose of the open records laws in both Missouri and Kansas," said Johnson, who is with the Dentons law firm in Kansas City.

Read more: http://www.kansascity.com/news/politics-government/article212191979.html

5 years on, US government still counting Snowden leak costs

WASHINGTON (AP) — Whistleblower or traitor, leaker or public hero?

National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden blew the lid off U.S. government surveillance methods five years ago, but intelligence chiefs complain that revelations from the trove of classified documents he disclosed are still trickling out.

That includes recent reporting on a mass surveillance program run by close U.S. ally Japan and on how the NSA targeted bitcoin users to gather intelligence to counterterrorism, narcotics and money laundering — both stories published by The Intercept, an investigative publication with access to Snowden documents.

The top U.S. counterintelligence official said journalists have publicly released only about 1 percent taken by the 34-year-old American, now living in exile in Russia, "so we don't see this issue ending anytime soon."

"This past year, we had more international, Snowden-related documents and breaches than ever," Bill Evanina, who directs the National Counterintelligence and Security Center, said at a recent conference. "Since 2013, when Snowden left, there have been thousands of articles around the world with really sensitive stuff that's been leaked."

On June 5, 2013, The Guardian in Britain published the first story based on Snowden's disclosures. It revealed that a secret court order was allowing the U.S. government to get Verizon to share the phone records of millions of Americans. Later stories, including those in The Washington Post, disclosed other snooping and how U.S. and British spy agencies had accessed information from cables carrying the world's telephone and internet traffic.

Snowden's defenders maintain that the U.S. government has for years exaggerated the damage his disclosures caused. Glenn Greenwald, a former journalist at The Guardian, said there are "thousands upon thousands of documents" that journalists have chosen not to publish because they would harm peoples' reputation or privacy rights or because it would expose "legitimate surveillance programs."

Read more: https://apnews.com/f8424471585f44da95918c0e784e83af

OU Foundation denies records request

NORMAN — When a group of 70 Norman residents filed various open records requests Tuesday related to the University North Park arena and entertainment district proposal, they didn’t suspect it would take long to get a response.

On Thursday, the OU Foundation proved that true, rejecting the group’s records inquiry outright.

In a letter addressed to attorney Fred Gipson, who filed the requests on behalf of the citizen group that includes former Mayor Cindy Rosenthal and former council member Greg Jungman, OU Foundation President Guy Patton expressed surprise at the request and denied it on the grounds that the foundation is not a public entity.

He said the foundation has been transparent through the process of promoting the arena proposal and hasn’t withheld any information.

“… The foundation has provided plans, reports and other relevant data concerning the feasibility and economic impact of the proposed arena and entertainment district in a transparent, collaborative fashion in a variety of public forums and through its own public website," he said. "The foundation has been working in close contact with the mayor, members of the [city] council, Norman city staff and consultants to the city for almost a year.

"We have approached this opportunity in the spirit of a partnership with both the city of Norman and the University of Oklahoma and, as such, have consistently presented the community with the opportunity to discuss, debate and disagree about the merits of our efforts to further develop University North Park.”

Read more: http://www.normantranscript.com/news/local_news/ou-foundation-denies-records-request/article_6d9eca2c-e698-54d3-98b4-7309bf9228cf.html

AG’s office finds EKU council did not violate open meetings law

Weeks after the Kentucky Attorney General’s Office released an opinion finding that the Eastern Kentucky University Board of Regents violated the Open Meetings Act when it discussed layoffs that were part of massive cuts to the university, it has stated that a committee making recommendations on program cuts was not in violation when it met to discuss and vote on its recommendations.

The EKU Board of Regents voted in April to suspend 17 programs, including associate nursing, theatre and economics. Most of the programs were recommended for suspension by the Council on Academic Affairs, which met in March to vote on the recommendations.

An appeal to the attorney general’s office was filed by Nancy McKenney, co-vice president of the EKU chapter of the American Association of University Professors, after her request for a record of the votes taken at the council’s March 29 meeting was denied.

The opinion, released May 30 by the attorney general’s office, states that the council is not subject to the state’s open meeting law. A previous opinion by the office stated that the law is intended to provide public access to meetings of decision-making bodies but it is not intended to provide access to their day-to-day administrative work.

The council does not have authority to take action and only advised the Board of Regents, which is the decision-making authority, the opinion states.

The EKU Board of Regents did violate the state’s open meetings laws around that same time — on March 19 —when it met in a meeting closed to the public to discuss potential layoffs, the attorney general’s office stated in an opinion released earlier this month.

Kentucky open meeting laws allow a public agency to close a meeting to the public when it involves discussion that might lead to the dismissal of an individual employee, but states the exception does not permit “discussion of general personnel matters in secret.” (KRS 61.810 (f))

The university’s student newspaper, the Eastern Progress, filed a complaint with the board, and then filed an appeal with the attorney general’s office.

Justices: Chambers that get tax money aren't public bodies

COLUMBIA, S.C. (AP) — An open government advocate says a South Carolina Supreme Court decision means the public won't have the right to know how $60 million in taxes are spent.

Justices ruled 4-1 on Wednesday the Hilton Head Island-Bluffton Chamber of Commerce isn't a public body under the state Freedom of Information Act.

The chamber received nearly $2 million from accommodation taxes last year. Overall, the state collects about $60 million from the 2 percent tax on hotel rooms and gives some of that money to chambers to promote tourism.

The chambers say they already have strong oversight and a ruling against them would mean more red tape.

South Carolina Press Association Executive Director Bill Rogers says the ruling means the money is "going down a rat hole never to be seen again."

 

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • May 31, 2018

Records advocates sue over sealed documents in opioid suit

The Tennessee Coalition for Open Government and the Knoxville News Sentinel are asking a judge to give the public access to all records in the state's lawsuit against the makers of the world's top-selling painkiller.

Tennessee was one of six states last week that filed a lawsuit against Purdue Pharma, the maker of OxyContin, a drug at the center of America's opioid crisis. Tennessee's complaint was filed under seal, and a judge gave Purdue Pharma 10 days to argue that it should be kept from the public.

TCOG and the newspaper asked to intervene, arguing that the state is in an addiction crisis and citizens have a compelling interest in the lawsuit.

Judge rules against city of Columbia in open records lawsuit

A Boone County judge has ruled that the city of Columbia violated the state's Sunshine law during a disagreement with the city's police union.

Circuit Judge Brouck Jacobs ruled this week that City Manager Mike Matthes violated the law in September 2016 when he refused to release public documents sought by the Columbia Police Officers' Association.

The union represents most Columbia police officers. It sued the city in October 2016 after Matthes' denied the request for responses to surveys Matthes gave police officers concerning work-related issues.

The Columbia Daily Tribune reports Matthes contended the responses to the survey contained personnel information and could hurt morale.

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • May 24, 2018

Audit: Many entities require ID to access public records

NASHVILLE, Tenn. (AP) — Not all government public records policies are helping to make records more accessible to residents — especially for those who can't easily prove state residency — a new audit from the Tennessee Coalition for Open Government has found.

The audit of municipalities, counties and school districts found that 84 percent of the 259 policies obtained and analyzed by the nonprofit advocacy group between October and March required the person making a request to provide identification proving Tennessee residency.

"It's an example of a requirement that seems to have very little purpose," said Deborah Fisher, executive director of TCOG. "Even if the person wasn't a citizen of Tennessee, why would you withhold the minutes of a public meeting?"

Though state law allows government entities to require a government-issued photo ID to request public records, the state does not require such a provision.

The biggest problem with requiring identification as a condition for access to public records, Fisher said, is that it can be used as a bureaucratic hurdle to delay requests, particularly for routine public records and when there is no reasonable doubt of a person's residency.

The Tennessee Coalition for Open Government, established in 2003, works to preserve and improve access to public information through an alliance of journalists, civic groups and citizens. Its two dozen board members include leaders of news, civic and legal organizations around the state.

The coalition set out to examine 306 policies around Tennessee in all 95 counties to determine whether the legislature's new requirement of written public record policies was in fact promoting transparency and making it easier for residents to obtain copies of public records.

Read more: https://www.seattletimes.com/nation-world/audit-many-entities-require-id-to-access-public-records/

Legal experts: MSU didn't violate Open Meetings Act

Beth LeBlanc and Francis X. Donnelly, DetroitNews

When Michigan State University agreed Tuesday to reach a settlement with the victims of former sports doctor Larry Nassar, the only people aware of the decision were MSU officials.

The first time the public learned of the settlement was when the university announced it Wednesday.

Despite the lack of public oversight, the school's action didn't violate open-government laws, said legal experts.

A public group may consult privately with its attorney about pending litigation if doing so publicly would hurt the group financially during the litigation, according to the state Open Meetings Act.

Among the MSU officials discussing the settlement during a conference call Tuesday night were Robert Young Jr., special counsel, interim President John Engler, and members of the Board of Trustees.

James Stewart, an attorney for The Detroit News, said the fact the phone conversation could adversely impact MSU if it was held publicly showed the school was in compliance with the law.

"Is it a technical violation, maybe, but I have a hard time getting too worked up about it," he said.

Read more: https://www.detroitnews.com/story/news/local/michigan/2018/05/16/msu-settlement-legal-experts/35002285/

Legal fight rages on over coroner's inquest into teenager's death

FAYETTE — The Missouri Supreme Court could be tasked with interpreting the state's open record laws, Judge Scott Hayes of the 14th Judicial Circuit Court said on Wednesday.

The legal question at hand is whether or not Howard County Coroner Frank Flaspohler is considered a law enforcement officer under the Sunshine Law. If Flaspohler's office is a law enforcement agency, he would be exempt from making public records from an inquest into the death of Kenneth Suttner.

"No one will listen to a thing I say until the court of appeals makes its ruling," Hayes said in court Wednesday.

No clear timeline was established Wednesday as to when the Supreme Court might hear the case.

Hayes previously ruled in October that the coroner's office is not a law enforcement agency. He later ruled on Feb. 7 that the records were public. However, Flaspohler still maintains that the coroner's office is a law enforcement agency, and therefore exempt from turning over the records and not in violation of the law.

The case in question, Glasgow School District v. Howard County Coroner, has been in legal limbo for 15 months. It stems from the high-profile Suttner case. In December 2016, Suttner, a 17-year-old student at Glasgow High School, killed himself. Reports of relentless bullying of Suttner at school and work led the coroner to call a special inquest into the circumstances of his death.

Read more: https://www.columbiamissourian.com/news/local/legal-fight-rages-on-over-coroner-s-inquest-into-teenager/article_9ccd29d8-5932-11e8-b12a-5b307e4d0e5d.html

EPA blocks some media from summit, then reverses course

NEW YORK (AP) — A reporter for The Associated Press was grabbed by the shoulders and shoved out of an Environmental Protection Agency building by a security guard Tuesday for trying to cover a meeting on water contaminants in which some reporters were welcomed and others were not.

An aide to EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt later called to apologize to AP reporter Ellen Knickmeyer and said the incident is being looked into. Knickmeyer, who said she was not hurt, was later let into the meeting when the EPA reversed course and opened it to all reporters.

Representatives from CNN and E&E News, which covers energy and environment issues, were also initially barred from the meeting.

Even for an administration with a contentious relationship with the press and a president who has put the phrase “fake news” into the lexicon, Tuesday’s events were unusual.

Pruitt had convened what he called a national summit on dangerous chemicals that have been found in some water systems. Some 200 people attended, including representatives of states, tribes and the chemical industry and environmentalists.

Pruitt’s remarks at the meeting were listed on his public schedule and described as being open to the press on a federal daybook of events.

Knickmeyer said she called Monday about the event and was told by EPA spokesman Jahan Wilcox that it was invitation-only and there was no room for her. She said she showed up anyway, and was told by a security guard that she couldn’t enter. She said she asked to speak to a representative from the press office, was refused and told to get out. Photos of the event showed several empty seats.

After security told her that “we can make you get out,” Knickmeyer said she took out her phone to record what was happening. Some of the security guards reached for it, and a woman grabbed her shoulders from behind and pushed her about five feet out the door.

Wilcox issued a statement late Tuesday saying Knickmeyer “pushed through the security entrance.” After the AP objected to the characterization, the spokesman issued a second statement removing that account and instead saying Knickmeyer “showed up at EPA but refused to leave the building after being asked to do so.”

Read more: https://www.apnews.com/7c5ce52b316a4c91930a0998cd613115/EPA-blocks-some-media-from-summit,-then-reverses-course

GOP fundraiser subpoenas AP over hacked emails, setting up legal showdown

A top Republican fundraiser has subpoenaed the Associated Press for information about the source of hacked emails that formed the basis of recent reports about him, people familiar with the matter tell POLITICO.

The AP has received the subpoena from Elliott Broidy — the subject of several recent articles about his efforts to lobby President Donald Trump and the U.S. government to adopt a hard-line stance against the Persian Gulf state of Qatar — and is planning to resist it, according to the outlet’s director of media relations, Lauren Easton.

The impasse sets up a potential legal standoff over press protections at a time when political battles are increasingly being waged via leaks of hacked data. A copy of the subpoena obtained by POLITICO demands the AP turn over all its information about its sources, including their names, along with information about how the AP obtained the hacked emails.

While several outlets — including the Wall Street Journal and the Hollywood Reporter — have published articles based on Broidy’s stolen emails, the businessman is singling out the AP for a subpoena because of the lengths the outlet has gone to conceal the identity of its sources, according to a person familiar with Broidy’s thinking.

While other outlets have provided Broidy with the original PDF documents they received containing Broidy’s emails, the AP appears to have only provided Broidy with scans of printouts of the emails, according to the person. Original PDF documents contain metadata that can be helpful for forensic analysis when attempting to trace the source of a hack, while scans of printouts lack such metadata.

Read more: https://www.politico.com/story/2018/05/22/republican-fundraiser-hacked-emails-ap-603404

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • May 17, 2018

'Golden State Killer' lawyers fight to keep documents sealed

SACRAMENTO, Calif. (AP) — Defense attorneys for the man suspected of being the 'Golden State Killer' argued Wednesday that prosecutors' search and arrest warrants should not be released publicly.

The Associated Press and other news outlets have filed a motion to unseal the information related to the April arrest of Joseph DeAngelo, a 72-year-old former police officer. He is suspected of committing at least a dozen murders and more than 50 rapes across California in the 1970s and '80s.

DeAngelo's public defender, Diane Howard, argued that making the documents public would result in media coverage that could taint witnesses and jurors, leading to an unfair trial. Prosecutors first moved to seal the warrants, arguing their release could hinder the ongoing investigation.

Howard's motion provides fresh, if limited, details about what type of information prosecutors put forth to obtain the arrest warrants. They include details on rapes DeAngelo allegedly committed, which can't be tried because they are past the statute of limitations, she wrote.

Also included is a statement attributed to an unidentified homicide victim, witness statements from decades ago, theories on DeAngelo's alleged methods and evidence items, according to the motion.

"Publicizing this information will affect the reliability of witness testimony and the fairness of the trial," Howard wrote.

The affidavits do not include extensive information about the use of genealogical websites used to link DeAngelo to the case through DNA, she wrote.

Attorneys for the news outlets argued unsealing the warrants could provide additional details about the techniques used to identify him. Their motion also cites the longstanding right to access court records and the immense interest in the case.

A hearing on the news outlets' case is scheduled for Monday.

Judge says 1st Amendment protects paper accused of littering

QUEENSBURY, N.Y. (AP) — A New York judge has dismissed littering charges filed against a newspaper publisher after complaints from people who didn't like the paper's political coverage or how it was delivered.

The Post-Star says Queensbury Town Justice Michael Muller ruled that the "This Week" newspaper is protected by the First Amendment and cannot legally be considered "refuse, trash or litter."

Muller found that the weekly published by The Post-Star contained "newsworthy articles of general public interest" as well as advertising.

A group upset over Post-Star coverage of the Queensbury town supervisor race had urged residents who didn't want the unsolicited home delivery of "This Week" to file complaints with the sheriff's office.

The prosecutor did not oppose the paper's motion for dismissal.

Post-Star publisher Robert Forcey says he's happy with the decision.

Councilman proposes bill to expedite FOIL for journalists

NEW YORK (AP) — A New York City councilman wants city agencies to give journalists priority to receive responses on Freedom of Information Law requests.

Democratic Councilman Ritchie Torres, who represents the Bronx, has introduced new legislation that would create a category of professional journalists for whom FOIL requests would be expedited. The New York Times reports the legislation would require city agencies to deliver requests within 10 business days, and then a further six month deadline.

Torres said Tuesday that the bill was inspired by reporting on the administration of President Trump as well as Democratic Mayor Bill de Blasio's legal battle to bar disclosure of certain emails.

A spokesperson for the mayor says he opposes Torres' bill, saying members of the media shouldn't have priority over other New York residents.

Muskegon school board may have violated Open Meetings Act again

MUSKEGON, MI – As the Muskegon Public Schools Board of Education works to "hit the reset button" and earn back the community's trust, its members may have again violated the Michigan Open Meetings Act. 

Discussion related the 2018-19 budget that may have needed to take place in an open meeting was part of a closed session on "personnel matters" on Thursday, May 3. That became evident when the board discussed the 2018-19 budget in open session on Tuesday, May 8, and continually referenced the closed session conversation.  

After the May 8 meeting, board President Cindy Larson admitted that the board had discussed "personnel matters" related the budget in closed session. The conversation seems to have included cutting positions and reducing some salaries. 

"Here's the problem, honest to God - and maybe I'm just not smart enough to figure this out - when we talk personnel, it directly impacts the budget, so it's really hard to separate the two, and that's what happened in closed session," Larson said. "We had absolutely every intention, which we did, to discuss personnel, but personnel also impacts the budget. That's all I can say." 

When asked after the May 3 meeting if the 2018-19 budget had been discussed in closed session, Larson said, "No, we talked about personnel issues." 

Under the Michigan Open Meetings Act (OMA), personnel-related topics that can be discussed in closed session are complaints, suspension or discipline and evaluations, but only if a closed meeting is requested by the individual. 

"That does not sound like it fits within the reasons for going into closed session," said Ashley Glime, an attorney for the Michigan Press Association Media Hotline, of the board's consideration of budget-related personnel cuts in closed session. "It definitely sounds like they're trying to get around the rule. ... If there's ambiguity, it should be decided in favor of an open meeting." 

Read more: http://www.mlive.com/news/muskegon/index.ssf/2018/05/muskegon_school_board_misused.html

Attorney: Board of Regents likely violated open-meetings law

LAWRENCE, Kan. (AP) — A Lawrence attorney says the Kansas Board of Regents likely violated state open-meetings laws by employing the former University of Kansas chancellor as a special adviser without taking a public vote.

Attorney Max Kautsch said regents could've violated state law when they gathered in a closed-door session to approve Bernadette Gray-Little's salary as special adviser, the Lawrence Journal-World reported.

"It seems pretty clear to me that it is a violation," Kautsch said.

Kautsch's criticism stems from a recently released letter written in 2016 by the board's president offering Gray-Little a more than $510,000 salary with the position "as an expression of our gratitude."

Board spokesman Matt Keith provided the newspaper with a 28-page FAQ document authored by the Kansas attorney general's office and said the regents have "the authority to discuss personnel matters in executive session."

"Accordingly, the board's practice has generally been to conduct any discussions dealing with personnel matters in executive session," Keith told the newspaper.

He said the act doesn't prohibit the board from reaching a consensus in executive session as long as it doesn't "take binding action in executive session."

But Kautsch argues that the board's offer letter fits the description of "binding action," which he said can only be made in public session.

"We already know it is unseemly because it took this long for it to become public," Kautsch said. "It seems like it is a violation of the open meetings act and a violation of the public's trust."

Gray-Little announced stepped down as chancellor last summer. She has declined to comment on her advising role, referring questions to the board.

Read more: http://www2.ljworld.com/news/2018/may/08/media-attorney-argues-board-regents-violated-open-/

Brockhouse requests DA investigate possible meeting violation by City Council

Councilman Greg Brockhouse has requested that District Attorney Nico LaHood investigate whether the City Council violated the Texas Open Meetings Act last week when the body concluded that San Antonio should not submit a bid for the 2020 Republican National Convention.

After an executive session meeting on Thursday, Mayor Ron Nirenberg announced to the local press corps that San Antonio would not seek the convention, saying that the majority of the council agreed that the cost of pursuing the event — an international spectacle that could draw 40,000 visitors, including 15,000 members of the media — outweighed the potential economic impact that has been estimated to be as much as $200 million.

After the meeting, Brockhouse and Councilman Clayton Perry both lambasted the decision. Besides attacking Nirenberg for “failed leadership,” Brockhouse also suggested that the closed-door meeting was a violation of the Texas Open Meetings Act.

Late Tuesday, he sent a one-page letter to LaHood alleging that the meeting violated the act and seeking an investigation into the matter.

Nirenberg said in a statement that the closed session was conducted within the scope of the law.

Read more: https://www.mysanantonio.com/news/local/politics/article/Brockhouse-requests-DA-investigate-possible-12898723.php

Missouri House votes to toughen open records law

JEFFERSON CITY, Mo. (AP) — The Missouri House has passed a bill that would increase the attorney general's power to investigate open records violations.

The proposal, approved Tuesday in an 85-59 vote, would give the attorney general's office subpoena power when investigating state agencies for suspected violations of Missouri's open records law. Attorney General Josh Hawley has said his inability to subpoena witnesses inhibited his investigation of Gov. Eric Greitens' office's use of a message-destroying app earlier this year.

The bill would not, however, increase penalties for violators. A provision for higher penalties was in a more expansive version of the same proposal that passed the House last month but later stalled in the Senate.

This bill now heads to the Senate.

School district shuts down information after Stoneman Douglas shooting

The Broward school district’s repeated, emphatic — and it turns out, false — statements that Nikolas Cruz had not been in a controversial disciplinary program fit a pattern of an institution on the defensive and under siege.

Facing significant legal and political exposure over the shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School, the district has tried to keep information from the public and put out untrue and misleading statements, frustrating parents who say this is the time for maximum transparency.

The district is fighting in court against the release of school surveillance video. It flatly refused to issue any records regarding the shooting to the news media, in a possible violation of the state’s open-records law. Superintendent Robert Runcie has blocked critics, including parents, from his Twitter account. More than two months after the shooting, a Broward Sheriff’s detective told a state commission on school safety that he was still waiting for the district to provide all of Cruz’s disciplinary records.

The worst came last week, when Runcie acknowledged that his forceful denials that Cruz had been involved in the Promise program, which is intended to provide an alternative to the arrest of students for minor offenses, were wrong. The district had repeatedly dismissed as “fake news” suggestions that Cruz was in the program.

Read more: http://www.sun-sentinel.com/local/broward/parkland/florida-school-shooting/fl-florida-school-shooting-district-stonewalling-20180510-story.html

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • May 10, 2018

Bentley schools to pay former superintendent until September

BURTON, MI – Bentley schools will pay former superintendent Chris Arrington through September as part of a separation agreement with the district.

Arrington, who took over the superintendent role in August 2016, announced his resignation at the March 29 board meeting after being placed on non-disciplinary paid leave in December 2017 as part of an investigation into job-related concerns under the district's whistleblower policy.

The separation agreement, obtained by MLive-The Flint Journal through a Freedom of Information Act, notes Arrington was paid an annual salary of $115,000, as well as healthcare benefits of which he'll still be eligible for until fall.

Elaine Beckelic, president of the Bentley Board of Education, noted in an email on multiple FOIA requests that Arrington and the governing body entered into "a memorandum agreement and mutual releases."

City rejects request to ID officers in shooting

HUNTINGTON — The city of Huntington is refusing to release the names of officers involved in an April shooting that left one man hospitalized.

Joshua David Ramey, 26, of Huntington, was shot by a Huntington police officer April 23, according to interim Police Chief Hank Dial, after two police officers responded at about 9:15 p.m. in the 3500 block of Bostwick Road, off Nickel Plate Road in the Guyandotte area, to reports of a suspicious person.

The Herald-Dispatch submitted a request for the police report concerning the incident under the Freedom of Information Act after Dial declined to release the names.

On Monday, City Attorney Scott Damron also declined the request.

"I have conferred with the appropriate officer at the Huntington Police Department, and I have determined that this matter is the subject of an ongoing police investigation. Therefore the release of the documents is exempt pursuant to the West Virginia Freedom of Information Act," Damron wrote in his response.

Damron concluded the letter by stating the city would be in a position to provide the documents once the investigation is completed.

According to previous statements from Dial, the officers had encountered the suspect outside of a residence and the man became combative with the officers, who first used a Taser in an attempt to subdue him. That didn't work and police soon after shot Ramey after he allegedly reached for a firearm in his possession.

Dial said Ramey's injuries did not appear to be life-threatening. One officer was treated and released from a hospital for injuries sustained in the incident.

Both officers were placed on administrative leave and will be offered counseling, standard procedure for officer-involved shootings with the department, Dial added.

Ramey has been arrested by Huntington police at least twice this year, and once in Putnam County, in cases alleging he was in possession of firearms, a large amount of cash and controlled substances. At the time of the shooting, he was out of jail on bonds amounting to $75,000 in two counties. He had an active warrant for his arrest for missing a hearing in Cabell County earlier in April, according to court documents.

The April shooting was the first officer-involved shooting for Huntington police in four years.

ACLU files federal suit over bus station citizenship stops

BANGOR, Maine (AP) — The Maine American Civil Liberties Union has filed a federal lawsuit against the U.S. Department of Homeland Security to get citizen checkpoint records stemming from a stopped coach bus.

The Bangor Daily News reports the ACLU filed the suit Tuesday after U.S. Customs and Border Protection failed to comply with a Freedom of Information Act Request that was filed in January. According to the suit, customs agents stopped a coach bus at the Bangor Transportation Center on Jan. 14 to check the passengers' citizenship status.

The suit claims the event is just one of many reports of customs agents stopping bus passengers without a warrant or probable cause. The ACLU says the department records are of "significant public interest."

U.S. Customs and Border Protection officials declined to comment on pending litigation.

Information from: Bangor Daily News, http://www.bangordailynews.com

City won't release settlement figure in lawsuit over strip search allegations

Hazel Park elected officials, the city manager, clerk and attorney, are withholding details of a lawsuit settlement reached with two women who claim they were forced by police to expose and shake their breasts during a 2016 traffic stop.

Several municipal and Freedom of Information Act attorneys say the settlement should be public information, based on the state's Freedom of Information Act.

Hazel Park City Manager Edward Klobucher told MLive on Thursday, May 3 that he didn't know the settlement amount, didn't possess a copy of the settlement agreement and wasn't going to "hunt it down."

Klobucher and city attorney Janet Drumm offered multiple reasons why the settlement couldn't be released: the city doesn't possess a copy; it was a confidential agreement and therefore protected by attorney-client privilege; and insurance company attorneys approved the settlement without the city's prior approval.

The attorneys "basically settled it without checking with us first" and "we were not happy," Klobucher said.

Read more: http://www.mlive.com/news/detroit/index.ssf/2018/05/hazel_park_doesnt_know_how_muc.html

Judge: police don't have to release body-cam footage of stop

CHESTERFIELD, Va. (AP) — A judge has ruled that a Virginia police department is not required to publicly release body camera footage from a controversial traffic stop.

The judge said the footage is considered part of a criminal investigation and falls under an exemption in Virginian's Freedom of Information law.

The ruling came after Chesterfield police denied Reason magazine's request for a copy of the footage. Police also denied a request from The Associated Press.

Police invited reporters to view the video at headquarters.

The Richmond Times-Dispatch reports the footage shows a car pulled over after rolling through a red light. Asked if he has anything illegal, the driver says he has a knife and starts to reach for it. An officer then aims his gun at him.

No shots were fired and no charges were filed.

Information from: Richmond Times-Dispatch, http://www.richmond.com

Victoria open meetings case heading to Minnesota Supreme Court

WASHINGTON — President Trump knew about a six-figure payment that Michael D. Cohen, his personal lawyer, made to a pornographic film actress several months before he denied any knowledge of it to reporters aboard Air Force One in April, according to two people familiar with the arrangement.

How much Mr. Trump knew about the payment to Stephanie Clifford, the actress, and who else was aware of it have been at the center of a swirling controversy for the past 48 hours touched off by a television interview with Rudolph W. Giuliani, a new addition to the president’s legal team. The interview was the first time a lawyer for the president had acknowledged that Mr. Trump had reimbursed Mr. Cohen for the payments to Ms. Clifford, whose stage name is Stormy Daniels.

It was not immediately clear when Mr. Trump learned of the payment, which Mr. Cohen made in October 2016, at a time when news media outlets were poised to pay her for her story about an alleged affair with Mr. Trump in 2006. But three people close to the matter said that Mr. Trump knew that Mr. Cohen had succeeded in keeping the allegations from becoming public at the time the president denied it.

Ms. Clifford signed a nondisclosure agreement, and accepted the payment just days before Mr. Trump won the 2016 presidential election. Mr. Trump has denied he had an affair with Ms. Clifford and insisted that the nondisclosure agreement was created to prevent any embarrassment to his family.

Read more: https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/04/us/politics/trump-hush-payment-stormy-daniels.html?utm_source=CNN+Media%3A+Reliable+Sources&utm_campaign=f2bfa2323a-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2017_06_06&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_e95cdc16a9-f2bfa2323a-91452821

Appeals court: Stories on Minnesota cop death were protected

MINNEAPOLIS (AP) — The Minnesota Court of Appeals ruled Monday in favor of two media organizations that covered the 2012 killing of a police officer, saying news stories that named a man as a suspect were protected because they accurately summarized official law enforcement statements.

The case stems from the Nov. 29, 2012, killing of Cold Spring police Officer Tom Decker. Shortly after Decker's death, authorities announced that Ryan Larson was arrested — but Larson was released days later without being charged and was later cleared.

Larson sued Twin Cities television station KARE-TV and the St. Cloud Times for defamation, arguing they went too far in reporting that authorities suspected him of ambushing and killing the officer. The media outlets argued their reporting was protected because it was based on information provided by law enforcement. The Associated Press was among the news organizations that filed briefs in support of the defendants.

The appeals court agreed with the media outlets, ruling that the "fair-report privilege" protects news reports that accurately summarize or fairly abridge information relayed by law enforcement during official news conferences or news releases.

Read more: https://apnews.com/dc58e9b696b740e9b6f08caaaf2b45a1/Appeals-court:-Stories-on-Minnesota-cop-death-were-protected

Rhode Island judge lifts order barring juror contact

PROVIDENCE, R.I. (AP) — A Rhode Island judge who had barred reporters and members of the public from contacting jurors in a high-profile murder trial has lifted her order.

The Providence Journal filed a lawsuit alleging First Amendment rights violations after Superior Court Judge Netti Vogel gave the order last month after a jury convicted Jorge DePina of second-degree murder in the death of his 10-year-old daughter.

The New England First Amendment Coalition, the New England Newspaper and Press Association Inc., and the American Civil Liberties Union of Rhode Island backed the paper.

In her reversal Monday, Vogel wrote that "members of the media are not precluded from contacting the jurors."

The newspaper's executive editor says he is "gratified that the court has confirmed our First Amendment right" to report on the case.

FOIA reveal: Governor shields ally and agency in alleged harassment case

When Iowa Gov. Kim Reynolds abruptly fired a longtime friend and political ally last month, she said it was due to "credible" sexual harassment allegations. But her staff said no other information would be available about the behavior of Iowa Finance Authority Director Dave Jamison.

Statehouse reporter Barbara Rodriguez and Iowa City correspondent Ryan J. Foley knew there was more to the story, and after talking with sources they filed FOIA requests for all correspondence and documentary evidence of the allegations that were submitted to the governor's office. After a month, the office told them there were no such records, prompting a rare case where reporting the denial would be newsworthy: that there was no evidence, no correspondence and no investigation into the allegations before Jamison was terminated.

Iowa Gov. Kim Reynolds' office now says it made a mistake when it said it didn't have a complaint detailing sexual harassment allegations against a longtime ally of the governor who was fired last month.

Read more: https://t.co/XcpPLIQkBq

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • May 3, 2018

AP, other media seek access to records in Mueller probe

The Associated Press and other news organizations asked a judge to unseal records in special counsel Robert Mueller's Russia investigation, citing overwhelming public interest in a case they said was among the most important in American history.

The news media coalition is asking specifically for transcripts of hearings in the ongoing prosecution of President Donald Trump's former campaign chairman, Paul Manafort, as well as access to sealed search warrant applications filed by investigators.

Any interest in protecting the integrity of the probe, which is examining potential coordination between the Trump campaign and Russia, is outweighed by the public's right to the records and by public interest in "one of the most consequential criminal investigations in our nation's history," the media court filing states.

The other organizations in the coalition include The New York Times, The Washington Post, CNN and Politico.

Read more: https://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2018/04/25/us/politics/ap-us-trump-russia-probe-media-access.html

Flint Journal: Former school superintendent rated ineffective days before he's ousted

Former Flint School District Superintendent Bilal Tawwab decided to leave Flint schools three days after he was given the lowest rating available during his evaluation, the Flint (Michigan) Journal reports.

Tawwab was rated "ineffective" in his review for the 2016-17 school year, according to documents obtained by MLive-The Flint Journal in a Freedom of Information Act request.

"Superintendent refused to sign when given this document on January 30, 2018," wrote Board of Education President Diana Wright in the only written comment made on the evaluation.

Tawwab then told the district that he'd serve out his contract through the end of next school year and would leave Flint schools, according to a Feb. 2 statement from Wright.

He didn't last that long.

Tawwab and two others on his staff were placed on administrative leave on March 13.

Read more: http://www.mlive.com/news/flint/index.ssf/2018/04/former_flint_superintendent_ra.html

AP: Texas church gunman vowed not to hurt anyone 5 years earlier

The gunman in a mass shooting at a Texas church last year told a military judge in 2012 he "would never allow myself to hurt someone" again while admitting to abusing his stepson and a long struggle with anger, according to Air Force records obtained by The Associated Press.

The documents and transcripts offer a rare look at Devin Patrick Kelley speaking at length and in his own words, as few examples have previously surfaced in the six months since he opened fire during a Sunday service in tiny Sutherland Springs, Texas.

Kelley killed more than two dozen people in November 2017 in the worst mass shooting in Texas history. He died of an apparent self-inflicted gunshot wound after he was shot and chased by two men who heard the gunfire at the church.

The AP obtained hundreds of pages surrounding Kelley's court-martial through a Freedom of Information Act request.

Read more: http://qconline.com/news/national/years-before-massacre-gunman-promised-not-to-hurt-anyone/article_fc58244c-e233-53d7-985c-218222285ae4.html

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • April 26, 2018

AP, four other news organizations pressed for release of Cohen client ID

An attorney representing five news organizations, including The Associated Press, successfully persuaded a judge to release the name of a third client of President Donald Trump’s personal attorney, Michael Cohen, in a notable victory for public access.

Joining with The New York Times, ABC News, Newsday and CNN, AP engaged attorneys Rachel Strom and Robert Balin to be present during the hearings for Cohen in New York.

Strom helped to keep the hearings open on one day, over several objections, while Balin seemingly made the difference in another day’s disclosure of Sean Hannity’s name as a client of Cohen’s – a revelation that made headlines.

The judge, after hearing Balin’s legal arguments, said that the client’s desire not to be named publicly was not enough under the law.

Judge rules that state documents in Jacob Wetterling case must be released

A Minnesota judge has ordered the release of state files related to the 27-year investigation into the kidnapping and murder of Jacob Wetterling, the Minneapolis Star Tribune reports.

Family members had objected to the release of certain documents they considered too personal, but District Judge Ann L. Carrott ruled that a Minnesota law unambiguously states that investigative files become public once a case has concluded, unless there’s a specific exception in the law.

A coalition of news media and open government entities has sought access to the full record.

CMU's Sue Guevera earns at least $340,000 under new deal

Central Michigan's historic run to the NCAA Tournament's Sweet 16 has earned long-time coach Sue Guevara a substantial raise that draws her significantly closer to the highest-paid women's basketball coaches in the state, The Detroit News reports.

Guevera's new contract, officially signed earlier this week, will pay her a base salary of $290,000 a year, according to details obtained by the paper through a Freedom of Information Act request. That's a 19.3-percent raise from the $234,000 she was earning under a revised deal signed in March 2015.

Her new, five-year contract runs through the 2022-23 season, a two-year extension.

North Dakota Industrial Commission falls 8 months behind on meeting minutes

The North Dakota Industrial Commission is eight months behind in publishing meeting minutes, and it’s not the first time for such a delay, the Bismarck Tribune reports.

Minutes for the commission that regulates oil and gas development, the Bank of North Dakota, the State Mill and Elevator and other entities have not been updated since last July.

Executive Director Karlene Fine said her assistant has been out for medical reasons for six months, which contributed to the delay.

“I’ve been having to carry the load for her and myself,” Fine said. “I haven't had a chance to get the minutes finished or up and posted. Our goal is to get them up after every meeting.”

But Sarah Vogel, who once served on the commission as former North Dakota attorney general, said the blame for the backlog ought to fall on the elected members of the Industrial Commission, not the staff.

Unsealed documents: Deputy says man's shooting was justified

A federal judge unsealed court documents that show a North Carolina deputy's strategy for fighting a wrongful death lawsuit by the family of a man fatally shot on his porch in 2015, The Associated Press reports.

U.S. District Judge Terrence Boyle made the documents public after media outlets had argued there was no compelling reason for keeping the information secret. Lawyers representing a law enforcement agency, the Harnett County Sheriff's Office, argued they were following laws requiring secrecy for certain investigative documents. The judge said he found no "important governmental interest" was served by keeping them under seal.

The media outlets — The News & Observer, The Fayetteville Observer, WRAL-TV, WTVD-TV and The Associated Press — said their goal was transparency, not influencing the outcome of the case.

The documents elaborate on the timeline and circumstances surrounding the death of John David Livingston, who was fatally shot in 2015 by a Harnett County deputy.

Iowa governor acknowledges complaint about fired ally

Iowa Gov. Kim Reynolds' office acknowledged it does have a complaint detailing sexual harassment allegations against a longtime ally of the governor who was fired last month, The Associated Press reports..

The acknowledgement is a reversal of earlier denials, which the office says were an oversight. The Republican governor said she is withholding a written complaint from the public to protect victims who reported allegations against former Iowa Finance Authority Director David Jamison.

An aide to Reynolds received the complaint against Jamison on March 23, the governor's office told The AP. Jamison was fired the next day.

The governor's office argued the complaint isn't subject to the Iowa's open records law.

"The public's right to know has to be balanced with the interests and well-being of the victims. They requested confidentiality, and I can't allow them to be victimized again by betraying that trust," Reynolds said in a statement.

Detroit News: Calley manager forced out of county post, according to records

Former Oakland County economic development leader Matthew Gibb was asked to resign by Executive L. Brooks Patterson five days after allegedly yelling at an employee and being called a "bully" by another, according to documents obtained by The Detroit News.

Gibb, who is now gubernatorial campaign manager for Republican Lt. Gov. Brian Calley, insists his resignation was planned and unrelated to an internal investigation of a Jan. 24 staff meeting. He announced he was stepping down as deputy executive on Jan. 30.

Records disclosed to The News under a Freedom of Information Act request show Patterson had solicited Gibb's resignation a day earlier after determining it was "in the county's best interest" to "terminate" his employment.

The move followed an internal inquiry into a heated confrontation between Gibb with marketing and communications supervisor Paula Harrington, whom he accused of insubordination in an exchange she described as "intimidating and embarrassing."

Read more: https://www.detroitnews.com/story/news/politics/2018/04/23/patterson-gibb-terminate-oakland-county/34184769/

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • April 19, 2018

News media sue over California's new execution rules

The Los Angeles Times and other news media organizations sued over California's new execution rules, saying they would bar journalists from fully reporting on the lethal injection procedure. The lawsuit is the latest challenge as the state seeks to resume executions for the first time since 2006.

The execution chamber at San Quentin State Prison leaves critical steps out of public view, according to the lawsuit filed in federal court in San Francisco against the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, the corrections secretary and San Quentin's warden.

The lethal drug used in an execution would be prepared and administered from a separate neighboring "infusion control room" that would be out of view because of the way the complex was constructed in 2008.

Read more: https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/us/news-media-sue-over-californias-new-execution-rules/ar-AAvMwNV

AP: Fighting for access in Cohen hearings

An attorney representing five news organizations, including The Associated Press, successfully persuaded a judge to release the name of a third client of President Donald Trump’s personal attorney, Michael Cohen, in a notable victory for public access. Joining with The New York Times, ABC News, Newsday and CNN, AP engaged attorneys Rachel Strom and Robert Balin to be present during the hearings for Cohen in New York on Friday and Monday.

Read more: https://blog.ap.org/industry-insights/fighting-for-access-in-cohen-hearings?utm_campaign=SocialFlow&utm_source=Twitter&utm_medium=AP_CorpComm

Government starts making White House visitor logs public

Climate change skeptics, a foe of regulations, a lobbyist for motor manufacturers and the conservative Heritage Foundation are among those who've gotten a foot in the gates of the White House complex in President Donald Trump's administration, according to records the administration began releasing after a watchdog group sued to see them.

The Associated Press reported that Public Citizen filed suit in August saying the Trump administration was violating the Freedom of Information Act by refusing to release information about visitors to four agencies within the White House campus. The Trump administration and the group agreed to a settlement for the release of the information on Feb. 13.

The information provides a glimpse of who has found an audience in the Republican White House, under a president who spent a lifetime in private business.

Navy: Training jet flew too low – for thrills – before crash

The Navy is citing pilot error for a military training jet crash in Tennessee that killed the two aboard, saying it was being flown for thrills and too low.

Navy officials said in a report the T-45C Goshawk was flying below allowable altitudes last October when it plunged into a forest near Tellico Plains. The report was emailed to The Associated Press, which requested it under the Freedom of Information Act.

The crash killed 31-year-old instructor Lt. Patrick Ruth from Metairie, Louisiana, and 25-year-old student pilot Lt. j.g. Wallace Burch from Horn Lake, Mississippi. Both were stationed at Naval Air Station Meridian in Mississippi.

Read more: https://www.clarionledger.com/story/news/2018/04/15/navy-training-jet-crashed-based-meridian-mississippi/519129002/

Complaint: Atlanta city officials violated open records law

Two news outlets have filed a complaint with the Georgia attorney general alleging open records violations by Atlanta city officials.

The Atlanta Journal-Constitution reports that it, along with WSB-TV, filed the complaint with Attorney General Chris Carr. It alleges "a culture of political interference" surrounding open records requests at City Hall.

The newspaper reports that the complaint gives 10 examples of alleged violations of the Georgia Open Records Act and "a pervasive culture of non-compliance" dating to July 2016.

The complaint seeks mediation to create enforcement measures to ensure compliance and the appointment of an independent public records officer.

Wisconsin paid $591,000 to settle misconduct, harassment claims at university

The state paid at least $591,000 in settlements in the last decade in connection with allegations of sexual misconduct, including sexual assault or harassment, by UW-Madison employees and its affiliated hospital, public records show.

The records had been requested by the Wisconsin State Journal in Madison and other media outlets, the newspaper reported.

UW-Madison released records of 20 cases of alleged misconduct involving faculty, staff and students, as well as the university’s investigations of them.

The State Journal and other media sought the records after the State Journal chronicled the university’s handling of sexual harassment complaints in the Department of Urban and Regional Planning.

Read more: http://host.madison.com/wsj/news/local/education/university/state-paid-k-to-settle-misconduct-harassment-claims-at-uw/article_9544870d-73bc-5e5b-870d-5697b3983126.html

Lawyers: Journalist was detained by ICE because of reporting

Lawyers for a journalist who was arrested in Tennessee and then placed in an immigration detention facility said that the government was trying to suppress his reporting and violated his rights of freedom of speech and the press, The Associated Press reports.

Attorneys with the Southern Poverty Law Center have asked a federal court to release Manuel Duran Ortega, a reporter who was arrested earlier this month in Memphis during a demonstration that coincided with days of remembrance of the 50th anniversary of the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King in that city.

Duran, 42, was working for Spanish-language media outlet Memphis Noticias and has written stories raising questions about local police and their cooperation with federal immigration officials, one of his attorneys at the SPLC said.

A spokeswoman with the Memphis Police Department and a federal immigration official insisted that Duran's journalism had nothing to do with his arrest and detention. U.S. immigration officials maintain that Duran's immigration status was flagged to them only after he was arrested by local police.

Read more: https://www.apnews.com/fe29c2bb9c7743cb992a89a461b39c86

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • April 12, 2018

AP: Mulvaney gives big pay bumps to his hires at consumer agency

Mick Mulvaney, President Donald Trump's appointee to oversee the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, has given big pay raises to the deputies he has hired to help him run the bureau, according to salary records obtained by The Associated Press. Mulvaney has hired at least eight political appointees since he took over the bureau in late November. Four of them are making $259,500 a year and one is making $239,595. That is more than the salaries of members of Congress, cabinet secretaries, and nearly all federal judges apart from those who sit on the Supreme Court. The salary records came as part of a records request submitted by the AP earlier this year. … Mulvaney, as Trump's budget director, has long railed against government spending. One of his first directives as acting CFPB director was to announce he needed zero dollars in funding to run the agency, pledging to spend down the bureau's surplus fund this quarter before requiring more money from the Fed — the CFPB is funded by the Fed and not through the traditional congressional budget process.

Read more: http://newsok.com/article/feed/1975544

Ann Arbor News: Former special education staffers face child abuse charges

Two former Ann Arbor Public Schools employees are facing child abuse charges related to incidents authorities allege happened in a Burns Park Elementary School special education classroom in the fall of 2016, the Ann Arbor News reports. Police say a teacher struck a student in the head and a teacher's assistant kicked a student. Lisa Mannor, 35, of Ypsilanti, and Tiffany Massey, 31, of Belleville, today are charged with one count of fourth degree child abuse, a misdemeanor punishable by up to one year in jail or probation for up to five years. … Both women have since resigned from Ann Arbor Public Schools. Ann Arbor Public Schools staff were made aware of the allegations on Oct. 12, 2016, according to a memo from the human resources administrator included in Mannor's personnel file. The Ann Arbor News reviewed Mannor's and Massey's personnel files through the Freedom of Information Act.

Read more: http://www.mlive.com/news/ann-arbor/index.ssf/2018/04/ex-ann_arbor_schools_special_e.html

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • April 4, 2018

Lansing State Journal: Michigan State paid $500,000 to track social media on Nassar

A public relations firm billed Michigan State University more than $500,000 for January as it tracked social media activity surrounding the Larry Nassar case, which often included the accounts of victims and their families, journalists, celebrities and politicians.

The work, which also included collecting and evaluating news articles, had previously been done by members of MSU’s Office of Communication and Brand Strategy, some of whom continued to do so in January.

The work by Weber Shandwick, a New York-based firm, totaled $517,343 for more than 1,440 hours of work, according to documents obtained through a public records request. … Weber Shandwick no longer works with the university, an MSU spokeswoman said. She did not provide a reason and referred comment to the firm.

Read more: https://www.lansingstatejournal.com/story/news/local/2018/03/28/msu-spent-500-k-january-monitor-social-media-accounts-nassar-victims-others/447378002/

MSU rejects News' request for Nassar boss records

Michigan State University leaders have denied The Detroit News' appeal to review the personnel file of the ex-dean of the college's medical school and former boss of disgraced sports doctor Larry Nassar.

The decision came the same day authorities arrested William Strampel, the former dean at MSU's College of Osteopathic Medicine.

The newspaper sought records concerning Strampel through the Michigan Freedom of Information Act in December — the same month he took a medical leave and weeks before Nassar was sentenced for sexual assaults involving former patients.

A Detroit News investigation found the dean was among at least 14 university staffers who received reports about Nassar's misconduct in the two decades before his arrest.

AP: Health care inadequate in tribal jails

At a tribal jail in Washington state, an inmate with a broken leg banged on his cell door, screaming for pain medication, only to be denied.

Hundreds of miles away, a diabetic man jailed on the Wind River Indian Reservation in Wyoming needed insulin, yet government records say authorities were unable to get any for him.

And jail staff at other reservation lockups on several occasions mistakenly gave inmates the wrong medication.

These episodes, and dozens of others noted in limited detail in 2016 jail incident reports collected by the federal government, underscore what health professionals and jail administrators describe as a deep-seated problem: Scores of federally funded jails on reservations have no in-house nurses or other medical staff, often leaving corrections officers to scramble in emergencies to determine whether to send an inmate to the hospital, or provide basic care themselves — sometimes with unfortunate consequences. Jail data collected by the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs from 2017 was not yet available.

(This report is part of the CJ Project, an initiative to broaden the news coverage of criminal justice issues affecting New Mexico's diverse communities, created by the Asian American Journalists Association with funding from the W.K. Kellogg Foundation. For more information: http://www.aaja.org/cj-project.)

Oregonian: How Nike dominated Oregon high schools in one fell swoosh

A caravan of coaches paced the empty halls at Sandy High School in search of a symbol.

Inside one classroom, a sales representative showed off the latest in Nike gear. In another, it was Adidas. An agent pushing Under Armour waited inside a third.

The Oregonian reports that the sports apparel companies were jostling to outfit varsity teams at the 1,400-student school at the base of Mount Hood. School officials craved the payday that came with exclusivity, which helps score free merchandise in an era of fluctuating state funding.

"We weren't trying to create competition," recalled Wade Lockett, the school's athletic director at the time of the 2016 event.

It almost didn't matter. In the battle for Oregon high schools, Nike had already won.

Nike dominates Oregon's high school marketplace, inking deals to exclusively outfit 93 percent of all large public institutions that hold apparel agreements, according to an analysis by The Oregonian/OregonLive. Swooshes appear on prep uniforms from Pendleton to Portland to Central Point – and nearly everywhere in between.

The newsroom filed public records requests for apparel agreements with every school district at the Class 5A and 6A athletic levels, where schools typically exceed 675 students. Out of 80 public schools, 75 have agreements with shoe companies. And of those, 70 are with Nike.

Nike provides its schools with free gear worth more than $1 million a year, according to The Oregonian/OregonLive's review, a sum that doesn't include merchandise given to four of five private schools that also wear the Swoosh.

Read more: http://www.oregonlive.com/business/index.ssf/page/how_nike_dominated_oregon_high.html

Grand Rapids Press: State senator urged regulators to ignore environmental protestors

A state senator asked the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality to look beyond protesters to issue permits for a proposed potash plant in central Michigan, according to an email from a DEQ official.

Michigan Potash Co. LLC is waiting on the results of its application for a facility near Evart, that requires DEQ permits. The Colorado-based company's proposal is to extract potash, used as crop fertilizer, through solution mining by pumping water or brine into targeted zones to dissolve and recover the potassium-rich salt commodity.

The proposal, which the DEQ said originally included two wells with an assumed capacity to pump 1,000 gallons of water from the ground per minute, as well as mining wells and disposal wells, drew comments of concern from some area residents worried about water and environmental impacts.

Jennifer A. Ferrigan, a geologist and permit coordinator at the DEQ, said in emails obtained by MLive and the Grand Rapids Press through a Freedom of Information Act request that Sen. Darwin Booher, R-Evart, called her in May 2017 about the proposed Potash plant.

"His concern was also that the DEQ look beyond the protesters, to issue these permits if they are in compliance with the Part 625 mineral wells statute and rules," the email states, in part. "I told him we consider any comments we receive, and evaluate the comments with respect to Part 625 statute and rules."

Read more: http://www.mlive.com/news/grand-rapids/index.ssf/2018/04/state_senator_encouraged_deq_t.html

Sioux City (Iowa) Journal: Enrollment down for South Dakota family planning program

The first patient to receive services through Siouxland Community Health Center's Title X family planning program needed an expired birth control implant removed.

As the appointment progressed, health care providers discovered a potential sign of cancer.

"She came in, we removed (the implant) and we found a relatively substantial lump in her breast," Brandi Steck, the health center's HIV and Title X program manager, said. "She said she noticed the lump about two months ago and just didn't know where to go." …

The health center is a sub-recipient of Title X funding from the Family Planning Council of Iowa. Title X is a federal grant program that provides low-income Americans with family planning and preventative health care services, including cervical cancer screening, contraception, infertility counseling and STD testing.

Iowa's new $3 million Family Planning Program (FPP) replaces the Iowa Family Planning Network (IFPN), or the Medicaid waiver for family planning. Providers who offer abortion services can't participate in the FPP. ...

According to the data, which was obtained by the Journal through a Freedom of Information Act request, the FPP had 6,542 enrolled members in December 2017, just 46 percent of the enrollees the IFPN had in December 2016. Family planning program enrollment has been declining since at least December 2013, according to the data.

Media outlets ask to unseal evidence in deputy shooting case

A North Carolina sheriff's office can't prove a compelling reason to keep evidence secret while it fights a lawsuit alleging a pattern of excessive force that culminated in a deputy fatally shooting a man at his home, a group of media outlets argued.

A lawyer for the news outlets filed a motion to intervene in the case, asking the federal judge to unseal deposition transcripts and other evidence. The group includes The News & Observer, The Fayetteville Observer, WRAL-TV, WTVD-TV and The Associated Press.

The underlying lawsuit was brought by plaintiffs including the mother of John David Livingston, who was fatally shot in 2015 by a Harnett County deputy. Others allege excessive force in separate instances.

Kentucky governor wins initial round in social media fight

Kentucky's Republican governor has won an initial round in his court fight over whether he violated free-speech rights by blocking people from his Facebook and Twitter accounts.

U.S. District Judge Gregory Van Tatenhove denied plaintiffs' request for a preliminary injunction to prevent Gov. Matt Bevin from blocking anyone from his social media accounts.

The case is part of an emerging national debate about whether elected officials infringe on First Amendment rights in doing so. Bevin is a frequent user of Twitter and Facebook.

In his ruling, Van Tatenhove said the governor was not suppressing speech but "merely culling his Facebook and Twitter accounts to present a public image that he desires."

The American Civil Liberties Union of Kentucky sued Bevin on behalf of two Kentucky residents who were blocked by Bevin on social media. The ACLU says more than 600 people have been blocked from seeing the governor's postings or engaging with him there.

Settlement filed in newspaper's suit over witness payments

A legal settlement in a suit by a Las Vegas newspaper requires Clark County prosecutors to disclose records of payments made to witnesses in exchange for their testimony.

The Las Vegas Review-Journal reports the settlement to a suit the newspaper filed in 2014 against the District Attorney's Office was filed recently in District Court.

According to the newspaper, the payments were kept secret from defense attorneys for nearly a decade until a Review-Journal investigation revealed their existence in August 2014.

County commissioners recently voted to pay the newspaper $55,000 for attorney fees as part of the settlement.

Eastern Michigan spent $23 million on sports in 2017

Eastern Michigan University used $23.1 million of institutional funds to subsidize its $32.3 million athletics budget during 2017, according to financial figures reported to the NCAA.

NCAA financial disclosure documents, obtained by The Ann Arbor News in a Freedom of Information Act request, reveal that EMU spent $1.64 million less on athletics in 2017, compared to 2015. The $23.1 million spent in 2017 equals $1,040 spent per student last year to subsidize the athletics budget.

The university made news last week when it announced plans to slash that budget by an addition $2.4 million by cutting four sports - softball, wrestling program, men's swimming and diving and women's tennis - as the university aims to erase an overall budget deficit between $4.5 million and $5.5 million. Last month, EMU announced it was cutting nearly 60 staff positions to help erase the shortfall.

Cosby judge rejects media request on jury pool

The judge in Bill Cosby's sex assault retrial has rejected a news media request to let two pool reporters into the courtroom where potential jurors are being questioned as a group.

Judge Steven O'Neill said that Cosby's lawyers objected to the Pennsylvania News Media Association's request because they feared it could hurt their ability to find a fair and impartial jury.

Reporters are watching the proceedings on a closed-circuit feed from an adjacent courtroom. The camera shows the judge, prosecutors and defense lawyers, but not potential jurors.

O'Neill says individual questioning of potential jurors will take place directly in front of reporters.

Cosby is charged with drugging and molesting a former Temple University women's basketball official at his home in 2004. He has pleaded not guilty.

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • March 29, 2018

Justice Department won’t release report on Spokane police

The U.S. Department of Justice has refused to release its report on the Spokane Police Department's reforms after a public records request and appeal by The Spokesman-Review.

The newspaper says that the report details how well Spokane police implemented 42 recommendations from the Justice Department's collaborative reform process, a voluntary review the department undertook starting in 2012. The reform was focused on evaluating policies related to use of force.

The Justice Department denied the newspaper's information request on Dec. 1, citing an exemption in the federal Freedom of Information Act. The newspaper appealed the decision, which was denied again under the same section of the law.

Delaware spends $370,000 defending against prison riot lawsuit

The state of Delaware has spent more than $370,000 defending two former governors and a half dozen current and former prison officials against a federal lawsuit filed after a deadly inmate uprising last year.

The sum was reported by Delaware's Office of Management and Budget in response to a Freedom of Information Act request filed by the Delaware State News.

Correctional officer Lt. Steven Floyd was killed and three other prison staffers were taken hostage during the February 2017 uprising at James T. Vaughn Correctional Center in Smyrna.

Army Corps faces questions about vetting border wall company

Federal officials are saying little about how they chose a Nebraska startup to build an $11 million section of border wall in California, including whether they knew of the company's connections to a construction firm flagged in a government audit for "many potential fraud indicators."

The top Democrat on the House Committee on National Security is seeking answers from the Department of Homeland Security on what vetting was used last year to select SWF Constructors of Omaha for the job. The company, founded last year with only one employee, is an offshoot of Edgewood, New York-based Coastal Environmental Group, which has been repeatedly sued for underpaying or failing to pay subcontractors.

A 2016 Interior Department internal audit report obtained by The Associated Press through a Freedom of Information Act request found that Coastal had cash flow problems and violated federal requirements to promptly pay workers. Those problems were cited even before it was hired in 2013 by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to clean up two wildlife refuges following Superstorm Sandy.

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • March 21, 2018

Miami Herald: Authorities release video of Parkland shooting after lawsuit

Newly released surveillance footage appears to support the Broward sheriff’s account that a campus deputy rushed to the Parkland high school building where a mass shooting was unfolding — but never entered to engage the gunman. Authorities released the video showing Deputy Scot Peterson and a civilian security guard hurrying on a golf cart to Building 12 at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High in the initial moments of what became Florida’s deadliest school shooting. But as shooter Nikolas Cruz remained inside for another four minutes — killing 17 people and wounding 15 — Peterson appeared to remain around the southeast corner of the building. … The release of the video stemmed from a lawsuit filed by the Miami Herald, the South Florida Sun-Sentinel and other media outlets against the Broward Sheriff’s Office and the Broward County school district, seeking release of video clips.

Read more: http://www.miamiherald.com/news/local/crime/article205289309.html

New York Times: Federal agency courted alcohol industry for study on drinking

It was going to be a study that could change the American diet, a huge clinical trial that might well deliver all the medical evidence needed to recommend a daily alcoholic drink as part of a healthy lifestyle. That was how two prominent scientists and a senior federal health official pitched the project during a presentation at the luxurious Breakers Hotel in Palm Beach, Florida, in 2014. And the audience members who were being asked to help pay for the $100 million study seemed receptive: They were all liquor company executives. The 10-year government trial is now underway, and Anheuser Busch InBev, Heineken and other alcohol companies are picking up most of the tab, through donations to a private foundation that raises money for the National Institutes of Health. … The New York Times looked at the study after obtaining emails and travel vouchers under the Freedom of Information Act, as well as from interviews with former federal officials.

Read more: https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/17/health/nih-alcohol-study-liquor-industry.html

Des Moines Register: Confessions of lottery scammer

12-15-18-29-38-41. Eddie Tipton jotted down the numbers on a yellow sticky note as he sat at his desk in Urbandale more than a decade ago. Around him were more sticky notes filled with number sets that he carefully wrote down as they spun up on his computer screen. The numbers were generated by a cryptic two-line software code Tipton had planted in his employer’s computer system at the Multi-State Lottery Association. The office building was virtually empty as Tipton ran test after test, zeroing in on the possible winning numbers for an upcoming $4.8 million lottery jackpot drawing in Colorado. His code would let him narrow the drawing’s winning odds from 5 million to 1 to 200 to 1. And, over time, it would allow him to hijack at least five winning drawings totaling more than $24 million in prizes in Colorado, Wisconsin, Iowa, Kansas and Oklahoma — the biggest lottery scam in U.S. history. The Des Moines Register obtained court transcripts of the confession through an open records request.

Read more: https://www.desmoinesregister.com/story/news/investigations/2018/03/15/how-gaming-geek-checkered-past-pulled-off-biggest-lottery-scam-u-s-history/397657002/

Pioneer Press: Minnesota’s bid for Amazon headquarters

Amazon HQ2 won’t be in Minnesota. But not for a lack of trying. On Thursday, Sept. 7, the Seattle-based online retail behemoth publicly announced it wanted to build a 50,000-employee second corporate headquarters in a major North American city and would entertain pitches. The deadline: Oct. 19. And everyone went nuts. Here and around the continent. Within hours, Greater MSP — a Twin Cities regional development agency — had assumed the lead and was working with top state bureaucrats and planning a meeting for the next morning in the Governor’s Residence to mount Minnesota’s bid in what would be a 6-week whirlwind that was done largely out of the public eye. It didn’t succeed. In January, Amazon announced that from among 238 proposals from Winnipeg, Manitoba, to Scarborough, Maine, there were 20 finalists. The Twin Cities was not among them. The closest was Chicago. The company has said its final choice will be announced later this year. But those behind Minnesota’s roughly 100-page bid, which included 18 metro locations, say it was a worthy exercise in both its aspirations and in the crucible it created to bring to the fore what the state has to offer. Much of it remains shrouded in secrecy. But last week, the state’s Department of Employment and Economic Development released reams of public documents, notes and emails in response to public information requests by the Pioneer Press and other news organizations. The records filled three file boxes.

Read more: https://www.twincities.com/2018/03/18/the-amazon-hq2-scramble-minnesotas-failed-bid-in-3-short-chapters/

Newspaper challenges Rhode Island’s refusal to release Amazon pitch

The Providence Journal is challenging Rhode Island's refusal to release its pitch for Amazon's new headquarters even though the state didn't make the cut for potential sites.

The newspaper reports that it filed a complaint with Rhode Island's attorney general, arguing the decision violates state law allowing access to public records.

Democratic Gov. Gina Raimondo has said the state wouldn't release its pitch for the $5 billion new campus for competitive reasons.

Other states, including neighboring Massachusetts, made their bids public.

The Journal filed a public records request Jan. 25, after Rhode Island wasn't selected. That request and an appeal were denied.

The newspaper says the public has a right to know what Amazon was offered.

Read more: http://www.providencejournal.com/news/20180312/journal-challenges-ris-withholding-of-failed-amazon-hq2-proposal

Detroit Free Press: Judge orders University of Michigan to release records

A state judge has ruled the University of Michigan improperly withheld financial information from the Detroit Free Press about a top university official, rejecting the argument that his compensation formula was a “trade secret.” The judge also ordered the university to pay the newspaper's legal fees, which have yet to be determined. The open-records lawsuit the Free Press filed in November asked the judge to order the university to turn over how it calculates the compensation for its chief investment officer. The university previously declined the Free Press’ Freedom of Information Act request for the relevant documents. The Free Press sought the documents as part of a broad probe published last month into the governance and oversight of the university’s endowment now valued at more than $11 billion.

Read more: https://www.freep.com/story/news/local/michigan/2018/03/16/judge-orders-u-m-turn-over-documents-withheldlated-open-records-law-withholding-pay-documents-free-p/423408002/

New email system will archive Montana lawmaker emails for 5 years

The Montana Legislature is replacing its current email system with one that is expected to make it easier to comply with open records requests.

The new email has an automatic archive system that will retain legislators' emails for five years after their terms end to comply with state law, the Missoulian reports.

Lee Newspapers of Montana reported in January 2017 that state employee emails were not being stored in the state archives.

Todd Everts, legal director of the state's Legislative Services Division, noted a lawsuit was filed against the division and Republican Sen. Jennifer Fielder a year ago by the ethics group Campaign for Accountability, after the division and Fielder failed to release records that had been requested.

Read more: http://missoulian.com/news/local/montana-legislative-council-approves-new-email-system/article_c533dd8e-492e-535f-acdc-7e7880efb6b8.html

Grocer group asks judges to bar food stamp figures' release

A grocery trade group has asked the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals to block disclosure of annual food stamp revenues for stores participating in the federal program.

The Argus Leader in Sioux Falls, South Dakota, reports a Food Marketing Institute lawyer told a three-judge panel that releasing the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program information would cause competitive harm.

The group appealed a judge's 2016 ruling that the sales figures through the program are public records. They appealed after the program's administrator, the U.S. Agriculture Department, declined to do so in the Argus Leader’s Freedom of Information Act lawsuit.

Gavin Villareal, a Food Marketing Institute attorney, says the numbers could be used to determine a store's total sales. Newspaper lawyer Jon Arneson says there's no way to know the percentage of a store's overall sales that come from the program.

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • March 14, 2018

MIT: On Twitter, false news travels faster than true stories

A new study by three MIT scholars has found that false news spreads more rapidly on the social network Twitter than real news does — and by a substantial margin.

“We found that falsehood defuses significantly farther, faster, deeper, and more broadly than the truth, in all categories of information, and in many cases by an order of magnitude,” says Sinan Aral, a professor at the MIT Sloan School of Management and co-author of a new paper detailing the findings.

“These findings shed new light on fundamental aspects of our online communication ecosystem,” says Deb Roy, an associate professor of media arts and sciences at the MIT Media Lab and director of the Media Lab’s Laboratory for Social Machines (LSM), who is also a co-author of the study. Roy adds that the researchers were “somewhere between surprised and stunned” at the different trajectories of true and false news on Twitter.

Moreover, the scholars found, the spread of false information is essentially not due to bots that are programmed to disseminate inaccurate stories. Instead, false news speeds faster around Twitter due to people retweeting inaccurate news items.

Read more: http://news.mit.edu/2018/study-twitter-false-news-travels-faster-true-stories-0308

AP: Mimicking Trump, local officials use 'fake news' as a weapon

An Idaho state lawmaker urges her constituents to submit entries for her "fake news awards." The Kentucky governor tweets #FAKENEWS to dismiss questions about his purchase of a home from a supporter. An aide to the Texas land commissioner uses the phrase to downplay the significance of his boss receiving donations from employees of a company that landed a multimillion-dollar contract. President Donald Trump's campaign to discredit the news media has spread to officials at all levels of government, who are echoing his use of the term "fake news" as a weapon against unflattering stories. It's become ubiquitous as a signal to a politician's supporters to ignore legitimate reporting and hard questions, as a smear of the beleaguered and dwindling local press corps, and as a way for conservatives to push back against what they call biased stories.

AP Investigation: US military overlooks sex abuse among kids

A decade after the Pentagon began confronting rape in the ranks, the U.S. military frequently fails to protect or provide justice to the children of service members when they are sexually assaulted by other children on base, an Associated Press investigation has found. Reports of assaults and rapes among kids on military bases often die on the desks of prosecutors, even when an attacker confesses. Other cases don't make it that far — criminal investigators shelve them, despite requirements they be pursued. The Defense Department doesn't know the scope of the problem on its bases. AP documented nearly 600 sex assault cases since 2007 through dozens of interviews and by piecing together records and data from the four main military branches and schools the Pentagon runs in the U.S. and abroad. The AP filed dozens of Freedom of Information Act requests with the main law enforcement agencies for the Army, Navy, Air Force and Marines, as well as with the Pentagon school system that educates elementary and secondary students on installations worldwide.

AP: US sets new record for censoring, withholding government files

The federal government censored, withheld or said it couldn't find records sought by citizens, journalists and others more often last year than at any point in the past decade, according to an Associated Press analysis of new data.

The calculations cover eight months under President Donald Trump, the first hints about how his administration complies with the Freedom of Information Act.

The surge of people who sought records but ended up empty-handed was driven by the government saying more than ever it could not find a single page of requested files and asserting in other cases that it would be illegal under U.S. laws to release the information.

People who asked for records under the Freedom of Information Act received censored files or nothing in 78 percent of 823,222 requests, a record over the past decade. When it provided no records, the government said it could find no information related to the request in a little over half those cases.

It turned over everything requested in roughly one of every five FOIA requests, according to the AP analysis.

Long after North Carolina closed meetings, details often kept off-limits

Hundreds of times a year across North Carolina, officials who control everything from the taxes you pay the city to the tuition required to attend public universities meet behind closed doors to conduct sensitive business on behalf of the public they serve. Whether they're elected or appointed, members of these local and state boards can meet out of view of the public for almost a dozen legitimate reasons, like personnel decisions or discussions of legal strategy. When they do, they're supposed to keep an account of what happens — and barring specific exceptions, be able to provide that account to the public. That's often not the case. A collaborative investigation by 10 newsrooms across the state found that governing boards that meet in closed session are often slow to hand over legally required records that detail what they discuss in secret, if they provide them at all. When they are produced, they're often heavily redacted, raising questions about how closely those boards are following the law. The project which included The Associated Press, WRAL, The News & Observer, The Fayetteville Observer and others was timed to coincide with Sunshine Week, a celebration of transparency and open government.

Read more: http://www.newsobserver.com/news/local/counties/wake-county/article204634614.html

Peoria Journal Star: Paper investigates police chief’s departure

Jerry Mitchell’s retirement last month from the city’s top police post seemed sudden, but it actually was the result of a series of internal investigations since summer 2017. The inquiries focused on the true nature of the chief’s relationship with a civilian female subordinate and caused enough concern that the city administration began drafting legal opinions on the matter last July, according to documents obtained by the Journal Star through the Freedom of Information Act. The city has officially found no wrongdoing. But the former police chief departed as he was still being investigated, and the full extent of this situation’s fallout has yet to be revealed. Two current city employees directly involved in the case have retained attorneys, with one already citing pending litigation, though no respondents have been identified and no action has been taken in court.

Read more: http://www.pjstar.com/news/20180310/surveillance-report-on-peoria-police-chief-details-alleged-relationship

Delaware State News: Prison riot triggered $184,694 in overtime costs

In response to a Freedom of Information Act request from the Delaware State News, the Division of State Police reported that they’ve spent $184,694 in overtime pay in connection with the emergency response and ensuing investigation spurred by the Feb. 1, 2017, inmate uprising at James T. Vaughn Correctional Center. Although a full accounting of the emergency response and subsequent criminal investigation is what was requested, the state police claim to be unable to “quantify how many regular duty hours were expended in support of this incident.” A letter signed by state police superintendent Col. Nathaniel McQueen Jr., states: “The Delaware State Police has determined that it cannot separate out expenses for the incident and investigation in your request from the general amount of operations and expenses below.”

Read more: https://delawarestatenews.net/police/response-to-2017-prison-riot-cost-state-police-more-than-184000-in-overtime/

AP: Advocates say tight budget leading to open-press threats in Oklahoma

While the news media nationally are facing new perils with the rise of fake news on social media and attempts to discredit legitimate reporting, press freedom advocates in Oklahoma say legislative threats this year to the public's access to government center mostly on agencies trying to save money.

Amid another cash-strapped state budget, some agencies are looking at ways to potentially save this year by restricting the public's access to records or information, said Mark Thomas, executive vice president for the Oklahoma Press Association, which represents daily and weekly newspapers across the state.

"When I look at a lot of the bills this year, they are bills to give government bodies the opportunity to sell their records or restrict access to records to help the government ... make money," said Thomas, a lobbyist who has worked with lawmakers for more than 20 years to defeat or narrowly tailor bills that may restrict the public's access to government and its records.

New York Times: Judge has questions in president’s Twitter blocking case

A federal judge in Manhattan had plenty of questions for lawyers representing a group of Twitter users who sued President Trump in July after he blocked them on the social media service, The New York Times reports. And she had even more for the government. The seven users, who had been blocked by the @realDonaldTrump account after criticizing the president, were joined in the lawsuit by the Knight First Amendment Institute at Columbia University. Their lawyers claimed that Mr. Trump’s Twitter feed is an official government account and that blocking users from following it was a violation of their First Amendment rights. Lawyers from the Department of Justice insisted that the Twitter feed was not, in fact, a public forum. Furthermore, they argued, no one had been meaningfully excluded from it.

Read more: https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/08/business/trump-twitter-block.html?ribbon-ad-idx=10&rref=business&module=ArrowsNav&contentCollection=Your%20Money&action=keypress®ion=FixedLeft&pgtype=article

Knoxville News Sentinel: Newspapers win access to records in Pilot Flying J case

A federal judge is ordering the unsealing and public release of secret recordings that captured the then-president of the nation’s largest diesel fuel retailer using racial epithets and profanely criticizing his own board of directors and his boss’ football team and fans. U.S. District Court Judge Curtis L. Collier issued two separate orders authorizing the unsealing and release of the recordings and all documents and motions related to the judge’s decision to allow jurors in a recent trial to hear snippets of racist and vulgar commentary by former Pilot Flying J President Mark Hazelwood during a meeting with subordinates in October 2012. USA TODAY NETWORK - Tennessee first sought the public release of those recordings and records in January immediately after prosecutors played portions of them in a conspiracy to commit wire and mail fraud trial of Hazelwood and three subordinates. The network — which includes the Knoxville News Sentinel, The Tennessean in Nashville, The Commercial Appeal in Memphis, The Jackson Sun, The Leaf-Chronicle in Clarksville and the Daily News Journal in Murfreesboro — asked for a hearing. The Plain Dealer in Cleveland, Ohio, the Chattanooga Times Free Press, WBIR-TV in Knoxville and WKYC-TV in Cleveland joined in the effort.

Read more: https://www.knoxnews.com/story/news/crime/2018/03/08/pilot-flying-j-trial-racist-tapes-recordings-sealed-public/405031002/

Philadelphia Inquirer: Under court order, DA releases list of tainted police

Responding to a judge’s order, the Philadelphia District Attorney’s Office has released a secret list of current and former police officers whom prosecutors have sought to keep off the witness stand after a review determined they had a history of lying, racial bias, or brutality. The names of the 29 officers were included among a larger roster of 66 provided to the Philadelphia Defender Association and obtained by the Inquirer and Daily News. The full list combined two groupings — the officers whose serious misconduct rendered them problematic as witnesses and 37 officers who have been charged with lesser offenses or have been involved in other legal conflicts, often while off duty.  Under prosecution policy, the second group can testify, but defense attorneys must be told of their legal issues.

Read more: http://www.philly.com/philly/news/larry-krasner-philadelphia-police-tainted-misconduct-secret-list-20180306.html

Post and Courier: Solicitor says he has nothing to hide

A South Carolina prosecutor whose spending records have been called into question in a newspaper report says he has nothing to hide. Fifth Circuit Solicitor Dan Johnson said in an email that his office responded to a Freedom of Information Act request by providing financial documents from January 2011 through last November. He said that resulted in more than 30,000 pages of information which included less than a dozen items of concern. Johnson said that, to his knowledge, no tax dollars have been used inappropriately for expenditures as reported by the Post and Courier of Charleston. The newspaper cited records which it said showed Johnson used an office credit card to pay for a hotel in the Galapagos Islands and high-priced Uber rides, among other spending.

AP: Legislature OKs exempting cybersecurity information from FOIA

Cybersecurity plans and vulnerabilities would be exempt from open-records requests under legislation approved by Michigan lawmakers.

House members sent the bill to Gov. Rick Snyder in a 104-4 vote, paving the way for the state to block cybersecurity information shared with Michigan State Police and other public bodies. Supporters of the exclusion said without it companies might be reluctant to cooperate with officials in the event of a security breach due to fear of sensitive information being released under the Freedom of Information Act.

AP Correction: EPA-Ethics story

In a story about an Environmental Protection Administration employee who was allowed to consult for private clients, The Associated Press reported erroneously that the agency did not release any documents in response to a Freedom of Information request. The agency said later that some documents were posted to a FOIA website. However, the AP did not receive notification by email or U.S. mail, which is the usual procedure.

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • March 8, 2018

Rochester Democrat and Chronicle: Flammable building panels prove elusive threat

A horrific fast-moving fire that claimed 72 lives last June in a London high-rise called Grenfell Tower sparked questions worldwide about the safety of skyscrapers. How many other buildings are clad with the same flammable aluminum panels that doomed Grenfell Tower, and where are they? Are there any here? Not long after the London fire, the Democrat and Chronicle began looking into the aluminum cladding of one Rochester high-rise. In the fall, the newspaper expanded its inquiry through an open-records request to the city for information on the construction of nine prominent downtown buildings. Those records weren't provided until last month — and they failed to explain the makeup of the building facades. Inquiries with building owners, architects, suppliers and construction managers also failed to yield definitive answers.

City building-department and fire officials say they believe all Rochester skyscrapers are safe, and they think no high-rises here have flammable panels — but they don't know for sure. “The code is not black and white. It’s not that easy to get answers at every turn,” Rochester code enforcement manager Kurt Martin said when asked if any local buildings were clad in the suspect material.

Read more: https://www.democratandchronicle.com/story/news/2018/03/04/fire-safety-finding-flammable-building-panels-difficult-task/336363002/

Washington governor vetoes legislative exemption bill

Following a public outcry, Washington Gov. Jay Inslee vetoed a bill that sought to exempt Washington lawmakers from the state's Public Records Act and legislators agreed to not take another vote to override his action.

The agreement came hours before the measure — contested by media groups and open government advocates — would have become law.

In turn, a media coalition that sued over legislative records last year agreed to seek a stay of proceedings in the trial court during an appeal from last month's court ruling that found state lawmakers are fully subject to the same broad public disclosure requirements that cover other local and state elected officials and employees at state agencies. ...

More than a dozen newspapers across the state ran front-page editorials urging Inslee to veto the bill that was co-sponsored by Democratic Senate Majority Leader Sharon Nelson and Republican Senate Minority Leader Mark Schoesler.

News media seeks to join court case over NYPD body cam video

Fourteen news entities have urged a Manhattan judge to reject a New York police union's efforts to squelch the release of police body camera footage.

The media organizations asked a state Supreme Court judge in Manhattan to be added as a party to litigation resulting from a lawsuit the Patrolmen's Benevolent Association filed in January.

The lawsuit by the association representing about 24,000 uniformed officers seeks to stop the release of body camera footage. It was filed against Mayor Bill de Blasio, police Commissioner James P. O'Neill and the New York City Police Department.

The NYPD released the first footage of a fatal police shooting caught on a body camera in September 2017. It has since released footage from other shootings.

Last month, Judge Shlomo Hagler rejected the PBA's effort to block the release of body camera footage while the lawsuit proceeds.

The media groups, including The Associated Press, say body camera footage is necessary to "fully and accurately report on public safety and criminal justice issues."

Other media outlets included in the filing are the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press, Hearst Corp., Buzzfeed, Cable News Network Inc., The Center for Investigative Reporting, Daily News LP, Dow Jones & Co. Inc., Gannett Co. Inc., Gizmodo Media Group LLC, New York Public Radio, The New York Times Co., NYP Holdings Inc. and Spectrum News NY1.

EPA aide has permission to moonlight

A key aide to Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Scott Pruitt has been granted permission to make extra money moonlighting for private clients whose identities are being kept secret.

A letter approving outside employment contracts for John Konkus — signed by an EPA ethics lawyer in August — was released by Democrats on the House Energy and Commerce Committee.

The ethics official noted that Konkus' outside contracts presented a "financial conflict of interest" and barred him from participating in matters at EPA that would have a "direct and predictable" financial benefit for his clients.

Pruitt named Konkus, a Republican political consultant, to serve as the EPA's deputy associate administrator for public affairs. His duties have included signing off on hundreds of millions in federal grants.

The letter gave Konkus approval to work for at least two clients.

The AP filed a public records request with EPA in August under the Freedom of Information Act, seeking copies of all ethics letters, agreements or waivers for Pruitt's team. So far, the agency has yet to release a single document.

EPA chief may forgo 1st class flights amid growing scrutiny

The head of the Environmental Protection Agency says he may start flying in coach amid increasing scrutiny of claims that he needs to fly first class because of security concerns.

EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt said in an interview with CBS News that he had instructed his staff to make changes that could include flying coach.

That's a significant shift since last month, when Pruitt said in interviews that his chief of staff and security team had determined he should fly in premium class seats following some unpleasant interactions with other passengers.

Since taking office last year, Pruitt has been unusually secretive about his frequent air travel. In a break from his predecessors, Pruitt's office consistently refuses to provide advance public notice of his trips, typically releasing a schedule of his meetings and appearances only after they have occurred.

The Associated Press is among several organizations that has sought a full accounting of Pruitt's travel and security expenses under the Freedom of Information Act. Though some records were released following lawsuits filed against the agency, EPA has so far refused to say how much public money has been spent for Pruitt and his staff to travel across the country and on international trips.

Polk County assessor accused of violating open records law

The Iowa Public Information Board has charged Polk County Assessor Randy Ripperger with violating Iowa's open records law.

The Des Moines Register says that Ripperger is accused of wrongly denying public access to a list of 2,166 Polk County property owners who have had their names removed from the assessor's website search engine. That makes it impossible for others to determine what properties those entities own through an online search.

The case is an administrative proceeding, not a court trial. Either the board itself or an administrative law judge will preside over a June 21 hearing.

Ripperger has cited a state law that allows governmental agencies to keep confidential certain communications. Ripperger says his office grants every request for removal it receives from property owners, who he says are generally public officials.

Nevada high court ends media ban on Vegas shooting autopsies

News organizations are free to report about the "anonymized, redacted" autopsy findings of the 58 people killed in the deadliest mass shooting in modern U.S. history, the Nevada Supreme Court ruled.

The panel of three justices overruled a state court judge in Las Vegas who had ordered The Associated Press and Las Vegas Review-Journal not to report coroner findings about one victim — an off-duty police officer.

The autopsies were released Jan. 30 after a ruling by a separate judge in response to a public records lawsuit. The news organizations reported on the findings before Clark County District Judge Richard Scotti issued an order preventing further publication.

The state high court said Scotti's order "does not pass constitutional muster" and constituted an invalid prior restraint of First Amendment press freedom.

Newspaper seeks Newtown shooting records

A newspaper lawyer urged the Connecticut Supreme Court to allow reporters to examine some of the Newtown school killer's belongings, saying information on a possible motive for the 2012 massacre of 20 children and six adults is of high public interest and concern.

The requested materials include a spreadsheet ranking mass murders and a notebook titled "The Big Book of Granny." The notebook contains a story that shooter Adam Lanza wrote in fifth grade about a woman who has a gun in her cane and shoots people and another character who likes hurting people, especially children.

The Hartford Courant and the state Freedom of Information Commission are appealing a decision by a lower court judge, who ruled in 2016 that state police don't have to release Lanza's documents. The commission had ordered state police to release the materials, saying they didn't fall within exemptions to the state's public records laws.

Lanza, a 20-year-old with troubling mental health issues, shot his mother to death at their Newtown home before killing 20 first-graders and six educators at Sandy Hook Elementary School on Dec. 14, 2012. He killed himself as police arrived at the school.

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION • Feb. 21, 2018

SC county education board nixes release of FBI subpoeans

An education board in South Carolina has refused to release federal subpoenas served to two school district employees concerning documents related to an FBI investigation about the construction of two schools. The Island Packet in Hilton Head reports the Beaufort County Board of Education decided to deny Freedom of Information Act requests for copies of the subpoenas.  The newspaper reports that board members rarely, if ever, decide whether the school district should honor a FOIA request. Experts on South Carolina's open records law say the public has a right to see the subpoenas. The board's three officers cited an "unambiguous preference" from the U.S. Attorney's Office to withhold the subpoenas. The board wants taxpayers to approve $76 million to expand the two Bluffton schools mentioned in the subpoenas, along with other projects.

Utility offered Burgum more than free Super Bowl tickets

North Dakota Gov. Doug Burgum's trip to the Super Bowl as a guest of a Minneapolis utility included free invitations to a rock concert, private parties, meals and other events, The Associated Press found through an open records request. Burgum spokesman Mike Nowatzki said Feb. 17 the GOP governor has reimbursed Xcel Energy for all costs related the weekend trip, with the sum now totaling almost $40,000. Burgum and first lady Kathryn Helgaas Burgum watched the Super Bowl in Minneapolis on Feb. 4 from a suite provided at no cost by Xcel Energy, which serves more than 90,000 customers in North Dakota. The governor has been heavily criticized, including from within his Republican Party, for accepting the utility's gift, which he said gave him "quality time to engage in constructive conversations with top Xcel executives." Burgum later said in a statement that he repaid $37,000 to the utility to "eliminate even the perception of any conflict."

Read more: https://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2018/02/17/us/ap-us-burgum-super-bowl.html

Democratic lawmaker in Wisconsin sued over alleged open records violation

A conservative law firm has sued a Democratic state lawmaker for allegedly violating the Wisconsin open records law after charging more than $3,000 for requested emails. The Wisconsin Institute for Law and Liberty filed the lawsuit Feb. 15 in Wisconsin’s Dane County Circuit Court against Democratic state Rep. Jonathan Brostoff, of Milwaukee.

The lawsuit alleging that Brostoff refused to turn over electronic records of emails requested and instead printed them and charged unnecessary fees. Brostoff did not immediately return a message seeking comment. A researcher with WILL requested emails in July related to occupational licensing reform, an issue the group advocates for and that Brostoff opposes. A Dane County judge ruled in a similar case last month that Republican Rep. Scott Krug needed to provide electronic records when requested.

Police didn't disclose Missouri inmate's 2017 suicide

A 24-year-old transgender woman had killed herself in a southeast Missouri jail last year, but police didn't disclose the suicide to news media or the public at the time. The Southeast Missourian reports that it learned of Amalia LeAnn Smith's death last week from a Kansas reporter covering a presentation by architect Lawrence Goldberg in which he commented on the June suicide to commissioners in a Kansas county. Goldberg is involved in the design of the jail section of the new Cape Girardeau police station.

The architect was quoted saying that bringing in a transgender woman who hasn't gone through sex reassignment brought challenges to the old jail. He suggested the death might not have happened in the new jail. Cape Girardeau Police Chief Wes Blair said Tuesday that police don't release reports on suicides unless there is a specific request for information.

Report: Confederate statues move followed open meetings law

A Tennessee comptroller's report says Memphis officials followed state open meetings law when they sold two parks to a nonprofit, which removed three Confederate statues.

The report Feb. 14 also says Memphis followed municipal law by selling the parks in December to Memphis Greenspace Inc. for $1,000 apiece. Auditors said Memphis didn't make the nonprofit submit a financial stability application. The city said it met with the group to discuss finances and cited three other property sales without applications. Auditors suggested a city-nonprofit agreement about storing and protecting the statues of Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest, Confederate President Jefferson Davis and war correspondent and Capt. J. Harvey Mathes. Citing pending legal challenges, auditors didn't say whether the move violated state law making it tough to remove Confederate monuments on public property.

Kansas governor backs bill to open records on child deaths

Kansas Gov. Jeff Colyer and the state's top child welfare official are backing legislation to require disclosure of some records when a child dies of abuse or neglect. Colyer and Department for Children Families Secretary Gina Meier-Hummel announced Monday that they're supporting a bill introduced last week in the Kansas House. The bill would require the department to release a child's age, gender and date of death upon receiving an open records request. It also would have to release a summary of its reports of child abuse or neglect and its findings about those reports. Kansas has had several high-profile cases in recent years of children who died in abusive homes. Colyer said under the bill, the public would learn what steps the state took to protect a child.

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION • Feb. 14, 2018

Bill to exempt certain judicial records from FOIA withdrawn

A controversial bill that sought to exempt administrative records of the judiciary from Virginia's public records law has been withdrawn by its sponsor. The Richmond Times-Dispatch reports that Sen. Richard Stuart, R-Stafford, moved to strike his bill from the Senate floor Feb 7. The bill said the Supreme Court's Office of the Executive Secretary would be exempt from the Freedom of Information Act. A district court judge last year found that the office violated FOIA by not responding to letters from a citizen who wants access to records of the office's long-distance phone calls and expense accounts used by judges. Advocates of open government opposed Stuart's bill, saying it could make it impossible for the public to obtain records related to judicial contracts, criminal justice reforms or office expenditures.

Court: Idaho nuclear waste documents won't be made public

U.S. officials don't have to provide details about proposed shipments of extremely radioactive spent commercial nuclear fuel to the country's top government nuclear research laboratory in Idaho, a federal court has ruled. The ruling was a major setback to a lawsuit filed by former Idaho Gov. Cecil Andrus, who had a long history of legal battles with the Energy Department over nuclear waste entering the state and a firm belief that residents had a right to know the agency's plans. U.S. District Court Judge B. Lynn Winmill on Feb. 6  ruled the agency acted properly in withholding information sought by Andrus in a Freedom of Information Act request he filed in January 2015.

That decision means the documents will not be released to the public anytime soon, but they ultimately could be as another part of Andrus' argument has yet to play out and the case remains open.

Read more: https://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2018/02/07/us/ap-us-idaho-nuclear-waste.html

Health chief requires FOIA from senator to release emails

Gov. Bruce Rauner's administration is forcing state lawmakers to use the public-records law to get emails regarding a deadly Legionnaires' disease outbreak at the Illinois Veterans' Home in Quincy. Illinois Public Health Director Nirav Shah told a joint House-Senate Veterans' Affairs Committee that his agency denied Senate committee chairman Tom Cullerton's demand for communication about the crisis under an exemption to the Freedom of Information Act. The Democratic-led committee is reviewing the Republican administration's handling of the summer 2015 spread of Legionnaires' disease at Quincy, which returned in 2016 and 2017. It's contributed to the deaths of 13 residents — 12 in 2015 and one last fall — and sickened dozens more. It's a respiratory illness caused by bacteria in water vapor that is inhaled.

Read more: https://www.usnews.com/news/best-states/illinois/articles/2018-02-07/health-chief-requires-foia-from-senator-to-release-emails

Fort Smith, Arkansas, to appeal FOIA ruling in case over emails 

Fort Smith, Arkansas, will appeal a ruling that three city directors violated the Arkansas Freedom of Information Act by discussing city business through email. The city's Board of Directors voted Feb. 6 to confirm the filing of a notice of appeal to the Arkansas Supreme Court. City attorney Jerry Canfield filed the notice Jan. 30 to avoid missing the 30-day deadline to appeal the decision by Sebastian County Circuit Judge J. Michael Fitzhugh, according to a memo to directors. Fitzhugh ruled Jan. 4 that Andre Good, Keith Lau and Mike Lorenz violated the open records act by conducting public meeting business in May and August email exchanges. Fitzhugh also denied the city's motion for summary judgment in a lawsuit filed by Bruce Wade, who alleged that the emails constituted a public meeting for which public notice should have been given.

Read more: https://www.usnews.com/news/best-states/arkansas/articles/2018-02-07/fort-smith-to-appeal-foia-ruling

Judge: Las Vegas police must release mass shooting records

A judge in Las Vegas has ordered police to make public 911 calls, police officer body camera video and several other records that authorities sought to keep secret until they finish their investigation into last year's mass shooting. Nevada state court Judge Richard Scotti on Feb. 6 ruled the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department must begin releasing records to media organizations that requested them starting hours after the Oct. 1 shooting on the Las Vegas Strip. The department was ordered to redact all identifiable information, including names, Social Security numbers and portions of videos in which people could be easily recognized. "If the government contended that the requested records were confidential or otherwise protected from disclosure, then the government had a duty to redact confidential information and produce the non-confidential portions of the records," Scotti said.

Read more: https://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2018/02/07/us/ap-us-las-vegas-shooting-911.html

Bill advances to limit college student info sharing 

The Virginia House of Delegates has passed legislation aimed at limiting the distribution of university students' contact information. The legislation came after a progressive political group used public records requests to get the cellphone numbers of students as part of a get-out-the-vote effort in last year's election. NextGen Virginia obtained cellphone information from several public universities by requesting them under the state's open records law. The bill, sponsored by Republican Del. Tony Wilt, requires a student's consent before contact information can be shared. The legislation easily passed the House Feb. 7 with bipartisan support and now goes to the Senate.

Wisconsin Supreme Court OKs delay in releasing union records 

Wisconsin labor officials can withhold voters' names while union elections are underway to guard against possible intimidation and harassment, the state Supreme Court ruled Feb. 6. Protecting voters from intimidation, harassment and coercion outweighs the public interest in disclosing the names before the elections conclude, the court said in a 5-2 decision. The ruling reverses a decision by Dane County Circuit Judge Peter Anderson, who found the Wisconsin Employment Relations Commission should have turned over voter names to Madison Teachers Inc., the Madison school district's teachers union, during a 2015 recertification election.

Read more: http://www.houstonchronicle.com/news/education/article/Wisconsin-Supreme-Court-OKs-delay-in-releasing-12554825.php

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • Feb. 7, 2018

South Dakota lawmakers vote to keep officials' emails closed 

South Dakota lawmakers have rejected a government transparency bill that would have made officials' correspondence open for public review in some cases.

The House State Affairs Committee voted 10-2 Monday to kill the open records measure, which Gov. Dennis Daugaard's office also opposed.

It would have removed "correspondence" from a list of government records that officials keep secret from the public.

The change would have opened access to correspondence such as some emails, but kept closed communications to officials from constituents who expect that they're confidential.

The governor's chief of staff, Tony Venhuizen, says public officials need "some degree of privacy" to conduct official business.

Dave Bordewyk, general manager of the South Dakota Newspaper Association, says the bill was a good step to ensure the state's open recordslaw works even better for South Dakota.

Judge declines to issue order barring Greitens' texting app

A judge has refused to issue a temporary restraining order that would have prohibited Republican Missouri Gov. Eric Greitens and his staff from using a texting app that erases messages after they are read.

The Kansas City Star reports that Cole County Judge Jon Beetem issued the ruling in a lawsuit that accuses Greitens and his staff of engaging in a conspiracy to violate Missouri's open records law by using the Confide app.

Critics contend that with the app, it is impossible to determine whether the governor and his staff use it to conduct state business in secret.

Beetem set a hearing for further arguments in March, acknowledging there are "open questions."

The governor's office's use of Confide also is being investigated by the state attorney general.

Report: 538 public records exemptions in Tennessee law

A report has found that there are now 538 exemptions to Tennessee's public records law, about six times as many as there were three decades ago, The Associated Press reports.

According to the state comptroller's office, the Tennessee Public Records Act only had two statutory exceptions when it was enacted in 1957. By 1988, a legislative committee reported there were 89 exceptions.

In its report, the comptroller's Office of Open Records Counsel found that number has grown to include hundreds of exceptions in Tennessee Code.

"I will tell you, they are hodgepodge all over the Tennessee Code Annotated," Jason Mumpower, comptroller's office chief of staff, told a Senate committee. "I think we found them all."

Senate Speaker Randy McNally, R-Oak Ridge, and House Speaker Beth Harwell, R-Nashville, requested the list to evaluate which exemptions may need to be removed or placed in sunset, where lawmakers vote to let a law continue, change it or let it expire. The legislative leaders made the request after reporters asked them about the exemptions last year.

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • Feb. 1, 2018

Prosecutor praises newspaper that exposed doctor's abuse

Former sports doctor Larry Nassar likely still would be sexually assaulting girls if not for the work of an Indiana newspaper that helped to expose the abuse, The Associated Press quotes a Michigan prosecutor as saying.

"We as a society need investigative journalists more than ever," Assistant Attorney General Angela Povilaitis told the judge at Nassar's sentencing hearing.

Nassar, 54, admitted sexually assaulting athletes under the guise of medical treatment when he was employed by Michigan State University and USA Gymnastics, which trains Olympians. Judge Rosemarie Aquilina sentenced him to 40 to 175 years in prison in a case involving seven victims, and he faces sentencing next week in a neighboring Michigan county where he abused girls at a gymnastics club. He already had been sentenced to 60 years in prison for child pornography.

The case began with a 2016 Indianapolis Star investigation of how USA Gymnastics handled sexual abuse allegations against coaches. That prompted former gymnast Rachael Denhollander to alert the newspaper to Nassar's abuse.

"After that article, I knew this was the time," Denhollander told The Associated Press. "This is always what I knew had to be done ... (and) I was 100 percent confident there were other victims speaking up and being silenced."

After the Star investigation, the number of victims coming forward grew.

Milwaukee Journal Sentinel: UW students accuse teachers of sexual harassment

University of Wisconsin-Green Bay investigated allegations that an instructor forced students to wear two-piece swimsuits and that an assistant coach inappropriately texted a female student-athlete.  UW-Oshkosh investigated whether an instructor had a consensual relationship with a student against university policy and then harassed her when she tried to break up with him. At a two-year UW campus, a student accused an instructor of contacting the student on a mobile app called Grindr, which helps gay and bisexual men hook up. The same instructor allegedly touched the student during class. Open records requests filed by the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel revealed that among all 13 four-year campuses and 13 two-year colleges in the UW System, nearly 100 complaints of employee sexual misconduct — either harassment and/or assault — have been formally investigated since 2014. The cases requested by the Journal Sentinel specifically involved teaching, supervisory and advising staff — not all university staff.

Read more: https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/education/2018/01/29/uw-students-accuse-teachers-sexual-harassment-wisconsin/1067883001/

Pittsburgh's Amazon bid should be public, state records office says

The Pittsburgh region’s bid to lure the next Amazon headquarters is one step closer to becoming public.

Allegheny County and city officials have declined to release the proposal to host Amazon HQ2, the second headquarters of the Seattle-based e-commerce giant. They have cited a few reasons, including competitive concerns and a non-disclosure agreement.

But WTAE-TV said recently that the state Office of Open Records has sided with the television station to classify the document as a public record.

The determination follows requests by WTAE, the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette and other news organizations to overturn refusals by the city and county to share the Amazon proposal.

Newspaper wins censorship battle with Florida prisons

A weekly Socialist newspaper won its latest battle with the Florida Department of Corrections when the department’s Literature Review Committee recently overturned the impoundment of its Dec. 18 issue.

The Militant, based in New York City, has been embroiled in a free speech fight with the department over the last six months, in which time nine of its issues have been impounded, according to an appeal letter from the newspaper’s attorney David Goldstein.

That’s more than twice as many impoundments as in the prior decade in Florida and twice as many as in the rest of the nation, according to Goldstein.

The letter states the impoundment is difficult to understand as anything other than an effort "to target The Militant for unconstitutional and arbitrary content-based and viewpoint-based censorship, unrelated to any rationally based institutional concerns, in order to prevent its approximately 33 subscribers in DOC custody from receiving the Militant’s political and ideological viewpoint."

Read more: http://news.wjct.org/post/judge-backs-floridas-ban-prison-newspaper

Mississippi AG opens meetings of mental health task force to reporters

Reporters will be welcome from now on at meetings of a task force convened by Attorney General Jim Hood to examine Mississippi's mental health system.

Margaret Ann Morgan, Hood's spokeswoman, said that a majority of 30-plus members had voted to open their meetings.

Several news organizations had contested the decision to close the meetings. Hood's office had said it was necessary because some participating organizations won't let their employees talk to reporters. The Clarion-Ledger in Jackson, Mississippi, filed a complaint with the Mississippi Ethics Commission after its reporter was barred from a December meeting.

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • Jan. 24, 2018

Arizona Republic: ICE released caller’s information from hotline for victims

The same week the Trump administration opened a hotline last April to support victims of crimes by immigrants, Elena Maria Lopez called to report a complaint against her ex-husband. At first, Lopez kept getting a busy signal. But finally someone answered. For the next 20 minutes, Lopez provided a detailed account, accusing the Dutch immigrant of marrying her to get a green card and then threatening to harm her if she contacted immigration officials. What happened next shocked Lopez. Not only did Immigration and Customs Enforcement, the agency that operates the hotline, decline to take action, but immigration authorities also released much of the private information she provided. This includes a confidential internet phone number she fears will now make it easier for anyone to locate her in New Jersey, where she has a protected address set up for domestic-violence victims. Lopez is one of hundreds of people whose private information was inappropriately released by ICE when the agency posted call logs to the hotline on its website, a clear violation of the agency's own policies against divulging private information, as well as privacy laws intended to protect individuals who provide sensitive information to the government. Some of the same information was also released by ICE to The Arizona Republic in response to a Freedom of Information Act request.

Read more: https://www.azcentral.com/story/news/politics/immigration/2018/01/21/trump-administrations-immigrant-crime-hotline-releases-victims-personal-information/1041748001/

Lincoln Journal Star: Nebraska notifies second inmate of lethal execution drugs

A second death row inmate has been notified by the Nebraska Department of Correctional Services of the lethal injection drugs that would be used in his potential execution. Prisons Director Scott Frakes notified Carey Dean Moore that diazepam, fentanyl citrate, cisatracurium besylate and potassium chloride are to be used and were on hand, as of Oct. 10, and an additional supply of diazepam and fentanyl were received recently. … The department again has refused to disclose the supplier of the lethal injection drugs, as it did in a case last November. The ACLU of Nebraska filed a lawsuit in December, asking a judge to find that the department had violated the state's open records laws and to force Frakes to release the records. A coalition of Nebraska newspapers and broadcasters, including the Lincoln Journal Star, has joined the legal battle for release of the information.

Kentucky assistant police chief fired for racist messages

Court documents have revealed what ended the 25-year law enforcement career of an assistant police chief in the Louisville suburb of Prospect, Kentucky. Media outlets report that acting Chief Todd Shaw sent what Jefferson County Attorney Mike O'Connell calls "highly disturbing racist and threatening Facebook messages" to a Louisville police recruit who had sought his advice. Among other things, Shaw advised the recruit to shoot black kids caught smoking marijuana, and then sexually assault their parents. Shaw's lawyer, Michael Burns, says he was just "playing" with these and other messages. In another message, Shaw, who is white, disparaged the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., calling him a racist womanizer, and saying "because someone shot him, I get a day off with pay each year." Shaw resigned in November after his boss presented him with the messages. A judge recently ordered the evidence released. Media outlets had requested the messages under the state Open Records Act. Shaw had sought to keep them secret.

Ain't no sunshine: Hawley alleges open-records violations by county executive

St. Louis County Executive Steve Stenger’s staff routinely violates a state law designed to guarantee public access to government records, according to a lawsuit filed by Missouri Attorney General Josh Hawley.

Many of the instances cited in the suit were times when Stenger’s aides failed to properly respond to requests from St. Louis Post-Dispatch journalists to view public records.

The suit was filed in St. Louis County Circuit Court. It seeks an injunction to force Stenger’s office to follow the law. It also asks the court to assess civil penalties of up to $1,000 for each knowing violation and $5,000 for each purposeful violation, or further relief as the court finds appropriate.

DOE staffer claims retaliation over photos of secret meeting

A former photographer at the Department of Energy says he lost his job in retaliation for making public photos of a meeting between Secretary Rick Perry and a coal baron peddling a wish list of policy initiatives that would directly benefit his company, The Associated Press reports.

Simon Edelman has filed a federal whistleblower complaint alleging he was terminated from the agency after he provided the photos to two media outlets that published them in December. Edelman was at the March 29, 2017, meeting snapping shots as Robert "Bob" Murray handed Perry a four-page "action plan" to revive the nation's struggling coal industry. Murray is chairman and CEO of Ohio-based Murray Energy, one of the nation's largest coal producers.

Copies of the plan were obtained earlier this month by the AP and other media outlets. A review of the plan shows many of the proposals provided by the major GOP political donor were later advanced by the Trump administration.

Judge: Washington state lawmakers' emails, texts are public

The emails, text messages and other records held by Washington state lawmakers are subject to public disclosure, a judge said in a ruling in favor of a media coalition led by The Associated Press.

Thurston County Superior Court Judge Chris Lanese sided with the group that sued in September, challenging the Washington Legislature's assertion that lawmakers are excluded from stricter disclosure rules that apply to other elected officials and agencies.

While Lanese said the offices of individual lawmakers are subject to the Public Records Act, the Washington Legislature, the House and Senate were not.

But regarding the individual lawmakers named, Lanese said the statute was clear.

The law "literally says that representatives and senators and their offices are agencies under the Public Records Act," he said from the bench.

Besides AP, the groups involved in the lawsuit are: public radio's Northwest NewsNetwork, KING-TV, KIRO 7, Allied Daily Newspapers of Washington, The Spokesman-Review, the Washington Newspaper Publishers Association, Sound Publishing, Tacoma News Inc. and The Seattle Times.

AP: Head of Russian outlet RT says US foreign agent order hurts

The head of Russian television channel RT, which U.S. intelligence agencies allege took part in the campaign to influence last year's presidential election, says that having to register as a foreign agent in the United States is already hurting the Kremlin-funded outlet.

Since the U.S. Justice Department gave the order and the station's U.S. affiliate complied, RT has been shut out of news events and suffered damage to its reputation, said Margarita Simonyan, the combative and passionate editor-in-chief of the 13-year-old operation once called Russia Today.

Her indignation at the early November edict came blazing through in an interview with The Associated Press at RT's central Moscow headquarters.

Her argument hinges on whether RT should be treated as a legitimate news and information network, as she insists, or as a clever propaganda arm of the Russian state, as many critics in Europe and the United States contend.

RT sees itself as an underdog broadcaster carrying Russian views and perspectives onto the international media scene, contending it is similar to the government-funded Voice of America or Radio Liberty/Radio Free Europe in the U.S. or to Britain's government-supported BBC.

Head of Missouri pension system replaced with interim leader

The head of the Missouri pension system has been removed and replaced with an interim leader, according to information obtained under an open records request.

The Jefferson City News-Tribune reports that the Missouri State Employees Retirement System's Board of Trustees voted during a closed session to terminate John Watson's contract.

The News Tribune said the records disclosed that the board also unanimously approved naming Ronda Stegmann as the interim director.

The two board members appointed by Gov. Eric Greitens were among those voting for Watson's termination.

Meanwhile, a recently obtained memo shows that one of Greitens' acquaintances suggested systemic changes to Missouri's education system prior to the Republican's gubernatorial victory in 2016.

The "Freedom and Flexibility Agenda" written by Ken Zeff outlines numerous education reforms that Greitens could enact if he were elected governor, including expanding charter access, cutting regulations and increasing teacher pay, the Springfield News-Leader reports.

Zeff is an education leader in Georgia and a former charter school executive. He used to be a White House fellow alongside Greitens during President George W. Bush's administration.

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • Jan. 18, 2018

Milwaukee Journal Sentinel: Man's death in prison leads to $1 million settlement

Wisconsin taxpayers paid $1 million to settle the case of a man who died in a Milwaukee prison in 2011 after a guard ignored a warning from the man's cellmate that he was having a seizure.

Officials at the Milwaukee Secure Detention Facility knew that Jeremy Cunningham, who had a heart condition, had been using a prescription painkiller and alcohol. But when Cunningham's cellmate pressed an emergency button to sound the alarm about the seizure, a guard dismissed Cunningham's seizure as "snoring" and hung up the emergency call. About two hours later, paramedics found Cunningham dead at 34. His estate filed a wrongful death suit on behalf of his now 15-year-old son in December 2016, bringing the case against the guard in his individual and official capacities. … The June settlement was obtained through an open records request by the Journal Sentinel.

Read more: https://www.jsonline.com/story/news/politics/2018/01/09/mans-death-milwaukee-prison-leads-1-million-settlement-funded-wisconsin-taxpayers/1014482001/

Senator wants to shield all court records from public view

The one-time head of the state agency that oversees Virginia’s Freedom of Information Act has filed legislation to shield all court records from the Virginia law guaranteeing citizens’ right to see public records, according to the Daily Press in Newport News, Virginia.

The bill, posted by state Sen. Richard Stuart, a Republican from Montross, would exempt the entire state judicial system from the Freedom of Information Act.

Stuart, who has served as chairman and is currently the vice chairman of the state Freedom of Information Advisory Council, a General Assembly agency, could not be reached immediately for comment.

Office of Open Records issues decision in newspaper appeal of sewer-sale bills

The state Office of Open Records determined the Scranton Sewer Authority redacted too much information in legal bills regarding the Scranton sewer system sale and ordered the release of more specifics to The Times-Tribune of Scranton, Pennsylvania.

The OOR also upheld some of the authority’s redactions under an attorney-client exemption from public disclosure.

The opinion comes in the newspaper’s nearly yearlong battle to obtain the authority’s legal bills from the sewer sale that closed Dec. 29, 2016. Either side may appeal the OOR ruling to Lackawanna County Court within 30 days.

AP: Rhode Island refuses to release hand-delivered Amazon pitch

Rhode Island economic development officials say the state's bid to become home to Amazon's second headquarters was hand-delivered by an employee who personally flew to Seattle, where the company is based.

The detail was included in a set of documents released by the Commerce Corp. in response to an open records request by The Associated Press.

The Commerce Corp. refused to release the application itself, and it declined to release any studies it used to determine the benefits of luring Amazon to Rhode Island. It said those documents were exempt from the state's Access to Public Records Act, citing exemptions for documents that contain strategy and discussion of the potential investment of public funds, as well as preliminary drafts and notes.

More than 15 states and cities, including Chicago, Cleveland and Las Vegas, refused requests from The Associated Press to detail the promises they made to try to lure the company.

Pennsylvania Health Department ordered to grant access on medical marijuana

The Pennsylvania Department of Health must reveal more information about organizations that applied for licenses to be medical marijuana growers and dispensaries, according to a state Office of Open Records ruling.

The Pittsburgh Tribune-Review reports that over the summer, the Health Department released the names of 27 statewide medical marijuana dispensaries and 12 growers. But much of the information was redacted, as the department allowed applicants to black out information they wanted kept confidential.

A recent ruling by Office of Open Records appeals officer orders the state to republish the applicants with more information, including financial backers, principals and operators.

The state has 30 days to comply or appeal to Commonwealth Court.

“The medical marijuana industry needs to get up and running in full sunlight -- not behind a smoke screen,” said Cate Barron, vice president of content for PA Media Group, the corporate parent of PennLive and The Patriot-News.

PennLive was one of the media outlets that filed a Right-to-Know request seeking more information from the list of applicants.

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION, FIRST AMENDMENT • JAN. 10, 2018

US appeals court: Idaho spying ban at farms unconstitutional

Idaho's ban on spying at farms, dairies and slaughterhouses violated free speech rights, a federal appeals court ruled, according to The Associated Press.

"The panel held that the subsection criminalized innocent behavior, was staggeringly overbroad, and that the purpose of the statute was, in large part, targeted at speech and investigative journalists," wrote U.S. Circuit Judge M. Margaret McKeown in a 56-page ruling.

Idaho lawmakers in 2014 passed the law making it a crime to surreptitiously videotape agriculture operations after the state's $2.5 billion dairy industry complained that videos of cows being abused at a dairy two years earlier unfairly hurt their businesses.

The measure passed easily in Idaho, where agriculture is not only one of the leading businesses but also the occupation of many state lawmakers.

Animal rights activists, civil rights groups and media organizations quickly sued once the bill received the governor's signature, arguing the law criminalized a long tradition of undercover journalism and would require people who expose wrongdoing to pay restitution to the businesses they target.

Georgia politicians, officials score with free game tickets

Rose Bowl tickets were pricey and scarce for common football fans, but not for several Georgia politicians.

Organizations affiliated with the University of Georgia gave free tickets to several state lawmakers and officials, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution reported.

The Georgia Legislature passed a bill in 2014 that prohibited public officials from accepting free tickets, golf games and anything of value over $75 from lobbyists. However, colleges and universities don't have to register as lobbyists.

The newspaper reported that the university invited about 180 people to the Jan. 1 game between Georgia and the University of Oklahoma. The tickets were paid for by the UGA Foundation and the UGA Athletic Association, both nonprofits.

Under Georgia's open records law, the Journal-Constitution obtained a list of officials who scored the free tickets. It includes U.S. Rep. Buddy Carter, R-Pooler; Georgia House Speaker David Ralston, R-Blue Ridge; and state Senate Majority Leader Bill Cowsert, R-Athens.

Cowsert told the newspaper that he reimbursed the university for his two tickets to the game.

Organization files lawsuit against Greitens over use of app

An organization that advocates for open government is asking a judge to bar Missouri Gov. Eric Greitens and his staff from using an app that deletes messages after they're read, claiming that the secretive communication violates the state's public records laws and is "a significant affront" to democratic traditions.

In a lawsuit filed last month by an attorney for the Missouri Sunshine Project, attorney Ben Sansone is also seeking the names of all staffers in the Greitens' administration that use the Confide app, which deletes text messages and prevents recipients from saving, forwarding, printing or taking screenshots of messages.

The lawsuit claims the use of "automatic communication destroying software by elected officials and government employees is illegal and constitutes an ongoing conspiracy to violate the Missouri Sunshine law and Missouri State and Local Records law, not to mention a significant affront to the open government and democratic traditions of Missouri and the United States," The St. Louis Post-Dispatch reported.

Records: Secret recordings cost prison official his job

The top administrator at Georgia’s troubled prison hospital has been forced out of his job after being caught secretly recording conversations with other corrections officials on his state-issued cell phone, documents obtained by The Atlanta Journal-Constitution show.

Randy Brown, the health services administrator at Augusta State Medical Prison since 2004, abruptly retired on Dec. 8 after his supervisors at Georgia Correctional HealthCare discovered the recordings and gave him the choice of resigning or being terminated, the documents show.

Brown's ouster marks the second major departure of a leader at the state's flagship prison medical facility since a series of stories in the AJC earlier this year revealed unsafe and unsanitary conditions. In November, the prison's warden, Scott Wilkes, was reassigned after 18 months in his position.

The documents were obtained by the AJC under Georgia's open records law.

Colorado pays $55,000 to 2 women over sexual harassment

Colorado paid $55,000 to two women who alleged they were sexually harassed while working in the state court system over the past two years.

The Denver Post reported the settlements based on records it obtained after requesting information from judicial officials.

The judicial branch also conducted eight other investigations into harassment allegations since 2012. Five workers who were investigated resigned, ending the probes.

In addition, two judges who were facing discipline for misconduct accusations that included sexual harassment stepped down during the last five years. The settlements didn't involve the judges.

Judicial officials declined to offer more details about the settlements or the resignations. The judiciary, unlike the executive and legislative branches, is not covered by Colorado's open records law.

Media coalition files complaint regarding open records

Media of Nebraska, Inc., a coalition of newspapers and broadcasters, is going to court to fight the state Department of Corrections’ decision to ignore Nebraska’s public records statutes by withholding records to conceal the identity of its lethal injection drug supplier.

Media of Nebraska filed a complaint in intervention in Lancaster County District Court aimed at compelling the corrections department to release government records associated with the drug supplier. The corrections agency has denied requests for the records from the Lincoln Journal Star, the Omaha World-Herald and the ACLU.

The state agency has released similar records in the past, but it is concealing them now for reasons that state officials have refused to fully explain.

AP: Author, publisher won't back down on explosive Trump book

The author of an explosive new book that questions President Donald Trump's fitness for office has contradicted Steve Bannon's explanation of comments that had angered his former boss. The book publisher said any effort by Trump to suppress the book would be "flagrantly unconstitutional."

Michael Wolff, author of "Fire and Fury: Inside the Trump White House," took issue with a Bannon mea culpa issued recently, in which Trump's former chief strategist sought to make amends for his comments.

Meanwhile, the publisher of "Fire and Fury" said any efforts to suppress the book are "flagrantly unconstitutional."

In a letter to company employees Monday and shared with The Associated Press, Macmillan CEO John Sargent wrote "no American court" would go along with President Trump should he sue to have "Fire and Fury" withdrawn.

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION • Dec. 20, 2017

Arkansas AG: House harassment document not releasable 

Arkansas' top attorney says a document related to a harassment complaint involving a lawmaker within the past nine years doesn't have to be released to the public since it's considered an employee evaluation record. Attorney General Leslie Rutledge says in an advisory opinion released Dec. 15 that a witness statement connected to the harassment investigation is exempt from release since it didn't result in anyone's suspension or termination. House Speaker Jeremy Gillam sought the AG's opinion in response to an open records request by The Associated Press for any records related to sexual harassment or misconduct complaints made against legislators since 2008. Gillam declined Monday to release more details about the allegation, including the nature of the complaint and when it was made.

Kentucky lawmaker blocked from governor's Twitter account 

A Democratic Kentucky lawmaker says she was blocked from Republican Gov. Matt Bevin's Twitter account. The Courier Journal reports state Rep. Attica Scott's access to Bevin's Twitter account was restored Dec. 18. The Louisville representative believes she is the only state lawmaker to be blocked from Bevin's account and thinks it is because she is the only African-American woman in the legislature. Bevin spokeswoman Amanda Stamper said no one from the governor's office "knowingly blocked" Scott from the account. Scott says as a lawmaker, she should have access to keep up with official announcements from the governor. On Dec. 18, Kentucky Attorney General Andy Beshear said Bevin's office violated the state open records law by refusing to divulge terms it uses to filter people from its Facebook page. A Bevin spokesman said the administration will appeal the decision,

Missourians discuss being blocked on Greitens' social media 

Missouri residents who have been blocked from posting opinions on Gov. Eric Greitens' social media accounts say they are frustrated that the governor apparently doesn't want to hear opinions from those who challenge or disagree with him. The extent to which people have been blocked from the governor's social media accounts is hard to determine. In August, the Columbia Missourian filed an open records request to determine if Greitens was blocking users, to obtain records of direct messages and to get information related to the accounts' creation. When Greitens' office refused to provide the information, the newspaper filed a complaint with the Attorney General's Office. In response to the Missourian’s records request, Greitens' office argued that the Facebook and Twitter accounts used by the governor are not considered official state accounts because they were created before Greitens took office. The question of whether Greitens' original accounts were personal or public has not been resolved. No case law in Missouri addresses when public officials can block users on social media.

Read more: https://www.usnews.com/news/best-states/missouri/articles/2017-12-17/missourians-discuss-being-blocked-on-greitens-social-media

Correction: Conflicted Interests story 

In a story Dec. 6 about potential conflicts of interest among state legislators, The Associated Press and Center for Public Integrity reported erroneously that Nevada lawmakers in a special session last year took a historically unprecedented step in waiving requirements that legislators disclose potential conflicts of interest when they approved money for an NFL stadium. Lawmakers took a similar step with budget-related matters during a special session in 2009, according to legislative documents.

Read more: https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/correction-conflicted-interests-abridged-story/2017/12/14/72a04f36-e11a-11e7-b2e9-8c636f076c76_story.html?utm_term=.978708f0e979

OPEN RECORDS, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION • Dec. 14, 2017

Missouri attorney general weighs in on Confide messaging app 

Missouri's attorney general says that he's weighing whether to appoint a special investigator to check into use of the secretive Confide messaging app by several senior members of Gov. Eric Greitens' office. Attorney General Josh Hawley, a Republican, was asked by Democratic state Sen. Scott Sifton of the St. Louis area to investigate after The Kansas City Star reported last week that it determined Greitens and some of his staff have Confide accounts connected to their personal cellphones. The app deletes messages and prevents recipients from saving, forwarding, printing or taking screenshots of messages. Hawley said at a news conference Dec. 11 Monday that he can't directly investigate Greitens because he's defending the Republican governor's office in other legal cases, the St. Louis Post-Dispatch reported . But Hawley could appoint a special investigator, and he said he's looking at case law to determine whether to do so.

Read more: http://www.newsobserver.com/news/politics-government/national-politics/article189196519.html

Minnesota school official suspended for handcuffing student 

A St. Paul, Minnesota, public schools assistant principal who had a middle school student handcuffed for being disruptive received a three-day suspension without pay. =The disciplinary letter signed by the assistant school superintendent says Gene Ward Jr. showed "extremely poor professional judgment" in his decision to have the student handcuffed. The Pioneer Press obtained details of Ward's January suspension through an open records request. The incident happened at Battle Creek Middle School after Ward questioned a student about cellphones stolen from a locker room. Ward's disciplinary letter says he ordered a security guard to handcuff the student because he was being loud and disruptive.

Ward told the newspaper he made his decision and "got consequences for it" and that he understands the concerns about placing students in handcuffs. He now works another school.

Missouri governor’s team facing pushback over messaging app 

Several senior members of Missouri Gov. Eric Greitens' office have accounts with a secretive app that erases messages after they've been read, raising concerns among government-transparency advocates that the app could be used to undermine open-record laws. The Kansas City Star reported that it determined the governor and some of his staff have Confide accounts connected to their personal cellphones. The app deletes messages and prevents recipients from saving, forwarding, printing or taking screenshots of messages.

It's unclear whether the governor and his staff are using the app for state business, campaign work or other government communication, or for personal matters.

Read more: https://www.usnews.com/news/best-states/missouri/articles/2017-12-07/missouri-governor-staff-use-secretive-app-to-communicate

Attorney general: Sex harassment complaints should be secret 

Republican Attorney General Brad Schimel says he agrees with legislative leaders that sexual harassment complaints against lawmakers and their staff should be kept secret. Republican and Democratic leaders in the Senate and Assembly last week agreed that complaints will remain confidential out of respect for the privacy of the victims and those they have accused. Schimel has long touted himself as a champion of Wisconsin’s open records law. But he told The Associated Press during a year-end interview that the legislative leaders have struck the right balance. He said there's a strong argument for releasing the records so the public can see them and hold government officials accountable. On the other hand, victims typically report incidents with great reluctance and expect confidentiality.

Read more: https://www.usnews.com/news/best-states/wisconsin/articles/2017-12-06/ag-agrees-sex-harassment-complaints-should-be-secret

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